Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus cembra
 

Pinus cembra (Swiss stone pine; Arolla pine)

Synonyms: Apinus cembra; Pinea cembra; Pinus cembra subsp. communis; Pinus cembra var. helvetica; Pinus montana; Strobus cembra
Language: Chi; Cze; Dut; Fre; French; Ger; German; Hrv, Srp; Hun; Ita; Nor; Pol; Polish; Rus; Slo; Slovak

Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus cembra, also known as Swiss pine, Swiss stone pine or Arolla pine or Austrian stone pine or just Stone pine, is a species of pine tree that grows in the Alps and Carpathian Mountains of central Europe, in Poland (Tatra Mountains), Switzerland, France, Italy, Austria, Germany, Slovenia, Slovakia (Tatra Mountains), Ukraine and Romania. It typically grows at 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) to 2,300 metres (7,500 ft) altitude. It often reaches the alpine tree line in this area.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus cembra

Attributes

Height [1]  37 feet (11.4 m)
Width [1]  15.1 feet (4.6 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 7 Low Temperature: 0 F° (-17.8 C°) → 10 F° (-12.2 C°)
Light Preference [3]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [3]  Mostly Acid
Soil Fertility [3]  Mostly Infertile
Soil Moisture [3]  Moist
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Structure [2]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Tatry 51937 Poland  

Predators

Acantholyda erythrocephala (pine false webworm)[4]
Chionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)[5]
Monochamus sartor[4]
Puto antennatus (conifer mealybug)[5]
Tryblidiopsis pinastri[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Cronartium ribicola (White pine blister rust)[4]

Distribution

Europe, Alps, Carpathians TDWG: 11 AUT-AU CZE-CZ CZE-SK GER POL SWI 12 FRA-FR 13 ITA-IT ROM YUG-BH 14 UKR-MO UKR-UK; Europe: Alps, Carpathians.. TDWG: 11 AUT-AU CZE-CZ CZE-SK GER POL SWI 12 FRA-FR 13 ITA-IT ROM YUG-BH 14 UKR-MO UKR-UK;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 3Ellenberg, H., Weber, H.E., Dull, R., Wirth, V., Werner, W., Paulissen, D. (1991) Zeigerwerte von Pflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Scripta Geobotanica 18, 1–248 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access