Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus koraiensis

Pinus koraiensis (Korean pine; Chinese pinenut)

Synonyms: Apinus koraiensis; Pinus cembra var. mandschurica; Pinus mandshurica; Pinus prokoraiensis; Pinus strobus; Strobus koraiensis
Language: Chi; Chinese; Fre; Ger; Hrv, Srp; Hun; Ita; Kor (Hangul); Rus

Wikipedia Abstract

The tree species Pinus koraiensis is commonly called Korean pine. It is native to eastern Asia: Korea, Manchuria, Mongolia, the Temperate rainforests of the Russian Far East, and central Japan. In the north of its range, it grows at moderate altitudes, typically 600 metres (2,000 ft) to 900 metres (3,000 ft), whereas further south, it is a mountain tree, growing at 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) to 2,600 metres (8,500 ft) altitude in Japan. It is a large tree, reaching a mature size of 40 metres (130 ft) to 50 metres (160 ft) height, and 1.5 metres (4.9 ft) to 2 metres (6.6 ft) trunk diameter.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus koraiensis


Height [2]  66 feet (20 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Specific Gravity [3]  0.379
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The seeds are a source of soap and lubricating oil; Tannin is obtained from the bark; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; Yields turpentine and tar; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc. Wood. Used for construction and carpentry; The timber is used for construction, bridge building, vehicles, furniture, and wood pulp;
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus koraiensis

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bolshekhekhtsirsky Zapovednik Ia 112282 Khabarovsk, Russia
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Kedrovaya Pad Zapovednik Ia 44224 Primorsky Krai , Russia
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Ussuriysky Zapovednik Ia 99910 Primorsky Krai , Russia


Archips oporana[4]
Aspidiotus cryptomeriae (Cryptomeria Scale)[5]
Callosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)[6]
Crisicoccus pini (Kuwana pine mealybug)[5]
Drosicha pinicola[5]
Dynaspidiotus tsugae (Shortneedle Evergreen Scale)[5]
Eophona personata (Japanese Grosbeak)[7]
Epinotia rubiginosana[4]
Fiorinia japonica (Japanese scale)[5]
Puto pini[5]
Retinia monopunctata[4]
Steingelia gorodetskia[5]


China: Heilongjiang, Jilin; Japan: Honshu; North & South Korea; Russian Far East: Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye TDWG: 31 AMU KHA PRM 36 CHM-HJ CHM-JL 38 JAP-HN KOR-NK KOR-SK; China: Heilongjiang, Jilin; Japan: Honshu; North & South Korea; Russian Far East: Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye. TDWG: 31 AMU KHA PRM 36 CHM-HJ CHM-JL 38 JAP-HN KOR-NK KOR-SK;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Callosciurus erythraeus (Rodentia: Sciuridae), PETER W. W. LURZ, VIRGINIA HAYSSEN, KIMBERLY GEISSLER, AND SANDRO BERTOLINO, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 45(902):60–74 (2013)
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access