Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus parviflora
 

Pinus parviflora (Japanese white pine; five-needle pine)

Language: Chi; Dut; Ger; Hrv, Srp; Hun; Ita; Jpn (Kanji); Jpn (Katakana); Rus

Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus parviflora, or Japanese white pine, is a pine in the white pine group, Pinus subgenus Strobus, native to Japan. It is also known as the Japanese five-needle pine (Pinus pentaphylla).It is a coniferous evergreen tree, growing to 15–25 m in height and is usually as broad as it is tall, forming a wide, dense, conical crown. The leaves are needle-like, in bundles of five, with a length of 5–6 cm.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus parviflora

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [2]  49 feet (15 m)
Width [2]  20 feet (6 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 7 Low Temperature: 0 F° (-17.8 C°) → 10 F° (-12.2 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc.
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus parviflora

Predators

Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[3]
Crisicoccus pini (Kuwana pine mealybug)[3]
Spulerina corticicola[4]

Distribution

Japan: Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; South Korea, Utsurio-To (island). TDWG: 38 JAP-HK JAP-HN JAP-KY JAP-SH KOR-SK; Japan: Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; South Korea, Utsurio-To (island).. TDWG: 38 JAP-HK JAP-HN JAP-KY JAP-SH KOR-SK;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access