Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus > Pinus monophylla

Pinus monophylla (Singleleaf Pinyon pine; California pine; singleleaf pinyon; Singleleaf pine)

Synonyms: Caryopitys monophylla; Pinus californiarum; Pinus californiarum subsp. fallax; Pinus cembroides subsp. monophylla; Pinus cembroides var. monophylla; Pinus edulis var. fallax; Pinus edulis var. monophylla; Pinus fallax; Pinus fremontiana; Pinus monophylla var. californiarum; Pinus monophylla var. fallax
Language: Chi; Fre; Ger; Hun; Rus; Spa

Wikipedia Abstract

Pinus monophylla, (single-leaf pinyon), is a pine in the pinyon pine group, native to the United States and northwest Mexico. The range is in southernmost Idaho, western Utah, Arizona, southwest New Mexico, Nevada, eastern and southern California and northern Baja California.It occurs at moderate altitudes from 1,200-metre (3,900 ft) - 2,300-metre (7,500 ft), rarely as low as 950-metre (3,120 ft) and as high as 2,900-metre (9,500 ft).
View Wikipedia Record: Pinus monophylla


Height [1]  44 feet (13.3 m)
Width [1]  31 feet (9.3 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Moderate
Shade Percentage [1]  83 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Bloom Period [2]  Mid Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Fire Tolerance [2]  Low
Frost Free Days [2]  5 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Slow
Hazards [2]  Slight Toxicity
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  3.3 feet (102 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [2]  Low
Seeds Per [2]  1110 / lb (2447 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Rounded
Specific Gravity [4]  0.47
Structure [3]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Slow

Emblem of



Desmococcus captivus[5]
Desmococcus sedentarius[5]
Dioryctria albovittella[6]
Dysmicoccus pinicolus (McKenzie pine mealybug)[5]
Ernobius montanus[6]
Matsucoccus acalyptus[5]
Matsucoccus monophyllae[5]
Patagioenas fasciata (Band-tailed Pigeon)[7]
Tamias umbrinus (Uinta chipmunk)[8]


Parasitized by 
Chrysophana placida[7]


U.S.A.: Arizona, California, Idaho, Nevada, Utah; NW Mexico: Baja California Norte. TDWG: 73 COL IDA 76 ARI CAL NEV UTA 79 MXN-BC; USA: Arizona, California, Idaho, Nevada, Utah; NW Mexico: Baja California Norte.. TDWG: 73 COL IDA 76 ARI CAL NEV UTA 79 MXN-BC;



Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 4Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service 5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 6Negron, Jose F. 1995. Cone and Seed Insects Associated with Piñon Pine. In: Shaw, Douglas W.; Aldon, Earl F.; LoSapio, Carol, technical coordinators. Desired future conditions for piñon- juniper ecosystems: Proceedings of the symposium; 1994 August 8-12; Flagstaff, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-258. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 97-106. 7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 8Tamias umbrinus (Rodentia: Sciuridae), JANET K. BRAUN, AUBREY A. JOHNSON, AND MICHAEL A. MARES, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 43(889):216–227 (2011)
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