Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus strobus

Pinus strobus (Eastern white pine; Weymouth pine; White pine)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus strobus, commonly known as the eastern white pine, white pine, northern white pine, Weymouth pine, and soft pine is a large pine native to eastern North America. It occurs from Newfoundland west through the Great Lakes region to southeastern Manitoba and Minnesota, and south along the Appalachian Mountains and upper Piedmont to northernmost Georgia and perhaps very rarely in some of the higher elevations in northeastern Alabama, and is planted in areas near its natural range where summer temperatures are fairly moderate.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus strobus



Height [2]  66 feet (20 m)
Width [2]  16.4 feet (5 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-Low
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 7 Low Temperature: 0 F° (-17.8 C°) → 10 F° (-12.2 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Janka Hardness [3]  380 lbf (172 kgf) Very Soft
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Specific Gravity [4]  0.35
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing canoes, containers etc, as a wood preservative etc; Wood - straight and close-grained, light, soft, not strong, works easily and takes an excellent natural or painted finish; It weighs 24lb per cubic foot; A very valuable timber;
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus strobus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Allegheny Portage Railroad Nat'l Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1152 Pennsylvania, United States
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area National Recreation Area V 120283 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Bluestone National Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 3517 West Virginia, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Chickamauga & Chattanooga Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 8248 Georgia, Tennessee, United States
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fort Donelson National Battlefield III 560 Tennessee, United States
Fort Necessity National Battlefield III 1019 Pennsylvania, United States
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 10384 Virginia, United States
Friendship Hill National Historic Site III 697 Pennsylvania, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site   Iowa, United States
Hope College Biology Nature Preserve 55 Michigan, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Hubbard Brook Biosphere Reserve 7809 New Hampshire, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Johnstown Flood National Memorial VI 175 Pennsylvania, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
National Capital Parks - Central National Park   District of Columbia, United States
National Capital Region - East National Park   District of Columbia, United States
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Petersburg National Battlefield III 3338 Virginia, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Prince William Forest Park 19378 District of Columbia, United States
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Rock Creek Park   District of Columbia, United States
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States      
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States


Emblem of



Acantholyda erythrocephala (pine false webworm)[5]
Amorbia humerosana[6]
Anacamptodes vellivolata[6]
Aphelia alleniana[6]
Aplectoides condita[6]
Apolychrosis candidus[6]
Archips oporana[6]
Argyrotaenia pinatubana[6]
Argyrotaenia tabulana[6]
Assara terebrella[5]
Bupalus piniaria[6]
Caripeta angustiorata (brown pine looper)[6]
Caripeta divisata (gray spruce looper)[6]
Caripeta latiorata[6]
Caripeta piniata[6]
Castor canadensis (american beaver)[7]
Chionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)[8]
Choristoneura conflictana (Large Aspen Tortrix)[6]
Choristoneura pinus (Jack Pine Budworm)[6]
Choristoneura rosaceana (Oblique Banded Leaf Roller)[9]
Citheronia sepulcralis (Pine-devil Moth)[6]
Coccomyces strobi[9]
Coloradia doris[6]
Coloradia luski[6]
Coloradia pandora (Pandora moth)[6]
Coloradia velda[6]
Cytospora pini[9]
Declana floccosa (Forest Semilooper)[10]
Dendroctonus terebrans (black turpentine beetle)[11]
Dichomeris picrocarpa[6]
Dichomeris setosella[6]
Dioryctria abietella[5]
Dioryctria abietivorella[6]
Dioryctria auranticella[6]
Dioryctria mutatella[5]
Dioryctria zimmermani[6]
Diprion similis (introduced pine sawfly)[5]
Dynastes tityus (Eastern hercules beetle)[7]
Eacles imperialis (Imperial moth)[9]
Eacles oslari (Oslar's Eacles)[6]
Epinotia rubiginosana[6]
Eucosma gloriola[6]
Eucosma tocullionana[6]
Eufidonia convergaria (Pine Powder Moth)[6]
Eufidonia discospilata[6]
Eufidonia notataria (Powder Moth)[6]
Eulachnus rileyi[5]
Eupithecia lariciata (Larch Pug)[6]
Eupithecia luteata[6]
Eupithecia palpata (Small Pine Looper)[6]
Exoteleia dodecella[6]
Hapleginella laevifrons[5]
Hexatricha pulverulenta[10]
Hierodoris atychioides <Unverified Name>[10]
Hydriomena divisaria[6]
Hypagyrtis piniata (pine measuringworm)[6]
Incisalia eryphon[6]
Incisalia niphon (Eastern Pine Elfin)[6]
Kaltenbachiola strobi[5]
Lambdina fiscellaria (hemlock looper)[6]
Lapara bombycoides (Northern Pine Sphinx)[6]
Lithophane innominata (Nameless Pinion)[6]
Loxia curvirostra (Red Crossbill)[9]
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)[5]
Marmara fasciella[6]
Matsucoccus macrocicatrices[8]
Megastigmus atedius[5]
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)[7]
Mytilinidion scolecosporum[9]
Neonectria fuckeliana[9]
Neophasia menapia (Pine butterfly)[9]
Nepytia canosaria (false hemlock looper)[6]
Newsteadia americana[8]
Ocnerostoma piniariella[6]
Ocnerostoma strobivorum[6]
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)[7]
Panthea acronyctoides (Black Zigzag)[6]
Panthea furcilla (Tufted White Pine Caterpillar)[6]
Panthea pallescens[6]
Pero behrensaria[6]
Pero morrisonaria (Morrison's Pero)[6]
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)[7]
Pezicula livida[9]
Pineus strobi (pine bark adelgid)[5]
Pissodes pini[5]
Prionophus reticularis <Unverified Name>[10]
Pseudocoremia suavis (Common Forest Looper)[10]
Pseudophyllodes purpureocastanea[6]
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)[7]
Retinia monopunctata[6]
Rhyaciona buoliana <Unverified Name>[5]
Rhyacionia buoliana (European pine-shoot moth)[6]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[7]
Semiothisa bicolorata[6]
Semiothisa bisignata (redheaded inchworm)[6]
Semiothisa granitata[6]
Semiothisa minorata[6]
Semiothisa oweni[6]
Semiothisa pinistrobata[6]
Solenobia walshella[6]
Sparganothis tristriata[6]
Sphinx pinastri (Pine Hawkmoth)[6]
Spulerina corticicola[6]
Strasseria geniculata[9]
Strophosomus capitatus[5]
Syngrapha selecta (Chosen Looper Moth)[6]
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)[7]
Tetracis cachexiata (White Slant-line)[6]
Thera contractata (evergreen spanworm)[6]
Therrya pini[9]
Tolype laricis[6]
Tomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)[5]
Valsa pini[9]
Xestia badicollis (Northern Variable Dart)[6]
Xylobolus frustulatus[9]
Zale duplicata (Pine False Looper Zale)[6]
Zale helata (Brown-spotted Zale)[6]
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)[7]
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)[7]
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)[7]
Lymantria dispar[7]
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)[7]
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)[7]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[7]
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)[7]
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)[7]
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)[7]
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)[7]


