Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus jeffreyi
 

Pinus jeffreyi (Jeffrey's pine; Jeffrey pine)

Synonyms: Pinus deflexa; Pinus jeffreyi var. baja-californica; Pinus jeffreyi var. deflexa; Pinus jeffreyi var. peninsularis; Pinus malletii; Pinus peninsularis; Pinus ponderosa subsp. jeffreyi; Pinus ponderosa var. jeffreyi; Pinus ponderosa var. malletii
Language: Cze; Fre; Ger; Hrv, Srp; Hun; Ita; Spa

Wikipedia Abstract

Jeffrey pine (Pinus jeffreyi) also known as Jeffrey's pine, yellow pine and black pine, is a North American pine tree. It is mainly found in California, but also in the westernmost part of Nevada, southwestern Oregon, and northern Baja California. It is named in honor of its botanist documenter John Jeffrey.
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus jeffreyi

Attributes

Height [1]  65 feet (19.8 m)
Width [1]  37 feet (11.4 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Porous
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Low
Flower Color [2]  Brown
Foliage Color [2]  Dark Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Frost Free Days [2]  4 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Janka Hardness [4]  500 lbf (227 kgf) Very Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  3.3 feet (102 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  3200 / lb (7055 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.42
Structure [3]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None

Predators

Ernobius melanoventris[6]
Ernobius montanus[6]
Hapleginella conicola[6]
Leptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)[6]
Matsucoccus bisetosus[7]
Matsucoccus californicus[7]
Neophasia menapia (Pine butterfly)[8]
Puto laticribellum (pine bark mealybug)[7]
Sphyrapicus thyroideus (Williamson's Sapsucker)[9]
Tamias amoenus (yellow-pine chipmunk)[10]
Tamias speciosus (lodgepole chipmunk)[11]
Tamiasciurus mearnsi (Mearns's squirrel)[12]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Arceuthobium campylopodum (western dwarf mistletoe)[8]
Chrysophana placida[8]
Parataenia chrysochlora (golden buprestid)[8]

Distribution

U.S.A.: California, W Nevada, S Oregon; Mexico: Baja California Norte. TDWG: 73 ORE 76 CAL NEV 79 MXN-BC; USA: California, W Nevada, S Oregon; Mexico: Baja California Norte.. TDWG: 73 ORE 76 CAL NEV 79 MXN-BC;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
6Negron, Jose F. 1995. Cone and Seed Insects Associated with Piñon Pine. In: Shaw, Douglas W.; Aldon, Earl F.; LoSapio, Carol, technical coordinators. Desired future conditions for piñon- juniper ecosystems: Proceedings of the symposium; 1994 August 8-12; Flagstaff, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-258. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 97-106.
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
10Geographic variation in walnut seed size correlates with hoarding behaviour of two rodent species, N. Tamura and F. Hayashi, Ecol Res (2008) 23: 607–614
11Tamias speciosus, Troy L. Best, Robin G. Clawson, and Joseph A. Clawson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 478, pp. 1-9 (1994)
12ECOLOGY OF THE ENDEMIC MEARNS’S SQUIRREL (TAMIASCIURUS MEARNSI) IN BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO, Nicolas Ramos-Lara, Dissertation, UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA (2012)
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access