Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Magnoliales > Annonaceae > Cananga > Cananga odorata

Cananga odorata (ilang-ilang)

Synonyms: Canangium mitrastigma; Canangium odoratum; Canangium scortechinii; Fitzgeraldia mitrastigma; Unona cananga; Unona leptopetala; Unona odorata; Unona odoratissima; Unona ossea; Uvaria axillaris; Uvaria cananga; Uvaria farcta; Uvaria gaertneri; Uvaria hortensis; Uvaria javanica; Uvaria odorata; Uvaria ossea; Uvaria subcordata; Uvaria trifoliata; Uvaria undulata

Wikipedia Abstract

Cananga odorata, known as the cananga tree (Indonesian: kenanga, Balinese: sandat, Acehnese: seulanga, Filipino: ilang-ilang, Ilocano: allangigan), is a tropical tree that originates in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines. It is valued for the perfume extracted from its flowers, called ylang-ylang /ˈiːlæŋ ˈiːlæŋ/ EE-lang-EE-lang (a name also sometimes used for the tree itself), which is an essential oil used in aromatherapy. The tree is also called the fragrant cananga, Macassar-oil plant, or perfume tree. Traditional Polynesian names include Mata‘oi (Cook Islands), Mohokoi (Tonga), Moso‘oi (Samoa), Moto‘oi (Hawai), Mokosoi/Mokasoi/Mokohoi (Fiji).
View Wikipedia Record: Cananga odorata



Height [1]  37 feet (11.4 m)
Width [1]  30 feet (9.1 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  91 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  High to Moderate
Janka Hardness [3]  330 lbf (150 kgf) Very Soft
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [4]  Perennial
Specific Gravity [3]  0.368
Structure [2]  Tree


Aplonis grandis (Brown-winged Starling)[5]
Ceroplastes eugeniae[6]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[6]
Epiplema conflictaria[7]
Indarbela quadrinotata[8]
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)[9]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[6]
Olene mendosa[8]
Parasa canangae[7]
Parasa herbifera[7]
Parastictococcus anonae[6]
Penelopides exarhatus (Sulawesi Hornbill)[5]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[6]
Planococcus lilacinus (citrus mealybug)[6]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[6]
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)[9]
Prococcus acutissimus (banana-shaped scale)[6]
Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (false oleander scale)[6]
Psilogramma menephron (Australian privet hawk moth)[7]
Pteropus samoensis (Samoa Flying Fox)[10]
Ptilinopus chalcurus (Makatea Fruit Dove)[5]
Ptilinopus purpuratus (Grey-green Fruit Dove)[5]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[6]
Pteropus tonganus (Pacific flying fox)[11]


Shelter for 
Pteropus tonganus (Pacific flying fox)[11]



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
4USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
5del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Fruit Preferences of Four Sympatric Primate Species at Ketambe, Northern Sumatra, Indonesia, Peter S. Ungar, International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 16, No. 2, 1995
10Pteropus samoensis, Sandra Anne Banack, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 661, pp. 1–4 (2001)
11Pteropus tonganus, Carrie A. Miller and Don E. Wilson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 552, pp. 1-6 (1997)
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access