Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus resinosa

Pinus resinosa (Norway pine; red pine; American red pine)

Synonyms: Pinus rubra
Language: Chi; Fre; Ger; Hrv, Srp; Hun; Ita; Rus

Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus resinosa, known as red pine or Norway pine, is a pine native to North America. It occurs from Newfoundland west to Manitoba, and south to Pennsylvania, with several smaller, disjunct populations occurring in the Appalachian Mountains in Virginia and West Virginia, as well as a few small pockets in extreme northern New Jersey and one in north central Illinois.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus resinosa


Height [2]  115 feet (35 m)
Width [1]  35 feet (10.7 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-Low
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 2 Low Temperature: -50 F° (-45.6 C°) → -40 F° (-40 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people;
Janka Hardness [3]  560 lbf (254 kgf) Very Soft
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Scent [2]  The resin from broken shoots has a strong scent of lemon balm.
Specific Gravity [4]  0.46
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  A tan or green dye is obtained from the needles; The bark contains tannin and has occasionally been exploited commercially; The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat; This species is the most resinous pine in Canada; Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile; The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood; In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields; Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin; Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc; Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc; Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing canoes, containers etc, as a wood preservative etc; Wood - light, hard, very close grained; It weighs 30lb per cubic foot; Tree trunks in dense stands are almost free of knots; The wood is largely used for construction, piles etc and as a source of pulp;
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus resinosa

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Allegheny Portage Railroad Nat'l Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1152 Pennsylvania, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fort Necessity National Battlefield III 1019 Pennsylvania, United States
Friendship Hill National Historic Site III 697 Pennsylvania, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Hubbard Brook Biosphere Reserve 7809 New Hampshire, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Johnstown Flood National Memorial VI 175 Pennsylvania, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States      
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States

Emblem of



Acantholyda erythrocephala (pine false webworm)[5]
Anacamptodes vellivolata[6]
Caripeta aretaria[6]
Caripeta divisata (gray spruce looper)[6]
Caripeta piniata[6]
Chionaspis heterophyllae (pine scale)[7]
Chionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)[7]
Choristoneura pinus (Jack Pine Budworm)[6]
Choristoneura rosaceana (Oblique Banded Leaf Roller)[5]
Citheronia sepulcralis (Pine-devil Moth)[6]
Coleotechnites florae[6]
Corticivora clarki[6]
Cydia coniferana[6]
Cydia inopiosa[6]
Cydia resinosae[6]
Cydia toreuta (Eastern Pine Seedworm Moth)[6]
Dasychira plagiata (Northern Pine Tussock)[6]
Dasychira vagans[6]
Diaspidiotus mccombi (McComb pine scale)[7]
Dioryctria abietivorella[6]
Dioryctria auranticella[6]
Dioryctria cambiicola[6]
Dioryctria disclusa[6]
Dioryctria ponderosae[6]
Dioryctria zimmermani[6]
Elaphria versicolor (Variegated Midget)[6]
Eucosma gloriola[6]
Eucosma monitorana[6]
Eufidonia notataria (Powder Moth)[6]
Eupithecia annulata[6]
Eupithecia filmata[6]
Eupithecia palpata (Small Pine Looper)[6]
Exoteleia nepheos[6]
Exoteleia pinifoliella (Pine needle miner)[6]
Hypagyrtis piniata (pine measuringworm)[6]
Incisalia niphon (Eastern Pine Elfin)[6]
Lambdina fiscellaria (hemlock looper)[6]
Lambdina pellucidaria (eastern pinelooper)[6]
Lapara bombycoides (Northern Pine Sphinx)[6]
Lapara coniferarum (southern pine sphinx)[6]
Lithophane lepida[6]
Loxia curvirostra (Red Crossbill)[5]
Matsucoccus gallicolus[7]
Matsucoccus matsumurae[7]
Matsucoccus pini[8]
Melanophila acuminata[8]
Nepytia canosaria (false hemlock looper)[6]
Ocnerostoma piniariella[6]
Panthea acronyctoides (Black Zigzag)[6]
Panthea furcilla (Tufted White Pine Caterpillar)[6]
Panthea pallescens[6]
Pococera robustella (Pine Webworm)[6]
Rhyaciona buoliana <Unverified Name>[8]
Rhyacionia adana (Adana Tip Moth)[6]
Rhyacionia buoliana (European pine-shoot moth)[6]
Rhyacionia busckana[6]
Rhyacionia frustrana (Nantucket pine tip moth)[6]
Rhyacionia rigidana[6]
Semiothisa bicolorata[6]
Semiothisa bisignata (redheaded inchworm)[6]
Semiothisa minorata[6]
Semiothisa oweni[6]
Semiothisa transitaria[6]
Sparganothis tristriata[6]
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (red squirrel)[9]
Thecodiplosis brachyntera[8]
Tolype laricis[6]
Toumeyella pini (striped pine scale)[7]
Xestia praevia[6]
Zale duplicata (Pine False Looper Zale)[6]
Zale helata (Brown-spotted Zale)[6]
Zale obliqua (Oblique Zale)[6]
Zale submediana (Gray Spring Zale)[6]
Zelleria haimbachi (Pine Needle Sheathminer)[6]


Parasitized by 
Melanophila acuminata[5]

Range Map

E North America, from New Foundland and West Virginia westward to Manitoba and Minnesota. TDWG: 71 MAN 72 NBR NFL-NE NSC ONT QUE 74 ILL MIN WIS 75 CNT MAI MAS MIC NWH NWJ NWY PEN VER WVA; E North America, from Newfoundland and West Virginia westward to Manitoba and Minnesota.. TDWG: 71 MAN 72 NBR NFL-NE NSC ONT QUE 74 ILL MIN WIS 75 CNT MAI MAS MIC NWH NWJ NWY PEN VER WVA; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
4Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
8Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
9Geographic variation in walnut seed size correlates with hoarding behaviour of two rodent species, N. Tamura and F. Hayashi, Ecol Res (2008) 23: 607–614
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Chippewa Nature Center
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access