Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus brutia

Pinus brutia (Afghan pine; Calabrian pine; Brutia pine)

Language: Fre; Ger; Hrv, Srp; Hun; Ita; Tur

Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus brutia, the Turkish pine, is a pine native to the eastern Mediterranean region. The bulk of its range is in Turkey, but it also extends to the East Aegean Islands of Aegean Sea, the Crimea, Iran, Georgia, Azerbaijan, northern Iraq, western Syria, Israel, Lebanon, and Cyprus. It generally occurs at low altitudes, mostly from sea level to 600 metres (2,000 ft), up to 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) in the south of its range.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus brutia



Height [1]  40 feet (12.2 m)
Width [1]  37 feet (11.4 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Medium
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Structure [2]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Akyatan Lagoon 36324 Adana, Turkey      


Aporophyla nigra (Black Rustic)[3]
Cryphalus abietis[4]
Cydia conicolana[4]
Dynaspidiotus britannicus (holly scale)[5]
Ernobius angusticollis <Unverified Name>[4]
Euzophera batangensis[3]
Leucaspis knemion[5]
Leucaspis pini (Austrian pine scale)[5]
Leucaspis pusilla (pine scale)[5]
Lymantria lapidicola[3]
Matsucoccus josephi[5]
Orthotomicus erosus[4]
Palaeococcus fuscipennis[5]
Pissodes validirostris[4]
Polymixis canescens[3]
Sirex noctilio[4]
Thaumetopoea wilkinsoni[6]
Tomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)[4]


E Mediterranean Region; around the Black Sea; Caucasus; Turkey TDWG: 13 GRC KRI TUE 14 KRY 33 NCS-KR TCS 34 CYP EAI LBS-LB LBS-SY TUR; E Mediterranean Region; around the Black Sea; Caucasus; Turkey; NW Iran; N Iraq. TDWG: 13 GRC KRI TUE 14 KRY 33 NCS-KR TCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ LBS-LB LBS-SY TUR;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
4Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by Ramsar Sites Information Service
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access