Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus taeda

Pinus taeda (Loblolly pine; Southern pine; Frankincense pine; Oldfield pine)

Synonyms: Pinus lutea
Language: Fre; Ger; Hrv, Srp; Hun; Spa

Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus taeda, commonly known as loblolly pine, is one of several pines native to the Southeastern United States, from central Texas east to Florida, and north to Delaware and southern New Jersey. The wood industry classifies the species as a southern yellow pine. U.S. Forest Service surveys found that loblolly pine is the second most common species of tree in the United States, after red maple. For its timber, the pine species is regarded as the most commercially important tree in Southeastern US.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus taeda


Height [2]  131 feet (40 m)
Width [1]  30 feet (9.2 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-Low
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 7 Low Temperature: 0 F° (-17.8 C°) → 10 F° (-12.2 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Janka Hardness [3]  690 lbf (313 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Specific Gravity [4]  0.51
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; This tree is a source of resin but it is not exploited commercially; The flow of resin checks too quickly and labour costs are too high; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc. Wood - weak, brittle, coarse grained, resinous, not durable; The wood weighs 34lb per cubic foot; Used for lumber, cooperage, crates, the interior of buildings, pulp etc;
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus taeda

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Appomattox Court House National Historical Park V 1687 Virginia, United States
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area V 7622 Georgia, United States
Chickamauga & Chattanooga Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 8248 Georgia, Tennessee, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Desecheo National Wildlife Refuge   Puerto Rico, United States
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States
Fort Caroline National Memorial III 137 Florida, United States
Fort Donelson National Battlefield III 560 Tennessee, United States
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 10384 Virginia, United States
George Washington Birthplace National Monument V 435 Virginia, United States
Hobcaw Barony (North Inlet) National Estuarine Research Reserve 7585 South Carolina, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park III 2897 Georgia, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Little St. Simons Island   Georgia, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Moores Creek National Battlefield III 100 North Carolina, United States
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Ocmulgee National Monument V 693 Georgia, United States
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
Petersburg National Battlefield III 3338 Virginia, United States
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
Rock Creek Park   District of Columbia, United States
Santee Coastal Reserve and Washo Reserve State Habitat Area IV 20850 South Carolina, United States  
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  


Emblem of



Acutaspis morrisonorum (round conifer scale)[5]
Aonidiella pini[5]
Aroa melanoleuca[6]
Aythya collaris (Ring-necked Duck)[7]
Battaristis vittella[6]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[5]
Chionaspis heterophyllae (pine scale)[5]
Cydia erotella[6]
Cydia ingens (Longleaf Pine Seedworm Moth)[6]
Declana floccosa (Forest Semilooper)[8]
Dendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle)[9]
Dendroctonus terebrans (black turpentine beetle)[10]
Dendrolimus punctata[6]
Dioryctria amatella (Southern Pine Coneworm)[6]
Dioryctria disclusa[6]
Dioryctria taedae[6]
Dioryctria taedivorella[6]
Dysmicoccus milleri (Miller mealybug)[5]
Dysmicoccus obesus (pine mealybug)[5]
Ernobius mollis (Pine bark anobiid)[11]
Eucosma cocana[6]
Ganoderma meredithiae[7]
Incisalia niphon (Eastern Pine Elfin)[6]
Lapara coniferarum (southern pine sphinx)[6]
Lechriolepis nephopyropa[6]
Lindingaspis rossi (araucaria black scale)[7]
Matsucoccus gallicolus[5]
Melanocinclis lineigera[6]
Nepytia semiclusaria (pine conelet looper)[6]
Oracella acuta (acute mealybug)[5]
Orgyia australis[6]
Parlatoria pittospori (mauve pittosporum scale)[7]
Platypus apicalis[8]
Pococera melanogrammos[6]
Prionophus reticularis <Unverified Name>[8]
Pseudoparlatoria parlatorioides (false parlatoria scale)[5]
Pseudophilippia quaintancii (wooly pine scale)[5]
Rhyacionia aktita[6]
Rhyacionia buoliana (European pine-shoot moth)[6]
Rhyacionia frustrana (Nantucket pine tip moth)[6]
Rhyacionia rigidana[6]
Rhyacionia subtropica[6]
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)[12]
Toumeyella parvicornis (pine tortoise scale)[5]
Toumeyella pini (striped pine scale)[5]
Toumeyella virginiana (Virginia pine scale)[5]
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)[12]
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)[12]
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)[12]
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)[12]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[12]
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)[12]
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)[12]
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)[12]


Parasitized by 
Buprestis lineata[7]
Chalcophora virginiensis[7]
Chrysobothris cribraria[7]
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[12]
Monotropa uniflora (one-flower Indian-pipe)[12]
Shelter for 
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)[12]
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)[12]
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)[12]
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)[12]
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)[12]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[12]
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)[12]
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)[12]
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)[12]
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)[12]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[12]
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)[12]
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)[12]
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)[12]
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)[12]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[12]
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)[12]
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)[12]
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)[12]

Range Map

SE U.S.A., from Delaware and New Jersey to central Florida and E Texas. TDWG: 74 OKL 75 DEL MRY 77 TEX 78 ALA ARK DEL FLA GEO KTY LOU MRY MSI NCA SCA TEN VRG WDC; SE USA: from Delaware and New Jersey to central Florida and E Texas.. TDWG: 74 OKL 75 DEL MRY 77 TEX 78 ALA ARK DEL FLA GEO KTY LOU MRY MSI NCA SCA TEN VRG WDC;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
4Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
9Southern Pine Beetle, Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmermann (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), James R. Meeker, Wayne N. Dixon, John L. Foltz, and Thomas R. Fasulo, University of Florida
10Black Turpentine Beetle, Dendroctonus terebrans (Olivier) (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), Albert E. Mayfield III, Jiri Hulcr, and John L. Foltz, University of Florida
11Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
12Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access