Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus patula
 

Pinus patula (Jelecote pine; Mexican weeping pine; Spreading-leaved pine)

Language: Fre; Ger; Hun; Spa

Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus patula, commonly known as patula pine, spreading-leaved pine, or Mexican weeping pine, and in Spanish as pino patula or pino llorón, (patula Latin = spreading) is a tree native to the highlands of Mexico. It grows from 24° to 18° North latitude and 1800 to 2700 m above sea level. The tree is 30 meters tall. It cannot not stand long periods of temperatures as low as –10 °C, but resists occasional brief below zero dips. It is moderately drought-tolerant, in this respect it is superior to Pinus taeda. Rainfall range is from 750 to 2000 mm annual average, it happens mostly in summer but in a little area of the State of Veracruz on the Sierra Madre Oriental its habitat is rainy year round.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus patula

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [2]  164 feet (50 m)
Width [1]  31 feet (9.3 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Janka Hardness [3]  580 lbf (263 kgf) Very Soft
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Specific Gravity [4]  0.44
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc. Wood. An important timber tree in warm temperate areas;
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus patula

Predators

Alcis papuensis[5]
Amphicallia bellatrix[5]
Anthela ekeikei[5]
Archips occidentalis[5]
Ariathisa abyssinia[5]
Ariathisa semiluna[5]
Aroa melanoleuca[5]
Bassania schreiteri[5]
Bombycopsis venosa[5]
Bracharoa quadripunctata[5]
Brithysana africana[5]
Cargolia arana[5]
Chenuala heliaspis (Rose Anthelid)[5]
Cleora dargei[5]
Cleora herbuloti[5]
Cleora pavlitzkiae[5]
Cryptospiza reichenovii (Red-faced Crimsonwing)[6]
Declana floccosa (Forest Semilooper)[7]
Diparopsis castanea[5]
Ectropis ocellata[5]
Epichorista galeata[5]
Etropera ablusa[8]
Europtera punctillata[5]
Gonimbrasia tyrrhea[5]
Gonometa nysa[5]
Gonometa podocarpi[5]
Gonometa regia[5]
Imbrasia cytherea[5]
Kalotermes brouni[7]
Laelia fracta[5]
Lechriolepis basirufa[5]
Lechriolepis nephopyropa[5]
Lichnoptera gulo[5]
Lymantria ninayi[5]
Lymantria novaguinensis[5]
Melanolophia commotaria[5]
Mitrastethus baridioides[7]
Mylantria xanthospila[5]
Nagia gravipes[5]
Neodora glaucularia[5]
Nyodes brevicornis[5]
Odites fotsyella[5]
Oxydia platypterata[5]
Pachymetana sanguicincta[5]
Pachypasa pallens[5]
Pachypasa papyri[5]
Pachypasa truncata[5]
Panacela lewinae (Lewin's bag-shelter moth)[5]
Phymatus phymatodes <Unverified Name>[7]
Pseudobunaea irius[5]
Pseudocoremia suavis (Common Forest Looper)[7]
Psyche pinicola[5]
Pyrgotis plagiatana[7]
Pyrrhura frontalis (Reddish-bellied Parakeet)[9]
Rhodogastria similis[5]
Schausinna affinis[5]
Serinus canicollis (Cape Canary)[6]
Streblote aculeata[5]
Streblote butiti[5]
Streblote concolor[5]
Streblote cuneata[5]
Streblote livida[5]
Streblote tessmanni[5]
Ubaena dolabella[5]
Xanthisthisa tarsispina[5]

Range Map

Mexico: Tamaulipas, Querétaro, Hidalgo, México, Distrito Federal, Morelos, Tlaxcala, Puebla, Veracruz, Oaxaca and Chiapas.. TDWG: 79 MXC-DF MXC-ME MXC-MO MXC-PU MXC-TL MXE-HI MXE-QU MXE-TA MXG-VC MXS-OA MXT-CI; Mexico: in Tamaulipas, Querétaro, Hidalgo, México, Distrito Federal, Morelos, Tlaxcala, Puebla, Veracruz, Oaxaca and Chiapas. TDWG: 79 MXC-DF MXC-ME MXC-MO MXC-PU MXC-TL MXE-HI MXE-QU MXE-TA MXG-VC MXS-OA MXT-CI 80;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
4Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
5HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
8Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
9DIET AND FEEDING BEHAVIOR OF THE REDDISH-BELLIED PARAKEET (PYRRHURA FRONTALIS) IN AN ARAUCARIA FOREST IN SOUTHEASTERN BRAZIL, Giane C. Kristosch & Luiz O. Marcondes-Machado, ORNITOLOGIA NEOTROPICAL 12: 215–223, 2001
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access