Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Larix > Larix laricina

Larix laricina (tamarack; American larch; Eastern larch)

Synonyms: Abies microcarpa; Abies pendula; Larix alaskensis; Larix americana; Larix europaea var. pendula; Larix intermedia; Larix laricina f. lutea; Larix laricina f. parvistrobus; Larix laricina var. alaskensis; Larix laricina var. lutea; Larix laricina var. parvistrobus; Larix microcarpa; Larix pendula; Larix tenuifolia; Pinus intermedia; Pinus laricina; Pinus larix var. americana; Pinus larix var. pendula; Pinus microcarpa; Pinus pendula
Language: Chi; Dut; Fre; Ger; Hrv, Srp; Hun; Ita; Rus

Wikipedia Abstract

Larix laricina, commonly known as the tamarack, hackmatack, eastern larch, black larch, red larch, or American larch, is a species of larch native to Canada, from eastern Yukon and Inuvik, Northwest Territories east to Newfoundland, and also south into the upper northeastern United States from Minnesota to Cranesville Swamp, Maryland; there is also an isolated population in central Alaska. The word tamarack is the Algonquian name for the species and means "wood used for snowshoes."
View Wikipedia Record: Larix laricina


Height [3]  59 feet (18 m)
Width [1]  32 feet (9.9 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Shade Percentage [1]  91 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 2 Low Temperature: -50 F° (-45.6 C°) → -40 F° (-40 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Red
Foliage Color [2]  Dark Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Mid Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  None
Flower Type [3]  Monoecious
Frost Free Days [2]  73 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Hazards [3]  Sawdust from the wood has been known to cause dermatitis in some people;
Janka Hardness [4]  590 lbf (268 kgf) Very Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Wind
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  12 inches (30 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  292614 / lb (645105 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.53
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  Resin is extracted by tapping the trunk. It is obtained from near the centre of the trunk; The resin has a wide range of uses including wood preservatives, medicinal etc. The hole is made in the spring and the resin extracted in the autumn; The roots have been used as a sewing material in canoes and to make durable bags; The bark contains tannin; Wood - very strong, heavy, hard, durable even in water. It weighs 39lb per cubic foot and is used for telegraph poles, fence posts etc; The roots are often curved by as much as 90 and are used by builders of small ships;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Larix laricina

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada


Emblem of

Northwest Territories


Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)[6]
Acleris variana (Black-headed budworm)[7]
Adelges abietis (Aphid)[6]
Adelges laricis[8]
Amorbia humerosana[7]
Anacamptodes vellivolata[7]
Anaplectoides pressus[7]
Aplectoides condita[7]
Archips alberta[7]
Archips packardiana[7]
Argyresthia laevigatella[7]
Argyresthia laricella[7]
Argyrotaenia occultana[7]
Argyrotaenia tabulana[7]
Argyrotaenia velutinana[7]
Campaea perlata (light emerald)[7]
Caripeta angustiorata (brown pine looper)[7]
Caripeta divisata (gray spruce looper)[7]
Choristoneura fumiferana (eastern spruce budworm)[7]
Choristoneura pinus (Jack Pine Budworm)[7]
Chytolita petrealis (Lesser Gray Chytolita)[7]
Cinara cuneomaculata[8]
Cinara laricis (larch aphid)[8]
Coleophora laricella (larch casebearer)[7]
Coleotechnites laricis (Orange Larch Tubemaker)[7]
Cyclophora pendulinaria (sweet fern geometer)[7]
Dasychira plagiata (Northern Pine Tussock)[7]
Dasychira vagans[7]
Dolichomia thymetusalis[7]
Dryocoetes autographus[8]
Dysstroma citrata (dark marbled carpet)[7]
Dysstroma truncata (Common Marbled Carpet Moth)[7]
Elaphria versicolor (Variegated Midget)[7]
Epinotia cruciana[7]
Eufidonia discospilata[7]
Eufidonia notataria (Powder Moth)[7]
Eupithecia annulata[7]
Eupithecia filmata[7]
Eupithecia fletcherata (Fletcher's Larch Looper)[7]
Eupithecia gibsonata[7]
Eupithecia lariciata (Larch Pug)[7]
Eupithecia luteata[7]
Eupithecia miserulata (Common Eupithecia)[7]
Eupithecia misturata[7]
Eupithecia palpata (Small Pine Looper)[7]
Eupithecia transcanadata[7]
Eurois occulta (great gray dart)[7]
Falcipennis canadensis (Spruce Grouse)[9]
Glaucomys sabrinus (northern flying squirrel)[6]
Hyalophora columbia (Columbia Silkmoth)[7]
Hydriomena divisaria[7]
Hydriomena furcata (July Highflyer)[7]
Hydriomena perfracta[7]
Hypagyrtis piniata (pine measuringworm)[7]
Ipimorpha pleonectusa[7]
Iridopsis larvaria[7]
Itame exauspicata[7]
Lacanobia nevadae[7]
Lapara bombycoides (Northern Pine Sphinx)[7]
Lithophane fagina[7]
Lithophane thaxteri (nonconformist)[7]
Lobophora nivigerata[7]
Melanchra assimilis[7]
Melanchra pulverulenta[7]
Melanolophia canadaria[7]
Nemoria mimosaria (White-fringed Emerald)[7]
Nepytia canosaria (false hemlock looper)[7]
Nepytia semiclusaria (pine conelet looper)[7]
Palthis angulalis (Dark-spotted Palthis)[7]
Panthea acronyctoides (Black Zigzag)[7]
Panthea furcilla (Tufted White Pine Caterpillar)[7]
Papestra biren (Glaucous Shears)[7]
Papestra cristifera[7]
Paralobesia piceana[7]
Pero morrisonaria (Morrison's Pero)[7]
Pococera maritimalis[7]
Pristiphora erichsonii (larch sawfly)[8]
Probole amicaria[7]
Pseudocoremia fenerata[7]
Semiothisa bisignata (redheaded inchworm)[7]
Semiothisa denticulata[7]
Semiothisa granitata[7]
Semiothisa oweni[7]
Semiothisa sexmaculata[7]
Semiothisa submarmorata[7]
Solenobia walshella[7]
Sparganothis sulfureana[7]
Sparganothis tristriata[7]
Sphinx gordius (apple sphinx)[7]
Sphinx poecila (Poecila Sphinx)[7]
Spiramater lutra[7]
Syngrapha alias (Hooked Silver Y)[7]
Syngrapha rectangula (Salt and Pepper Looper)[7]
Syngrapha selecta (Chosen Looper Moth)[7]
Tetracis cachexiata (White Slant-line)[7]
Thera contractata (evergreen spanworm)[7]
Tolype laricis[7]
Xestia dilucida (Dull Reddish Dart)[7]
Xestia praevia[7]
Xestia youngii[7]
Xylotype arcadia[7]
Zeiraphera diniana[7]
Zonotrichia leucophrys (White-crowned Sparrow)[6]

Range Map

N North America: from Newfoundland and Massachusetts to Yukon and British Columbia, disjunct in interior Alaska. TDWG: 70 ASK NWT 71 ABT BRC MAN SAS 72 LAB NBR NFL-NE 74 ILL MIN WIS 75 CNT INI MAI MAS NWY OHI PEN VER; N. North America: from Newfoundland and Massachusetts to Yukon and British Columbia, disjunct in interior Alaska TDWG: 70 ASK NWT 71 ABT BRC MAN SAS 72 LAB NBR NFL-NE 74 ILL MIN WIS 75 CNT INI MAI MAS NWY OHI PEN VER;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
6Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
9del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access