Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Magnoliales > Annonaceae > Annona > Annona muricata
 

Annona muricata (soursop)

Synonyms: Annona bonplandiana; Annona cearaensis; Annona muricata borinquensis; Annona muricata mirabilis; Annona portoricensis; Guanabanus muricatus

Wikipedia Abstract

The Soursop is a broadleaf, flowering, evergreen tree native to Mexico, Cuba, Central America, the Caribbean and northern South America: Colombia, Brazil, Peru, and Venezuela. Soursop is also native to sub-Saharan African countries that lie within the tropics. Today, it is also grown in some areas of Southeast Asia. It was most likely brought from Mexico to the Philippines by way of the Manila-Acapulco galleon trade. It is in the same genus as the chirimoya and the same family as the pawpaw.
View Wikipedia Record: Annona muricata

Attributes

Height [1]  20 feet (6.1 m)
Width [1]  20 feet (6.1 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  90 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  High to Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Green
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Summer
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Fire Tolerance [2]  None
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Fall
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Year Round
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  5.0 feet (152 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [4]  0.36
Structure [3]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  

Predators

Abgrallaspis cyanophylli (cyanophyllum scale)[5]
Acutaspis paulista[5]
Africonidia africana[5]
Afrotachardina brachysetosa[5]
Afrotachardina longisetosa[5]
Anastrepha fraterculus[6]
Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)[6]
Anastrepha striata[6]
Anonaepestis bengalella[7]
Anthococcus keravatae[5]
Aonidiella comperei (Compere scale)[5]
Archips solida[7]
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)[8]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[5]
Astrothrips tumiceps <Unverified Name>[9]
Attacus atlas (Atlas moth)[7]
Cerconota anonella[7]
Ceroplastes deodorensis[5]
Ceroplastes quadrilineatus[5]
Ceroplastes rusci (barnacle wax scale)[5]
Ceroplastodes ritchiei[5]
Chaetocneme critomedia (Banded Red-eye)[9]
Chrysomphalus aonidum (circular black scale)[10]
Coccus celatus[5]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[5]
Cocytius antaeus (Giant sphinx)[7]
Crypticerya multicerarices <Unverified Name>[5]
Cryptoblabes gnidiella[7]
Delias hyparete (Painted jezebel butterfly)[7]
Dirphia avia[7]
Drepanococcus chiton[5]
Dyscophellus ramusis[7]
Dyscophellus sebaldus[7]
Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)[5]
Dysmicoccus lepelleyi <Unverified Name>[5]
Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (annona mealybug)[5]
Dysmicoccus viatorius <Unverified Name>[5]
Eucalymnatus tessellatus (tessellated scale)[5]
Euglyphis lascoria[7]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[5]
Formicococcus njalensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Gnathmocerodes lecythocera[7]
Graphium agamemnon (Tailed jay swallowtail)[7]
Graphium angolanus (Jay swallowtail)[7]
Graphium eurypylus (Pale green triangle butterfly)[9]
Graphium macfarlanei (Green Triangle Butterfly)[7]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[10]
Homona bakeri[7]
Howardia biclavis (mining scale)[5]
Icerya samaraia <Unverified Name>[5]
Ischnaspis longirostris (black line scale)[5]
Laingiococcus painei[5]
Lyonetia pyrrhoplaca[7]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[5]
Meganoton rufescens[7]
Milviscutulus mangiferae (mango shield scale)[5]
Nipaecoccus guazumae[5]
Nipaecoccus nipae (coconut mealybug)[5]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[5]
Oenomaus ortygnus[7]
Olene inclusa[7]
Omphalocera cariosa[7]
Orgyia osseata[7]
Orvasca limbata[7]
Paracoccus marginatus[5]
Paralecanium milleri[5]
Parasa lepida (Nettle Caterpillar)[7]
Parasaissetia nigra (nigra scale)[10]
Parastictococcus anonae[5]
Parastictococcus hargreavesi[5]
Parastictococcus multispinosus[5]
Parlatoria cinerea (apple parlatoria)[5]
Phenacoccus hurdi (hurd phenacoccus mealybug)[5]
Philephedra tuberculosa[5]
Phyllostomus hastatus (greater spear-nosed bat)[11]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[5]
Planococcus lilacinus (citrus mealybug)[5]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[5]
Protambulyx strigilis[7]
Pseudococcus cryptus (citriculus mealybug)[5]
Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (banana mealybug)[5]
Pseudococcus occiduus[5]
Rastrococcus invadens (Mango mealybug)[5]
Rastrococcus spinosus (philippine mango mealybug)[5]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[5]
Saissetia neglecta (Caribbean black scale)[5]
Salatis fulvius[7]
Sandrabatis phaeella[7]
Selenaspidus articulatus (rufous scale)[10]
Spinaspidiotus fissidens[5]
Stenoma leucana[7]
Stictococcus formicarius[5]
Sycacantha hilarograpta[7]
Sycacantha inodes[7]
Trijuba oculata[5]
Unaspis citri (citrus snow scale)[5]
Waxiella ugandae[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Criconema mutabile <Unverified Name>[9]
Helicotylenchus dihystera <Unverified Name>[9]

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Rainer H. in prep., 2011-12-07, AnnonBase: Annonaceae GSD in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 4Jérôme Chave, Helene C. Muller-Landau, Timothy R. Baker, Tomás A. Easdale, Hans ter Steege, Campbell O. Webb, 2006. Regional and phylogenetic variation of wood density across 2,456 neotropical tree species. Ecological Applications 16(6), 2356 - 2367 5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 6Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004. 7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 8Artibeus jamaicensis, Jorge Ortega and Iván Castro-Arellano, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 662, pp. 1–9 (2001) 9Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19 10Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 11Phyllostomus hastatus, Mery Santos, Luis F. Aguirre, Luis B. Vázquez, and Jorge Ortega, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 722, pp. 1–6 (2003)
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access