Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus wallichiana
 

Pinus wallichiana (Bhutan pine; Blue pine; Himalayan pine; Himalayan white pine)

Language: Bhutanese; Chi; Dut; Fre; Ger; Hin; Hrv, Srp; Hun; Ita; Spa

Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus wallichiana is a coniferous evergreen tree native to the Himalaya, Karakoram and Hindu Kush mountains, from eastern Afghanistan east across northern Pakistan and India to Yunnan in southwest China. It grows in mountain valleys at altitudes of 1800–4300 m (rarely as low as 1200 m), between 30 m and 50 m in height.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus wallichiana

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [2]  82 feet (25 m)
Width [2]  33 feet (10 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Specific Gravity [4]  0.385
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A commercial source of turpentine and tar. It is said to be superior to P. roxburghii but not produced so freely; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc. The leaves are used as a stuffing for pillows etc; A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; Wood - moderately hard, durable, highly resinous. Used in construction, carpentry etc; A good firewood but it gives off a pungent resinous smoke; The wood is rich in resin. It can be splintered and used as a torch;
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus wallichiana

Predators

Aleucaspis salla[5]
Assara pinivora[6]
Biston regalis[6]
Cervus elaphus hanglu (Kashmir stag)[7]
Dioryctria abietella[8]
Dioryctria mutatella[8]
Dioryctria raoi[6]
Eucosma pylonitis[6]
Hapleginella laevifrons[8]
Lophodermium pini-excelsae[9]
Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)[10]
Medasina albidaria[6]

Consumers

Mutual (symbiont) 
Thelephora terrestris (Earthfan)[9]
Parasitized by 
Cronartium flaccidum[9]
Cronartium ribicola (White pine blister rust)[9]

Distribution

Himalaya: from Afghanistan (Hindu Kush) to NE India, SE Xizang Zizhiqu (Tibet) and NW Yunnan TDWG: 34 AFG 36 CHC-YN CHT 40 EHM-AP EHM-BH NEP PAK WHM-HP WHM-JK WHM-UT; Himalaya: from Afghanistan (Hindu Kush) to NE India, SE Xizang [Tibet] and NW Yunnan.. TDWG: 34 AFG 36 CHC-YN CHT 40 EHM-AP EHM-BH NEP PAK WHM-HP WHM-JK WHM-UT;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000) 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 4Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository. 5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 7Diets of Hangul Deer Cervus elaphus hanglu (Cetartiodactyla: Cervidae) in Dachigam National Park, Kashmir, India, G. Mustafa Shah, Ulfat Jan, Bilal A. Bhat & Fayaz A. Ahangar, Journal of Threatened Taxa | July 2009 | 1(7): 398-400 8Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 10Ecology of Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta) in Northwest Pakistan, S. J. Goldstein and A. F. Richard, International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 10, No. 6, 1989, pp. 531-567
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