Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus gerardiana
 

Pinus gerardiana (Himalayan nut pine; Gerard's pine; chilghoza pine; Chilgoza pine)

Synonyms: Pinus gerardii
Language: Chi; Fre; Ger; Hindi; Ita

Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus gerardiana, known as the chilgoza pine (Urdu: چلغوزا پائن in Persian it means 40 nuts in one cone:چهل و غوزه), noosa, or neoza, is a pine native to the northwestern Himalayas in eastern Afghanistan, Pakistan, and northwest India, growing at elevations between 1800 and 3350 metres. It often occurs in association with blue pine (Pinus wallichiana) and deodar cedar (Cedrus deodara).The trees are 10-20(-25) m tall with usually deep, wide and open crowns with long, erect branches.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus gerardiana

Attributes

Height [2]  82 feet (25 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; The bark of the tree is made into baskets and also into rough buckets for fetching water; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc.
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus gerardiana

Predators

Assara cedrella[3]
Dioryctria abietella[3]
Dioryctria raoi[3]

Distribution

E Afghanistan; China, S Xizang (Tibet); India, Jammu-Kashmir; N Pakistan TDWG: 34 AFG 36 CHT 40 PAK WHM-HP WHM-JK; E Afghanistan; China, S Xizang (Tibet); India, Jammu-Kashmir; N Pakistan. TDWG: 34 AFG 36 CHT 40 PAK WHM-HP WHM-JK;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000) 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access