Mutual (symbiont) 
Suillus placidus (White Suillus)[9]
Thelephora terrestris (Earthfan)[9]
Parasitized by 
Amauroderma fuscatum (Turkeytail)[7]
Armillaria mellea (Honey Fungus)[7]
Buprestis lineata[9]
Chalcophora virginiensis[9]
Chrysobothris cribraria[9]
Chrysobothris pusilla[9]
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[7]
Monotropa uniflora (one-flower Indian-pipe)[7]
Pleurotus ostreatus (Oyster Mushroom)[7]
Shelter for 
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)[7]
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)[7]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[7]
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)[7]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[7]
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (black carpenter ant)[7]
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)[7]
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)[7]
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)[7]
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)[7]
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)[7]
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)[7]
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)[7]
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)[7]
Triatoma sanguisuga (Eastern blood-sucking cone)[7]
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)[7]
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)[7]
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)[7]
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)[7]
Lymantria dispar[7]
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)[7]
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)[7]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[7]
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)[7]
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)[7]
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)[7]
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)[7]

Range Map

E North America: from Newfoundland to N Georgia, westward to Manitoba and Minnesota; S Mexico; Guatemala (highlands). TDWG: 71 MAN 72 NBR NFL-NE NSC ONT PEI QUE 74 ILL IOW MIN WIS 75 CNT INI MAI MAS MIC NWH NWJ NWY OHI PEN RHO VER WVA 78 DEL GEO KTY MRY NCA SCA TEN VRG 79 MXC-PU MXG-VC MXS-GR MXS-OA MXT-CI 80 GUA; E North America: from Newfoundland to N Georgia, westward to Manitoba and Minnesota; S Mexico; Guatemala (highlands).. TDWG: 71 MAN 72 NBR NFL-NE NSC ONT PEI QUE 74 ILL IOW MIN WIS 75 CNT INI MAI MAS MIC NWH NWJ NWY OHI PEN RHO VER WVA 78 DEL GEO KTY MRY NCA SCA TEN VRG 79 MXC-PU MXG-VC MXS-GR MXS-OA MXT-CI 80 GUA; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
4Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
5Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
8Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
11Black Turpentine Beetle, Dendroctonus terebrans (Olivier) (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), Albert E. Mayfield III, Jiri Hulcr, and John L. Foltz, University of Florida
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access