Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Limanda > Limanda limanda
 

Limanda limanda (Sand dab; Garve fluke; Garve; Flounder; Dab; Common dab)

Synonyms: Liopsetta limanda; Pleuronectes limanda; Pleuronectes limandula
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Wikipedia Abstract

The common dab (Limanda limanda) is an edible flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae. It is a demersal fish native to shallow seas around Northern Europe, in particular the North Sea, where it lives on sandy bottoms down to depths of about 100 metres (330 ft). It can reach 40 centimetres (16 in) in length and can weigh up to 1 kilogram (2.2 lb), though most specimens grow no longer than 30 centimetres (12 in).
View Wikipedia Record: Limanda limanda

Attributes

Migration [2]  Migratory
Water Biome [1]  Benthic, Coastal

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Flamborough Head 15597 England, United Kingdom  
Loch Laxford 3018 Scotland, United Kingdom
Loch nam Madadh 5734 Scotland, United Kingdom
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Margate and Long Sands 160406 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
The Vadills 154 Scotland, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Abra alba (white furrow shell)[3]
Abra nitida[3]
Abra prismatica[3]
Acartia clausi[3]
Acartia longiremis[3]
Actinia equina (Scarlet anemone)[3]
Aequipecten opercularis (Scallop)[3]
Alcyonidium gelatinosum (Klammer Moostierchen)[3]
Alloteuthis media (little squid)[3]
Amathia lendigera (neetmosdiertje)[3]
Ampelisca brevicornis[3]
Ampharete grubei[3]
Amphiura filiformis (brittlestar)[3]
Angulus fabula[3]
Antedon bifida[3]
Apherusa bispinosa[3]
Aphrodita aculeata (Sea mouse)[3]
Arctica islandica (Cyprine)[3]
Arenicola marina (arénicole)[3]
Argissa hamatipes[3]
Asterias rubens (Starfish)[3]
Atylus falcatus[3]
Atylus swammerdami[3]
Bathyporeia pelagica[3]
Beroe cucumis[3]
Bodotria scorpioides[3]
Buccinum undatum (common whelk)[3]
Buglossidium luteum (Yellow sole)[3]
Calanus finmarchicus[3]
Callianassa subterranea (mud shrimp)[3]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[3]
Calocaris macandreae[3]
Cancer pagurus (Rock crab)[3]
Canuella perplexa[3]
Capitella capitata (Threadworm)[3]
Caprella monocera[3]
Carcinus maenas (green crab)[3]
Centropages typicus[3]
Cerastoderma edule (Common cockle)[3]
Cerianthus lloydii[3]
Chamelea gallina (Striped venus)[3]
Cheirocratus intermedius[3]
Chone infundibuliformis[3]
Clausinella fasciata (banded venus)[3]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[3]
Corbula gibba (basket shell)[3]
Corophium volutator (mud shrimp)[3]
Corycaeus anglicus[3]
Corystes cassivelaunus (masked crab)[3]
Crangon allmanni[3]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[3]
Crossaster papposus (spiny sun star, common sun star)[3]
Cylichna cylindracea[3]
Dendronotus frondosus (frond-aeolis)[3]
Donax vittatus (banded wedge-shell)[3]
Dosinia exoleta (Mature dosinia)[3]
Dulichia falcata[3]
Echinocardium cordatum (Heart urchin)[3]
Echinocyamus pusillus (green sea urchin)[3]
Echiurus echiurus (Echiurud worm)[3]
Ensis ensis (Pod razor)[3]
Ensis siliqua (Sword razor)[3]
Eulalia viridis (groene bladkieuwworm)[3]
Eurytemora velox[3]
Euspira catena (Chained moon-shell)[3]
Euspira pulchella (common necklace shell)[3]
Euterpina acutifrons[3]
Fenestraria rhopalophylla (babies toes)[3]
Galathea intermedia[3]
Gammaropsis nitida[3]
Gammarus locusta[3]
Gari fervensis (Faroe sunset shell)[3]
Gastrana fragilis[3]
Gastrosaccus spinifer[3]
Gnathia maxillaris[3]
Golfingia vulgaris[3]
Goneplax rhomboides (angular crab)[3]
Gonothyraea loveni (Hydroid)[3]
Gymnammodytes semisquamatus (smoothed sandeel)[3]
Halectinosoma curticorne[3]
Halicryptus spinulosus[3]
Haploops tubicola[3]
Harmothoe impar[3]
