Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus massoniana
 

Pinus massoniana (Masson pine; Chinese red pine; Masson's pine)

Language: Chi; Chinese; Fre; Ger; Hun; Rus

Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus massoniana (English: Masson's pine, Chinese red pine, horsetail pine; Chinese: 马尾松) is a species of pine, native to a wide area of central and southern China, including Hong Kong and Taiwan, and northern Vietnam, growing at low to moderate altitudes, mostly below 1,500 m but rarely up to 2,000 m altitude.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus massoniana

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [2]  82 feet (25 m)
Width [1]  31 feet (9.3 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Specific Gravity [3]  0.44
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc. Wood. An important timber tree in Asia;
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus massoniana

Predators

Dendrolimus punctata[4]
Dioryctria sylvestrella[4]
Fiorinia pinicola (juniper fiorinia scale)[5]
Hemiberlesia pitysophila (pine-needle scale)[5]
Lepidosaphes beckii (citrus mussel scale)[5]
Lepidosaphes cupressi[5]
Lepidosaphes pineti[5]
Lepidosaphes piniphila[5]
Lopholeucaspis massoniae[5]
Matsucoccus massonianae[5]
Matsucoccus pini[6]
Matsucoccus sinensis[5]
Narangodes haemorranta[4]
Retinia cristata[4]
Ungulaspis pinicolous[5]

Distribution

Central & SE China (accross 15 provinces); Taiwan TDWG: 36 CHC-CQ CHC-GZ CHC-GZ CHC-HU CHC-SC CHH CHN-SA CHS-AH CHS-FJ CHS-GD CHS-GX CHS-HE CHS-HN CHS-JX CHS-ZJ 38 TAI; Central and SE China (accross 15 provinces); Taiwan. TDWG: 36 CHC-CQ CHC-GZ CHC-GZ CHC-HU CHC-SC CHH CHN-SA CHS-AH CHS-FJ CHS-GD CHS-GX CHS-HE CHS-HN CHS-JX CHS-ZJ 38 TAI;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service 4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access