Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Cedrus > Cedrus deodara
 

Cedrus deodara (Deodar cedar; Himalayan cedar)

Synonyms: Abies deodara; Cedrus indica; Cedrus libani subsp. deodara; Cedrus libani var. deodara; Larix deodara; Pinus deodara
Language: Chi; Dut; Fre; Ger; Hin; Hrv, Srp; Hun; Ita; Por; Rus; Spa

Wikipedia Abstract

Cedrus deodara (deodar cedar, Himalayan cedar, or deodar/devdar/devadar/devadaru; Sanskrit देवदारु devadāru, Hindi: देवदार devadār, दारूक dāruk; Urdu: ديودار/ دیار deodār; Kannada:ದೇವಧಾರ Chinese: 雪松 xuě sōng) is a species of cedar native to the western Himalayas in eastern Afghanistan, northern Pakistan (especially in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) and India (Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Darjeeling and Uttarakhand states), southwesternmost Tibet in (China) and western Nepal, occurring at 1,500–3,200 m (4,921–10,499 ft) altitude. It is a large evergreen coniferous tree reaching 40–50 m (131–164 ft) tall, exceptionally 60 m (197 ft) with a trunk up to 3 m (10 ft) in diameter. It has a conic crown with level branches and drooping branchlets.
View Wikipedia Record: Cedrus deodara

Attributes

Height [3]  108 feet (33 m)
Width [3]  33 feet (10 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Shade Percentage [1]  91 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 7 Low Temperature: 0 F° (-17.8 C°) → 10 F° (-12.2 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mostly Shady
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Green
Foliage Color [2]  Dark Green
Fruit Color [2]  Green
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Late Summer
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Fire Tolerance [2]  None
Flower Type [3]  Monoecious
Frost Free Days [2]  5 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Wind
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  20 inches (51 cm)
Scent [3]  The whole plant is aromatic.
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  3600 / lb (7937 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [4]  0.47
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  A fairly wind-tolerant tree, it can be used in shelterbelt plantings; Wood - moderately hard, durable, aromatic, fine and even grained. Resistant to termites, it is used for construction, furniture, boats etc; A valuable timber, but a poor fuel, producing a lot of smoke as it burns;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Cedrus deodara

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Thursley, Ash, Pirbright and Chobham 12696 England, United Kingdom

Emblem of

Himachal Pradesh
Pakistan

Predators

Archips oporana[5]
Argyrotaenia citrana (Orange tortrix)[5]
Assara cedrella[5]
Cinara cedri[6]
Cinara confinis[6]
Cinara laportei[6]
Ctenopseustis obliquana[7]
Dioryctria abietella[5]
Ectropis deodarae[5]
Fiorinia externa (elongate hemlock scale)[8]
Liothula omnivora[7]
Mycerobas melanozanthos (Spot-winged Grosbeak)[9]
Ochropleura flammatra (Black Collar)[5]
Parlatoria pittospori (mauve pittosporum scale)[8]
Prionophus reticularis <Unverified Name>[7]
Sphinx pinastri (Pine Hawkmoth)[5]
Unaspidiotus corticispini[8]
Viidaleppia consimilis[5]

Distribution

E Afghanistan (Hindu Kush), NW Pakistan (Karakoram), China: extreme SW Xizang Zizhiqu [Tibet], Kashmir to W Nepal TDWG: 34 AFG 36 CHT 40 NEP PAK WHM-HP WHM-JK WHM-UT; E Afghanistan (Hindu Kush), NW Pakistan (Karakoram), China: extreme SW Xizang [Tibet], Kashmir to W Nepal. TDWG: 34 AFG 36 CHT 40 NEP PAK WHM-HP WHM-JK WHM-UT;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
5HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
8Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
9del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access