Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Diptera > Cecidomyiidae > Mayetiola > Mayetiola destructor
 

Mayetiola destructor (hessian fly)

Synonyms: Cecidomyia culmicola; Cecidomyia frumentaria; Cecidomyia secalina; Mayetiola orientalis; Mayetiola secalis; Phytophaga cerealis; Rhabdophaga elymi; Rhabdophaga pratensis

Wikipedia Abstract

The Hessian fly or barley midge, Mayetiola destructor, is a species of fly that is a significant pest of cereal crops including wheat, barley and rye. Though a native of Asia it was transported into Europe and later into North America, supposedly in the straw bedding of Hessian troops during the American Revolution (1775–83). There are usually two generations a year but may be up to five.
View Wikipedia Record: Mayetiola destructor

Prey / Diet

Aegilops cylindrica (jointed goat grass)[1]
Aegilops geniculata (ovate goatgrass)[1]
Aegilops triuncialis (barb goatgrass)[1]
Aegilops ventricosa (barbed goatgrass)[1]
Avena sativa (oats)[1]
Cynodon dactylon (manienie)[1]
Elymus californicus (California bottlebrush grass)[1]
Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)[1]
Elymus repens (quackgrass)[1]
Hordeum bulbosum (bulbous barley)[1]
Hordeum jubatum (foxtail barley)[1]
Hordeum marinum (seaside barley)[1]
Hordeum murinum (mouse barley)[1]
Hordeum secalinum (Meadow Barley)[1]
Hordeum spontaneum (spontaneous barley)[1]
Phleum pratense (common timothy)[1]
Secale cereale (common rye)[1]
Triticum aestivum (common wheat)[1]
Triticum aestivum subsp. spelta (spelt)[1]
Triticum compactum (clubed wheat)[1]
Triticum turgidum (rivet wheat)[1]
Triticum turgidum subsp. dicoccum (emmer)[1]
Triticum turgidum subsp. durum (durum wheat)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Ammodramus bairdii (Baird's Sparrow)1
Anas acuta (Northern Pintail)3
Bison bison (American bison)1
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)1
Capsus ater2
Contarinia geniculati1
Dipodomys elator (Texas kangaroo rat)1
Frankliniella tenuicornis2
Geomys attwateri (Attwater's pocket gopher)1
Geomys breviceps (Baird's pocket gopher)1
Leptopterna dolabrata (meadow plant bug)5
Lepus townsendii (White-tailed Jackrabbit)1
Lygus rugulipennis1
Marmota flaviventris (yellow-bellied marmot)2
Microtus pinetorum (woodland vole)1
Oulema melanopus (Cereal leaf beetle)1
Perognathus merriami (Merriam's pocket mouse)1
Phytocoris varipes1
Rhipidothrips gratiosus1
Stenotus binotatus (Two-spotted Grass Bug)1
Sylvilagus audubonii (Desert Cottontail)2
Sylvilagus bachmani (Brush Rabbit)1
Tayassu pecari (white-lipped peccary)1
Urocitellus columbianus (Columbian ground squirrel)1

Distribution

N.Amer.;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access