Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Cupressaceae > Cupressus > Cupressus macrocarpa

Cupressus macrocarpa (Monterey Cypress)

Synonyms: Callitropsis macrocarpa; Cupressus hartwegii; Cupressus lambertiana; Cupressus macrocarpa var. lambertiana; Hesperocyparis macrocarpa; Neocupressus macrocarpa
Language: Fre; Ger; Hun; Ita; Spa

Wikipedia Abstract

Hesperocyparis macrocarpa, commonly known as Monterey cypress, is a species of cypress native to the Central Coast of California. The native range of the species was confined to two small relict populations, at Cypress Point in Pebble Beach and at Point Lobos near Carmel, California.
View Wikipedia Record: Cupressus macrocarpa


Height [2]  82 feet (25 m)
Width [2]  82 feet (25 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  91 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 7 Low Temperature: 0 F° (-17.8 C°) → 10 F° (-12.2 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Janka Hardness [3]  630 lbf (286 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [4]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Scent [2]  The crushed leaves have a strong scent of lemon;
Specific Gravity [5]  0.44
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A good fast growing hedge for the milder areas of Britain, tolerating maritime exposure; It can be trimmed so long as it is not cut back into old wood. Wood - heavy, hard, strong, close-grained and very durable; Used for general construction;
View Plants For A Future Record : Cupressus macrocarpa

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Dartmoor 57244 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Exmoor Heaths 26455 England, United Kingdom
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Isle of Portland to Studland Cliffs 3577 England, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay Pavements 6449 England, United Kingdom
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  


Ambeodontus tristis (Two-toothed longicorn beetle)[6]
Anobium punctatum (furniture beetle)[6]
Argyresthia cupressella (Cypress Tip Moth)[7]
Argyresthia franciscella[7]
Argyrotaenia cupressae[7]
Argyrotaenia franciscana[7]
Calliprason pallidus[6]
Carulaspis juniperi (juniper scale)[8]
Carulaspis minima (bermuda cedar scale)[8]
Chlenias zonaea[7]
Cinara cupressi cupressi (cypress aphid)[9]
Cinara fresai (Cypress aphid)[9]
Coleotechnites stanfordia[7]
Cupidaspis beshearae (Beshear scale)[8]
Cupidaspis cupressi (California lineaspis scale)[8]
Declana floccosa (Forest Semilooper)[6]
Diaspidiotus coniferarum (conifer scale)[8]
Dysmicoccus ryani (cypress mealybug)[8]
Ehrhornia cupressi (cottony cypress scale)[8]
Epinotia hopkinsana[7]
Epinotia subviridis[7]
Ernobius conicola[10]
Eupithecia intricata (Freyer’s Pug)[9]
Eupithecia phoeniceata (Cypress Pug)[7]
Garyus altus[6]
Hadrobregmus magnus <Unverified Name>[6]
Henricus macrocarpana[7]
Hierodoris atychioides <Unverified Name>[6]
Imbrasia cytherea[7]
Kalotermes banksiae <Unverified Name>[6]
Kalotermes brouni <Unverified Name>[6]
Leanobium flavomaculatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Lineaspis striata (cypress snow scale)[8]
Lithophane leautieri (Blair's Shoulder-knot)[7]
Litschauerella abietis[11]
Marasmiellus candidus[11]
Megacoelum beckeri[11]
Melanophila acuminata[9]
Mitrastethus baridioides[6]
Mycolindtneria leucobryophila[11]
Odontopera bidentata (Scalloped Hazel)[9]
Oligoporus wakefieldiae[11]
Peribatodes rhomboidaria (Willow Beauty)[9]
Phloeosinus thujae[9]
Planococcus vovae (Nassonov's mealybug)[8]
Planotortrix notophaea[6]
Prionophus reticularis <Unverified Name>[6]
Pseudocoremia fenerata[7]
Pseudocoremia suavis (Common Forest Looper)[6]
Puto cupressi (California nutmeg mealybug)[8]
Sciurus griseus (western gray squirrel)[12]
Spilococcus andersoni (Anderson mealybug)[8]
Spilococcus implicatus (implicated mealybug)[8]
Spilococcus sequoiae (redwood mealybug)[8]
Stolotermes inopinus <Unverified Name>[6]
Stolotermes ruficeps[6]
Streblote concavum[7]
Subulicium lautum[11]
Thera cupressata[7]
Thera obeliscata (Grey Pine Carpet Moth)[9]
Torostoma apicale[6]
Tubulicrinis regificus[11]
Xyleborinus saxeseni[6]
Xylococculus macrocarpae[8]
Xylotoles laetus[6]


Parasitized by 
Melanophila acuminata[11]
Trachykele blondeli[11]

Range Map

U.S.A.: California (near Monterey) TDWG: 76 CAL; USA: California (near Monterey). TDWG: 76 CAL;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
4USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
5Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
6New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
9Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
10Negron, Jose F. 1995. Cone and Seed Insects Associated with Piñon Pine. In: Shaw, Douglas W.; Aldon, Earl F.; LoSapio, Carol, technical coordinators. Desired future conditions for piñon- juniper ecosystems: Proceedings of the symposium; 1994 August 8-12; Flagstaff, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-258. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 97-106.
11Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
12Sciurus griseus, Leslie N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 474, pp. 1-7 (1994)
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access