Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus roxburghii

Pinus roxburghii (Long-leaved Indian pine; Chir pine; Himalayan longleaf pine)

Synonyms: Pinus longifolia
Language: Chi; Ger; Hin; Hindi; Hun; Nepalese; Pakistan; Rus

Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus roxburghii (known as chir pine) is a species of pine.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus roxburghii


Height [2]  131 feet (40 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Specific Gravity [3]  0.327
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; A resin is obtained from the sapwood; Trees are tapped for three years and then rested for three years; The yield is up to 5.5 kilos per tree; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc. The wood is very resinous and can be splintered and used as a torch; A charcoal made from the leaves, mixed with rice water, is used as an ink; Wood - moderately hard. Used for construction, shingles, boxes etc. It is useful in cold climates but is not resistant to white ants;
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus roxburghii


Argyresthia iopleura[4]
Batrachedra silvatica[4]
Blastobasis transcripta[4]
Chionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)[5]
Dioryctria abietella[4]
Humococcus resinophila[5]
Hystrix africaeaustralis (Cape porcupine)[6]
Lepidosaphes piniroxburghii[5]
Leucaspis coniferarum[5]
Leucaspis pusilla (pine scale)[5]
Opogona xanthocrita[4]
Promalactis cornigera[4]
Rhyacionia frustrana (Nantucket pine tip moth)[4]
Stolotermes ruficeps[7]
Thamnoecha uniformis[4]
Tinea pellionella (Case-bearing Clothes Moth)[4]


Himalaya, from Pakistan to NE India, Arunachal Pradesh (Assam, Kameng District) TDWG: 36 CHT 40 EHM-AP EHM-BH EHM-DJ EHM-SI NEP PAK WHM-HP WHM-JK WHM-UT; Himalaya, from Pakistan to NE India, Arunachal Pradesh (Assam, Kameng District). TDWG: 36 CHT 40 EHM-AP EHM-BH EHM-DJ EHM-SI NEP PAK WHM-HP WHM-JK WHM-UT;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Hystrix africaeaustralis, Erika L. Barthelmess, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 788, pp. 1-7 (2006)
7New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access