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)[3]
Hiatella arctica (Arctic hiatella)[3]
Hippolyte varians[3]
Hyas araneus (Atlantic lyre crab)[3]
Hydrallmania falcata (sickle hydroid)[3]
Idotea balthica (gewone zeepissebed)[3]
Idotea emarginata[3]
Idotea linearis (smalle zeepissebed)[3]
Inachus leptochirus[3]
Kefersteinia cirrata[3]
Kurtiella bidentata[3]
Lacuna pallidula (pale lacuna)[3]
Lagis koreni (Köcherwurm)[3]
Lanice conchilega (schelpkokerworm)[3]
Leptognathioides polita[3]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[3]
Lineus bilineatus[3]
Liocarcinus depurator (harbour crab)[3]
Liocarcinus holsatus (flying crab)[3]
Liocarcinus marmoreus (marbled swimming crab)[3]
Liocarcinus pusillus (dwarf swimming crab)[3]
Littorina saxatilis (rough periwinkle)[3]
Longipedia minor[3]
Macropodia rostrata (common spider crab)[3]
Mactra stultorum (rayed trough shell)[3]
Melinna palmata[3]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[3]
Metridia lucens[3]
Micromelo undatus (miniature melo)[3]
Microprotopus maculatus[3]
Microsetella norvegica[3]
Micrura purpurea[3]
Moerella donacina[3]
Mya arenaria (Clam)[3]
Mytilus edulis (Blue mussel)[3]
Natatolana borealis[3]
Neomysis integer[3]
Nephrops norvegicus (Norway lobster)[3]
Nucula nitidosa[3]
Nucula nucleus (common nut clam)[3]
Nuculana minuta (minute nutclam)[3]
Obelia geniculata (knotted thread hydroid)[3]
Obelia longissima[3]
Oikopleura dioica[3]
Oithona helgolandica[3]
Ophelia limacina (ophélie)[3]
Ophiacantha bidentata[3]
Ophiopholis aculeata (daisy brittle star)[3]
Ophiothrix fragilis (common brittlestar)[3]
Ophiura albida (brittlestar)[4]
Ophiura ophiura (serpent star)[3]
Owenia fusiformis (Roofing worm)[3]
Pagurus bernhardus (Bernhard's hermit crab)[3]
Pagurus cuanensis[3]
Pagurus pubescens[3]
Palinurus elephas (common spiny lobster)[3]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[3]
Pandalus montagui (Aesop shrimp)[3]
Paracalanus parvus[3]
Parapleustes bicuspis[3]
Pariambus typicus[4]
Pelonaia corrugata[3]
Perinereis cultrifera (ragworm)[3]
Philine aperta (sand slug)[3]
Philine scabra[3]
Photis longicaudata[3]
Phtisica marina[3]
Pinnotheres pisum (pea crab)[3]
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)[3]
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)[3]
Podon intermedius[3]
Polydora hoplura[3]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[3]
Pontophilus spinosus (spiny lobster)[3]
Porcellana longicornis (long-clawed porcelain crab)[3]
Praunus flexuosus (chameleon shrimp)[3]
Processa canaliculata (processa shrimp)[3]
Pseudocalanus elongatus[3]
Pseudocalanus minutus[3]
Pseudocuma longicorne[3]
Pseudopotamilla reniformis[3]
Pycnogonum littorale (Anemone sea spider)[3]
Quinqueloculina seminula[3]
Rossia palpebrosa (warty bobtail squid)[3]
Sabella pavonina (slijkkokerworm)[3]
Sabellaria spinulosa (Ross worm)[3]
Sagartiogeton undatus[3]
Scaphander lignarius (Woody Canoe-bubble)[3]
Schistomysis ornata[3]
Scoloplos armiger (wapenworm)[3]
Sepiola atlantica (Atlantic Bobtail)[3]
Serpula vermicularis (Plume worm)[3]
Siphonoecetes kroyeranus[3]
Spatangus purpureus (violet heart-urchin)[3]
Spirobranchus triqueter (Dreikantröhrenwurm)[3]
Spisula solida (Solid surf clam)[3]
Spisula subtruncata (cut trough shell)[3]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[3]
Stenothoe marina[3]
Sthenelais limicola[3]
Tellimya ferruginosa[3]
Temora longicornis[3]
Terebellides pacifica[3]
Thelepus cincinnatus[3]
Thyasira flexuosa (flexuose cleftclam)[3]
Timoclea ovata (oval venus)[3]
Tomopteris helgolandica (Plankton worm)[3]
Turritella communis[3]
Upogebia deltaura[3]
Urothoe elegans[3]
Virgularia mirabilis[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Arnoglossus laterna (Scald-fish)1
Bothus podas (Wide-eyed flounder)1
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)1

