Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Magnoliales > Annonaceae > Cananga > Cananga odorata

Cananga odorata (ilang-ilang)

Synonyms: Canangium mitrastigma; Canangium odoratum; Canangium scortechinii; Fitzgeraldia mitrastigma; Unona cananga; Unona leptopetala; Unona odorata; Unona odoratissima; Unona ossea; Uvaria axillaris; Uvaria cananga; Uvaria farcta; Uvaria gaertneri; Uvaria hortensis; Uvaria javanica; Uvaria odorata; Uvaria ossea; Uvaria subcordata; Uvaria trifoliata; Uvaria undulata

Wikipedia Abstract

Cananga odorata, commonly called ylang-ylang, cananga tree, ilang-ilang, kenanga (Indonesian), fragrant cananga, Macassar-oil plant or perfume tree, is a tree valued for its perfume. The essential oil derived from the flowers is used in aromatherapy. Artabotrys odoratissimus, ylang-ylang vine, and Artabotrys hexapetalus, climbing ylang-ylang, are woody, evergreen climbing plants in the same family; A. odoratissimus is also a source of perfume.
View Wikipedia Record: Cananga odorata



Height [1]  37 feet (11.4 m)
Width [1]  30 feet (9.1 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  91 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  High to Moderate
Janka Hardness [3]  330 lbf (150 kgf) Very Soft
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [4]  Perennial
Specific Gravity [3]  0.368
Structure [2]  Tree


Ceroplastes eugeniae[5]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[5]
Epiplema conflictaria[6]
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)[7]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[5]
Parasa canangae[6]
Parasa herbifera[6]
Parastictococcus anonae[5]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[5]
Planococcus lilacinus (citrus mealybug)[5]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[5]
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)[7]
Prococcus acutissimus (banana-shaped scale)[5]
Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (false oleander scale)[5]
Psilogramma menephron (Australian privet hawk moth)[6]
Pteropus samoensis (Samoa Flying Fox)[8]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[5]
Pteropus tonganus (Pacific flying fox)[9]


Shelter for 
Pteropus tonganus (Pacific flying fox)[9]



Species recognized by Turner, I. M., 2011-12-20, AnnonBase: Annonaceae GSD in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts 4USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 7Fruit Preferences of Four Sympatric Primate Species at Ketambe, Northern Sumatra, Indonesia, Peter S. Ungar, International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 16, No. 2, 1995 8Pteropus samoensis, Sandra Anne Banack, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 661, pp. 1–4 (2001) 9Pteropus tonganus, Carrie A. Miller and Don E. Wilson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 552, pp. 1-6 (1997)
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access