Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus pungens
 

Pinus pungens (Hickory pine; Prickly pine; Table mountain pine)

Synonyms: Pinus montana
Language: Chi; Fre; Ger; Hrv, Srp; Hun; Rus

Wikipedia Abstract

Table Mountain pine, Pinus pungens, also called hickory pine, prickly pine, or mountain pine, is a small pine native to the Appalachian Mountains in the United States.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus pungens

Attributes

Height [3]  49 feet (15 m)
Width [1]  31 feet (9.3 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Bloom Period [2]  Mid Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Low
Flower Type [3]  Monoecious
Frost Free Days [2]  5 months 15 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Hazards [3]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Janka Hardness [4]  660 lbf (299 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Wind
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  24 inches (61 cm)
Scent [3]  The resin from a broken shoot has a scent like lemon-curd.
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  34200 / lb (75398 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Conical
Specific Gravity [5]  0.52
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc. Wood - soft, light, not strong, brittle, very coarse grained; It weighs 31lb per cubic foot; Of very little value for its wood, it is sometimes used for fuel and charcoal;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus pungens

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bluestone National Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 3517 West Virginia, United States
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  

Predators

Acantholyda erythrocephala (pine false webworm)[6]
Cydia youngana[7]
Dioryctria yatesi[7]
Exoteleia pinifoliella (Pine needle miner)[7]
Leucaspis pusilla (pine scale)[8]
Matsucoccus gallicolus[8]
Rhyacionia frustrana (Nantucket pine tip moth)[7]

Range Map

E USA: Appalachian Mts.. TDWG: 75 PEN WVA 78 GEO MRY NCA SCA TEN VRG; E. U.S.A., Appalachian Mts. TDWG: 75 PEN WVA 78 GEO MRY NCA SCA TEN VRG;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts 5Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service 6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 8Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access