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Pinus leiophylla (Chihuahua pine; Smooth-leaved pine; Chihuahuan pine)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus leiophylla, commonly known as Chihuahua pine, smooth-leaf pine, and yellow pine (in Mexico, tlacocote and ocote chino), is a tree with a range primarily in Mexico, with a small extension into the United States in southeast Arizona and southwest New Mexico. The Mexican range extends along the Sierra Madre Occidental and Sierra Madre del Sur from Chihuahua to Oaxaca, from 29° North Lat. to 17°, between 1600 and 3000 meters altitude.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus leiophylla

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [2]  98 feet (30 m)
Width [1]  31 feet (9.3 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Specific Gravity [4]  0.47
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; This plant is an important source of turpentine; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc. Wood - coarse-grained, light, soft, not strong, durable;
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus leiophylla

Predators

Apolychrosis ambogonium[5]
Dioryctria erythropasa[5]
Gonometa podocarpi[5]
Matsucoccus leiophyllae[6]
Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha (Thick-billed Parrot)[7]
Streblote aculeata[5]
Xanthisthisa tarsispina[5]

Range Map

SW U.S.A.: SE Arizona, SW New Mexico; in Mexico along the Sierra Madre Occidental, the "Eje Volcánico Transversal" and in the Sierra Madre del Sur as far SE as the highlands of central Oaxaca. TDWG: 76 ARI 77 NWM 79 MXC-DF MXC-ME MXC-MO MXC-PU MXC-TL MXE-AG MXE-CU MXE-DU MXE-GU MXE-HI MXE-QU MXE-SL MXE-ZA MXG-VC MXN-SI MXN-SO MXS-CL MXS-GR MXS-JA MXS-MI MXS-NA MXS-OA; SW USA: SE Arizona, SW New Mexico; in Mexico along the Sierra Madre Occidental, the. TDWG: 76 ARI 77 NWM 79 MXC-DF MXC-ME MXC-MO MXC-PU MXC-TL MXE-AG MXE-CU MXE-DU MXE-GU MXE-HI MXE-QU MXE-SL MXE-ZA MXG-VC MXN-SI MXN-SO MXS-CL MXS-GR MXS-JA MXS-MI MXS-NA MXS-OA;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 4Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service 5HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 7Thick-billed Parrot, BirdLife International (1992) Threatened Birds of the Americas. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access