Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Magnoliales > Annonaceae > Annona > Annona reticulata
 

Annona reticulata (custard apple)

Synonyms: Annona excelsa; Annona laevis; Annona longifolia; Annona lutescens; Annona micrantha; Annona riparia

Wikipedia Abstract

Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae.It is best known for its fruit, called custard apple, a common name it shares with fruits of several other species in the same genus: A. cherimola and A. squamosa or sometimes it is called wild-sweetsop, bull's heart, bullock's-heart, or ox-heart. The flavor of the fruit is sweet and pleasant, but less popular than that of A. cherimola.
View Wikipedia Record: Annona reticulata

Attributes

Height [1]  37 feet (11.4 m)
Width [1]  20 feet (6.1 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  90 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  High to Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Green
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Red
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Summer
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Fall
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Spring
Growth Form [2]  Single Crown
Growth Period [2]  Year Round
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  36 inches (91 cm)
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Shape/Orientation [2]  Irregular
Specific Gravity [3]  0.55
Structure [4]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Barra Honda National Park II 5689 Costa Rica  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Santa Rosa National Park II 95780 Costa Rica
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  

Predators

Abgrallaspis cyanophylli (cyanophyllum scale)[5]
Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)[6]
Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)[6]
Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)[6]
Anonaepestis bengalella[7]
Aspidiotus commelinae <Unverified Name>[5]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[5]
Atta cephalotes (Leafcutter ant)[8]
Birgus latro (coconut crab)[9]
Cerconota anonella[7]
Ceroplastes deodorensis[5]
Chaetocneme beata (Common Red-Eye)[10]
Chaetocneme critomedia (Banded Red-eye)[10]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[5]
Cryptophlebia leucotreta[11]
Darna trima[7]
Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (annona mealybug)[5]
Eulemur macaco (black lemur)[12]
Euzophera sagax[7]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[5]
Fiorinia fioriniae (European fiorinia scale)[5]
Graphium agamemnon (Tailed jay swallowtail)[7]
Graphium eurypylus (Pale green triangle butterfly)[10]
Graphium macfarlanei (Green Triangle Butterfly)[7]
Graphium sarpedon (Green triangle butterfly)[7]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[5]
Howardia biclavis (mining scale)[5]
Ischnaspis longirostris (black line scale)[5]
Lagosinia aristolochiae[5]
Lagosinia strachani[5]
Lepidosaphes gloverii (citrus long scale)[5]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[5]
Nipaecoccus filamentosus[5]
Nipaecoccus nipae (coconut mealybug)[5]
Philephedra tuberculosa[5]
Pinnaspis aspidistrae <Unverified Name>[5]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[5]
Planococcus lilacinus (citrus mealybug)[5]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[5]
Prepona demophon[7]
Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (gingging scale)[5]
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)[13]
Pteropus niger (greater mascarene flying fox)[11]
Pulvinarisca jacksoni[5]
Rastrococcus invadens (Mango mealybug)[5]
Rousettus leschenaultii (Leschenault's rousette)[13]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[5]
Stictococcus formicarius[5]
Trijuba oculata[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Helicotylenchus dihystera <Unverified Name>[10]

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Jérôme Chave, Helene C. Muller-Landau, Timothy R. Baker, Tomás A. Easdale, Hans ter Steege, Campbell O. Webb, 2006. Regional and phylogenetic variation of wood density across 2,456 neotropical tree species. Ecological Applications 16(6), 2356 - 2367
4Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Host-plant selection, diet diversity, and optimal foraging in a tropical leafcutting ant, L.L. Rockwood and S.P. Hubbell, Oecologia (Berlin) (1987) 74:55-61
9Dietary assimilation and the digestive strategy of the omnivorous anomuran land crab Birgus latro (Coenobitidae); Joanne E. Wilde, Stuart M. Linton, Peter Greenaway; J Comp Physiol B (2004) 174: 299–308
10Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
11Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
12Diet, Nutritional Ecology, and Birth Season of Eulemur macaco in an Anthropogenic Forest in Madagascar, Bruno Simmen & Françoise Bayart & André Marez & Annette Hladik, Int J Primatol (2007) 28:1253–1266
13Sudhakaran, M.R. & P.S. Doss (2012). Food and foraging preferences of three pteropo- did bats in southern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(1): 2295-2303
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access