Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus palustris

Pinus palustris (Georgia pine; Longleaf pine; Florida pine)

Synonyms: Pinus australis; Pinus australis var. excelsa; Pinus longifolia; Pinus palustris subsp. neogigantea; Pinus palustris var. excelsa
Language: Chi; Fre; Ger; Hrv, Srp; Hun; Ita; Rus; Spa

Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus palustris, commonly known as the longleaf pine, is a pine native to the southeastern United States, found along the coastal plain from eastern Texas to southeast Virginia, extending into northern and central Florida. It reaches a height of 30–35 m (98–115 ft) and a diameter of 0.7 m (28 in). In the past, they reportedly grew to 47 m (154 ft) with a diameter of 1.2 m (47 in).
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus palustris

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Pinus palustris


Height [3]  98 feet (30 m)
Width [3]  16.4 feet (5 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Moderate
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 7 Low Temperature: 0 F° (-17.8 C°) → 10 F° (-12.2 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Flower Color [2]  Brown
Foliage Color [2]  Dark Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Late Winter
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Flower Type [3]  Monoecious
Frost Free Days [2]  8 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Fall
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Winter
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Hazards [3]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Janka Hardness [4]  870 lbf (395 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Wind
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  3.3 feet (102 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  High
Seeds Per [2]  4240 / lb (9348 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.59
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; Carpets are woven from the leaves; This species is exceedingly rich in resinous secretions and is a major source of resin and turpentine in America; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, perfumery, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc. Wood - heavy, very hard, tough, strong, coarse grained, durable; It weighs 44lb per cubic foot; It is largely used for construction, pulp, interiors of buildings, masts, fencing, fuel, flooring, charcoal;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus palustris

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Hobcaw Barony (North Inlet) National Estuarine Research Reserve 7585 South Carolina, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Moores Creek National Battlefield III 100 North Carolina, United States
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  

Emblem of

North Carolina


Anthus rubescens (Buff-bellied Pipit)[6]
Calliprason pallidus[7]
Coloradia pandora (Pandora moth)[8]
Cydia anaranjada (Slash Pine Seedworm Moth)[8]
Cydia ingens (Longleaf Pine Seedworm Moth)[8]
Dioryctria amatella (Southern Pine Coneworm)[8]
Dioryctria clarioralis[8]
Dynaspidiotus californicus <Unverified Name>[9]
Ernobius granulatus[10]
Exoteleia pinifoliella (Pine needle miner)[8]
Gopherus polyphemus ((Florida) Gopher Tortoise)[11]
Holcocera lepidophaga[8]
Lapara coniferarum (southern pine sphinx)[8]
Mitrastethus baridioides[7]
Oracella acuta (acute mealybug)[9]
Pseudophilippia quaintancii (wooly pine scale)[9]
Rhyacionia subtropica[8]
Satronia tantilla[8]
Tolype minta[8]
Toumeyella parvicornis (pine tortoise scale)[9]
Toumeyella pini (striped pine scale)[9]
Toumeyella virginiana (Virginia pine scale)[9]


Parasitized by 
Buprestis lineata[6]
Chalcophora virginiensis[6]
Chrysobothris cribraria[6]

Range Map

SE U.S.A., from Virginia to E Texas in the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains. TDWG: 77 TEX 78 ALA FLA GEO LOU MSI NCA SCA VRG; SE USA, from Virginia to E Texas in the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains.. TDWG: 77 TEX 78 ALA FLA GEO LOU MSI NCA SCA VRG;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
8HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
9Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
10Negron, Jose F. 1995. Cone and Seed Insects Associated with Piñon Pine. In: Shaw, Douglas W.; Aldon, Earl F.; LoSapio, Carol, technical coordinators. Desired future conditions for piñon- juniper ecosystems: Proceedings of the symposium; 1994 August 8-12; Flagstaff, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-258. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 97-106.
11Patterns of Folivory and Seed Ingestion by Gopher Tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) in a Southeastern Pine Savanna, Roger D. Birkhead, Craig Guyer and Sharon M. Hermann, Am. Midl. Nat. 154:143-151
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access