Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus glabra

Pinus glabra (Spruce pine; Poor pine; Walter pine)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus glabra (Spruce Pine) is a tree found on the coastal plains of the southern United States, from southern South Carolina south to northern Florida and west to southern Louisiana. This pine is a straight-growing, medium-sized species, attaining heights of 20–35 m.The leaves are needle-like, in bundles of two, 5–8 cm long, slender (1 mm thick), and glossy dark green.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus glabra


Height [1]  45 feet (13.7 m)
Width [1]  30 feet (9.2 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mostly Shady
Soil Acidity [2]  Very Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Flower Color [2]  Green
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Bloom Period [2]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Fire Tolerance [2]  None
Frost Free Days [2]  8 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Janka Hardness [4]  660 lbf (299 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  30 inches (76 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  46400 / lb (102294 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Conical
Specific Gravity [5]  0.44
Structure [3]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Hobcaw Barony (North Inlet) National Estuarine Research Reserve 7585 South Carolina, United States
Little St. Simons Island   Georgia, United States


Dendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle)[6]
Diaspidiotus mccombi (McComb pine scale)[7]
Matsucoccus gallicolus[7]
Toumeyella parvicornis (pine tortoise scale)[7]
Toumeyella virginiana (Virginia pine scale)[7]

Range Map

SE USA, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina (coastal plain). TDWG: 78 ALA FLA GEO LOU MSI SCA; Southeastern U.S.A., Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina (coastal plain) TDWG: 78 ALA FLA GEO LOU MSI SCA;



Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts 5Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service 6Southern Pine Beetle, Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmermann (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), James R. Meeker, Wayne N. Dixon, John L. Foltz, and Thomas R. Fasulo, University of Florida 7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access