Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus aristata
 

Pinus aristata (bristlecone pine; Hickory pine; Colorado bristlecone pine; Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine)

Synonyms: Pinus balfouriana subsp. aristata; Pinus balfouriana var. aristata
Language: Fre; Ger; Ita

Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus aristata, the Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine, is a species of pine native to the United States. It appears in the Rocky Mountains in Colorado and northern New Mexico, with an isolated population in the San Francisco Peaks in Arizona. It is usually found at very high altitudes, from 2500–3700 m, in cold, dry subalpine climate conditions, often at the tree line, although it also forms extensive closed-canopy stands at somewhat lower elevations.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus aristata

Attributes

Height [3]  39 feet (12 m)
Width [3]  13.1 feet (4 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 7 Low Temperature: 0 F° (-17.8 C°) → 10 F° (-12.2 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Flower Color [2]  Purple
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Bloom Period [2]  Mid Summer
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  High
Flower Type [3]  Monoecious
Frost Free Days [2]  4 months 20 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Low
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Slow
Hazards [3]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Wind
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  30 inches (76 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  23040 / lb (50794 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Conical
Specific Gravity [4]  0.47
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The tree could be the source of antioxidants that contribute to long life; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc. Wood - light, soft, not strong. Used for fuel and mining timber;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus aristata

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument III 5997 Colorado, United States

Predators

Eucosma bobana[5]

Range Map

U.S.A., Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico TDWG: 73 COL 76 ARI 77 NWM; USA: N Arizona, Colorado, N New Mexico. TDWG: 73 COL 76 ARI 77 NWM;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 4Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service 5HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access