Predators

Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[3]
Chelidonichthys lucerna (Sapphirine gurnard)[3]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[3]
Conger conger (Conger)[3]
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)[3]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[3]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[3]
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)[3]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[3]
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)[3]
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)[3]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[3]
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)[3]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[3]
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)[3]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[3]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[3]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[3]
Molva molva (Ling)[3]
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Short-spined sea scorpion)[3]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[3]
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)[3]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[3]
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)[5]
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)[3]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[3]
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)[3]
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)[3]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[3]
Scophthalmus maximus (Turbot)[3]
Scophthalmus rhombus (Flounder)[3]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[3]
Solea solea (True sole)[3]
Somniosus microcephalus (gray shark)[3]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[3]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[6]
Squatina squatina (Shagreen)[3]
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)[3]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[3]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[3]

Providers

Parasite of 
Anisakis simplex[3]
Aporocotyle simplex[3]
Asymphylodora demeli[3]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[3]
Cryptocotyle lingua[3]
Derogenes varicus[3]
Diplocotyle olrikii[3]
Fellodistomum fellis[3]
Grillotia erinaceus[3]
Hemiurus communis[3]
Hemiurus levinseni[3]
Lecithaster gibbosus[3]
Monascus filiformis[3]
Neophasis anarrhichae[3]
Podocotyle atomon[3]
Podocotyle reflexa[3]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[3]
Proctoeces maculatus[3]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[3]
Stephanostomum baccatum[3]
Steringophorus furciger[3]
Steringotrema pagelli[3]
Zoogonoides viviparus[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Agamascaris septentrionalis <Unverified Name>[7]
Anisakis simplex[7]
Aporocotyle simplex[7]
Ascarophis pacifica <Unverified Name>[7]
Asymphylodora demeli[7]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[7]
Brachyphallus crenatus[7]
Cryptocotyle lingua[7]
Cucullanus heterochrous <Unverified Name>[7]
Derogenes varicus[7]
Diplocotyle olrikii[7]
Echinorhynchus gadi[7]
Fellodistomum fellis[7]
Grillotia erinaceus[7]
Hemiurus communis[7]
Hemiurus levinseni[7]
Hysterothylacium rigidum <Unverified Name>[7]
Lecithaster gibbosus[7]
Monascus filiformis[7]
Neophasis anarrhichae[7]
Podocotyle atomon[7]
Podocotyle reflexa[7]
Polymorphus minutus[7]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[7]
Proctoeces maculatus[7]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[7]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[7]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[7]
Stephanostomum baccatum[7]
Steringophorus furciger[7]
Steringotrema pagelli[7]
Zoogonoides viviparus[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Oresundsakvariet (Oresund Aquarium)
Rotterdam Zoo
Universeum Science Center

Distribution

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Denmark; Estonia; Faroe Plateau; Finland; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Iceland; Ireland; Isle of Man; Latvia; Lithuania; Netherlands; North Sea; Northeast Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Iceland and Norway; Barents and White seas; also Baltic Sea.; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Poland; Russian Federation; Spain; Sweden; United Kingdom;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4Hinz, H., Kröncke, I. and Ehrich, S. (2005), "The feeding strategy of dab Limanda limanda in the southern North Sea: linking stomach contents to prey availability in the environment". Journal of Fish Biology, 67: 125–145. 5THE DIET OF HARBOUR PORPOISE (PHOCOENA PHOCOENA) IN THE NORTHEAST ATLANTIC, M. B. SANTOS & G. J. PIERCE, Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 2003, 41, 355–390 6Yick, Jonah L., Adam Barnett, and Sean R. Tracey. "The trophic ecology of two abundant mesopredators in south-east coastal waters of Tasmania, Australia." Marine Biology 159.6 (2012): 1183+. Academic OneFile. Web. 14 July 2014. 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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