Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus muricata

Pinus muricata (Swamp pine; Bishop pine; Obispo pine)

Synonyms: Pinus edgariana; Pinus muricata f. remorata; Pinus muricata subsp. anthonyi; Pinus muricata subsp. remorata; Pinus muricata var. anthonyi; Pinus muricata var. borealis; Pinus muricata var. remorata; Pinus muricata var. stantonii; Pinus remorata
Language: Fre; Ger; Hun; Ita; Spa

Wikipedia Abstract

The bishop pine, Pinus muricata, is a pine with a very restricted range: mostly in California, including several offshore Channel Islands, and a few locations in Baja California, Mexico. It is always on or near the coast.In San Luis Obispo County it is found alone or in stands scattered on the coastal mountains and hills from Morro Bay to Shell Beach. A few stands of the tree are seen on the hills above the Sycamore Canyon Resort in Avila Beach.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus muricata


Height [1]  44 feet (13.3 m)
Width [1]  31 feet (9.3 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Specific Gravity [3]  0.49
Structure [2]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom


Calliprason pallidus[4]
Declana floccosa (Forest Semilooper)[4]
Hexatricha pulverulenta[4]
Kalotermes brouni <Unverified Name>[4]
Lindingaspis rossi (araucaria black scale)[4]
Liothula omnivora[4]
Physokermes insignicola (Monterey pine scale)[5]
Platypus apicalis[4]
Prionophus reticularis <Unverified Name>[4]
Pseudocoremia suavis (Common Forest Looper)[4]
Stolotermes ruficeps[4]
Zermizinga indocilisaria (Lucerne looper)[4]


Mutual (symbiont) 
Amanita franchetii[6]
Amanita gemmata (Jewelled Amanita)[6]
Amanita magniverrucata[6]
Amanita pantherina (Panther Amanita)[6]
Chroogomphus vinicolor[6]
Lactarius rufus (Rufous Milkcap)[6]
Russula amoenolens[6]
Suillus pungens[6]
Xerocomellus chrysenteron (Red Cracking Bolete)[6]


U.S.A.: California (Santa Cruz Island and Santa Rosa Island); Mexico: Baja California Norte. TDWG: 76 CAL 79 MXN-BC; USA: California (Santa Cruz Island and Santa Rosa Island); Mexico: Baja California Norte.. TDWG: 76 CAL 79 MXN-BC;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
4New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Community structure of ectomycorrhizal fungi in a Pinus muricata forest: above- and below-ground views, M. Gardes and T.D. Burns, Can. J. Bot. 74: 1572-1583 (1996)
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access