Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus montezumae
 

Pinus montezumae (Montezuma pine; Rough-branched Mexican pine; Rough-barked Mexican pine)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus montezumae, known as the Montezuma pine, is a species of conifer in the family Pinaceae.It is native to Mexico and Central America, where it is known as ocote. The tree grows about 35 m high and 80 cm in diameter; occasionally it may reach a height of 40 m and diameter of 1 m. It has a round crown. The bark is dark brown-grayish.It is found from the Mexican states of Nuevo León (25° N). Lat. and Jalisco (22°) to the north and to Nicaragua (15° S. Lat.) to the south.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus montezumae

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [2]  66 feet (20 m)
Width [2]  23 feet (7 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Water Use [1]  Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc. Wood. An important timber tree;
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus montezumae

Predators

Apolychrosis synchysis[3]
Argyrotaenia montezumae[3]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[4]
Gonometa podocarpi[3]
Rhynchopsitta terrisi (Maroon-fronted Parrot)[5]

Range Map

Mexico: Nuevo León, SW Tamaulipas, Nayarit, S Zacatecas, Jalisco, Michoacán, México, Distrito Federal, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Morelos, Tlaxcala, Puebla, Central Veracruz, Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas; in Guatemala in the highland departments.. TDWG: 79 MXC-DF MXC-ME MXC-MO MXC-PU MXC-TL MXE-NL MXE-QU MXE-HI MXE-TA MXE-ZA MXG-VC MXS-CL MXS-GR MXS-JA MXS-MI MXS-NA MXS-OA MXT-CI 80 GUA; Mexico: in Nuevo León, SW Tamaulipas, Nayarit, S Zacatecas, Jalisco, Michoacán, México, Distrito Federal, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Morelos, Tlaxcala, Puebla, Central Veracruz, Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas; in Guatemala in the highland departments. TDWG: 79 MXC-DF MXC-ME MXC-MO MXC-PU MXC-TL MXE-NL MXE-QU MXE-HI MXE-TA MXE-ZA MXG-VC MXS-CL MXS-GR MXS-JA MXS-MI MXS-NA MXS-OA MXT-CI 80 GUA;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 4Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 5Maroon-fronted Parrot, BirdLife International (1992) Threatened Birds of the Americas. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access