Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Abies > Abies procera

Abies procera (noble fir; White fir; Red fir)

Synonyms: Abies nobilis; Picea nobilis; Pinus nobilis; Pseudotsuga nobilis
Language: Chi; Dut; Fre; Ger; Hrv, Srp; Hun; Ita; Nor; Rus; Spa

Wikipedia Abstract

Abies procera, the noble fir, also called red fir and Christmastree, is a western North American fir, native to the Cascade Range and Coast Range mountains of extreme northwest California and western Oregon and Washington in the United States. It is a high altitude tree, typically occurring at 300–1,500 metres (980–4,920 ft) altitude, only rarely reaching tree line.
View Wikipedia Record: Abies procera


Height [3]  197 feet (60 m)
Width [3]  16.4 feet (5 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 6 Low Temperature: -10 F° (-23.3 C°) → 0 F° (-17.8 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Low
Foliage Color [2]  Dark Green
Fruit Color [2]  Purple
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Fire Tolerance [2]  Low
Flower Type [3]  Monoecious
Frost Free Days [2]  50 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Low
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Janka Hardness [4]  410 lbf (186 kgf) Very Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Wind
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  20 inches (51 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Low
Seeds Per [2]  14640 / lb (32276 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.39
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  Wood - light, hard, strong, close grained, works easily. Used for lumber, interior work, pulp etc;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Abies procera

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States


Adelges nordmannianae[6]
Adelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)[6]
Adelges piceae piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)[7]
Cinara confinis[6]
Eupithecia abietaria (Cloaked Pug Moth)[8]
Megastigmus pinus[6]
Rhizosphaera kalkhoffii[7]
Sirex cyaneus (blue horntail)[6]
Urocerus augur <Unverified Name>[6]
Urocerus gigas <Unverified Name>[6]


Parasitized by 
Curreya pityophila[7]

Range Map

U.S.A.: NW California, Oregon, Washington (Cascade Range, parts of Coast Range) TDWG: 73 ORE WAS 76 CAL; USA: NW California, Oregon, Washington (Cascade Range, parts of Coast Range). TDWG: 73 ORE WAS 76 CAL;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access