Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Diptera > Tephritidae > Ensina > Ensina sonchi
 

Ensina sonchi

Synonyms: Ensina chrysanthemi; Ensina doronici; Ensina herbarum; Ensina lactaepennis; Ensina lacteipennis; Ensina linariae; Ensina pratensis; Ensina scorzonerae; Musca subcutanea; Tephritis asteris; Tephritis sonchi; Trypeta obsoleta

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Dungeness 7966 England, United Kingdom
Sidmouth to West Bay 2217 England, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Thorne Moor 4718 England, United Kingdom

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Carduus macrocephalus[1]
Carduus nutans[2]
Cichorium intybus (chicory)[2]
Cirsium arvense (Creeping Thistle)[3]
Cirsium vulgare (Spear Thistle)[3]
Crepis biennis[2]
Helminthotheca echioides (bristly ox-tongue)[2]
Hieracium umbellatum[3]
Homogyne alpina (Alpine coltsfoot)[2]
Jacobaea vulgaris[3]
Lactuca serriola (Wild Lettuce)[2]
Leontodon hispidus[2]
Leontodon hispidus subsp. hastilis (Rough Hawkbit)[1]
Picris angustifolia subsp. angustifolia (Hawkweed Oxtongue)[2]
Scorzoneroides autumnalis[2]
Senecio vulgaris[3]
Sonchus arvensis (Corn Sow Thistle)[2]
Sonchus arvensis subsp. uliginosus (Corn Sow Thistle)[1]
Sonchus asper[2]
Sonchus glaucescens[3]
Sonchus oleraceus[3]
Sonchus palustris (Marsh Sowthistle)[2]
Tanacetum bipinnatum subsp. bipinnatum (Tansy)[3]
Taraxacum campylodes[3]
Tragopogon porrifolius[2]
Tragopogon pratensis (Showy Goat's-beard)[1]
Tripolium pannonicum (sea aster)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aphrophora alni (Alder Spittle Bug)2
Apis mellifera (honey bee)4
Arctia villica (Cream-spot Tiger)2
Autographa bractea (Gold Spangle)2
Autographa gamma (Silver Y Moth)4
Botanophila sonchi2
Cassida rubiginosa (Thistle Tortoise Beetle)3
Cerapteryx graminis (antler moth)2
Cerastis rubricosa (Red Chestnut)2
Chaetostomella cylindrica3
Cheilosia variabilis2
Cnephasia incertana (Light Grey Tortrix Moth)3
Cnephasia stephensiana (Grey Tortrix Moth)4
Coscinia cribraria (Speckled Footman)2
Craspedolepta sonchi2
Cucullia umbratica (Shark)2
Dilophus febrilis (Fever Fly)2
Epiblema scutulana3
Episyrphus balteatus (Marmelade Fly)3
Eristalis arbustorum3
Eupeodes luniger3
Forficula auricularia (European earwig)3
Hecatera bicolorata2
Helina reversio3
Helophilus pendulus (Striped Hover Fly)2
Helophilus trivittatus (Sun Fly)2
Hoplodrina ambigua (Vine’s Rustic)2
Idaea emarginata (Small Scallop)2
Larinus planus3
Lycaena phlaeas (Small Copper Butterfly)3
Melanagromyza aeneoventris2
Meliscaeva cinctella2
Neoascia podagrica2
Orthochaetes setiger3
Parasemia plantaginis (Wood Tiger Moth)2
Polymixis flavicincta (Large Ranunculus)2
Rhingia campestris2
Rhyacia simulans (Dotted Rustic)2
Sarcophaga carnaria (Camouflaged Flesh Fly)3
Scaeva pyrastri3
Scopula imitaria (Small Blood-vein)2
Scrobipalpa acuminatella3
Sericomyia silentis2
Siphona cristata2
Sphaerophoria scripta2
Sphenella marginata3
Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm)2
Stenurella melanura2
Tanymecus palliatus2
Tephritis formosa (Gall Fly)2
Terellia serratulae2
Terellia tussilaginis2
Tyria jacobaeae (cinnabar moth)2
Urophora stylata (Spear Thistle Gall Fly)3
Xanthorhoe ferrugata (red twin spot)2
Xyphosia miliaria3

Providers

Parasite of 
Hieracium umbellatum (Leafy Hawkweed)[3]
Jacobaea vulgaris (Ragwort)[3]
Senecio vulgaris (Groundsel)[3]
Sonchus glaucescens (Prickly Sow-Thistle)[3]
Sonchus oleraceus (Smooth Sow-Thistle)[3]
Taraxacum campylodes (Dandelion)[3]

Consumers

Pollinator of 
Tanacetum bipinnatum subsp. bipinnatum (Tansy)[3]
Youngia japonica (Oriental false hawksbeard)[2]

Distribution

Britain & Scandinavia S to North Africa, E to Japan; introduced Eth iopia, Taiwan, Philippines, Hawaii;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Ecology of Commanster
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access