Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Rajiformes > Rajidae > Amblyraja > Amblyraja radiata
 

Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray; Thorny skate; Thorny back; Thornback; Starry skate; Miller; Maiden ray)

Synonyms: Raia americana; Raia scabrata; Raja radiata
Language: Danish; Dutch; Faroese; Finnish; French; German; Icelandic; Inuktitut; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

The thorny skate (Amblyraja radiata) is a species of fish in Rajidae family. It mainly lives near the bottom of the coastline of North Atlantic Ocean in depths ranging from 20 to 1000 metres and temperatures from 1 to 10 degrees Celsius. It was also located in Lake Melville, near Goose Bay, Labrador. Rivers empty into the lake and the lake bottom is mostly made up of sand. Thorny skates have been caught in this lake in the 1980s by ice fishermen when outside temperatures were -30 degrees C.
View Wikipedia Record: Amblyraja radiata

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  5.15 lbs (2.34 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  11 years
Male Maturity [1]  4 years
Litter Size [1]  31
Maximum Longevity [1]  16 years
Migration [2]  Migratory

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Norwegian Sea Drainages Norway, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Acanthonotozoma cristatum[3]
Acanthonotozoma inflatum[3]
Agonus cataphractus (Pogge)[3]
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[3]
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)[4]
Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[3]
Ammodytes tobianus (lesser sand eel)[3]
Ampelisca macrocephala[3]
Ampelisca odontoplax[3]
Anarhichas denticulatus (Northern wolffish)[3]
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)[3]
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)[3]
Anasimus latus (stilt spider crab)[3]
Anchoa spinifer (Spicule anchovy)[3]
Arctozenus risso (Spotted barracudina)[3]
Arnoglossus laterna (Scald-fish)[3]
Arrhis phyllonyx[3]
Artediellus uncinatus (Snowflake hookear)[3]
Aspidophoroides olrikii (Arctic alligatorfish)[3]
Astacilla longicornis[3]
Astarte arctica (Arctic astarte)[3]
Atelecyclus rotundatus (circular crab)[3]
Axius serratus (Shrimp)[5]
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)[3]
Brachynotus sexdentatus[3]
Brosme brosme (Tusk)[3]
Byblis serrata[5]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[3]
Callionymus maculatus (Spotted dragonet)[3]
Calocaris macandreae[6]
Carcinus maenas (green crab)[3]
Chionoecetes opilio (snow crab)[7]
Ciliata mustela (Rockling)[3]
Cirolana parva[3]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[4]
Clymenella torquata (Bamboo worm)[5]
Cottunculus microps (Polar sculpin)[3]
Crangon allmanni[3]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[3]
Crangon septemspinosa (sevenspine bay shrimp)[5]
Cryptacanthodes maculatus (Bastard cusk)[4]
Cucumaria frondosa (Orange-footed sea cucumber)[3]
Cyclopterus lumpus (Lumpsucker)[3]
Dichelopandalus leptocerus (bristled longbeak)[4]
Echiurus echiurus (Echiurud worm)[3]
Einhornia arctica[3]
Ericthonius rubricornis[5]
Erythrops erythrophthalma[5]
Eualus pusiolus (doll eualid)[5]
Eunice pennata[5]
Euphysa flammea[3]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[3]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[8]
Galathea dispersa[3]
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)[6]
Gonatus fabricii (boreoatlantic armhook squid)[3]
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)[3]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[8]
Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Halibut)[3]
Hippolyte zostericola (zostera shrimp)[3]
Hippomedon denticulatus[3]
Hippomedon serratus[5]
Hyas araneus (Atlantic lyre crab)[5]
Hyas coarctatus (Arctic lyre crab)[3]
Hyperoplus lanceolatus (greater sand eel)[3]
Iphinoe trispinosa[3]
Leptagonus decagonus (Sea poacher)[3]
Leptocheirus pinguis[5]
Leptoclinus maculatus (Daubed shanny)[4]
Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder)[3]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[3]
Liocarcinus depurator (harbour crab)[3]
Liocarcinus pusillus (dwarf swimming crab)[3]
Liparis gibbus (Dusky snailfish)[3]
Liparis montagui (Montagu's sea-snail)[3]
Lithodes maja (Norway king crab)[3]
Loxorhynchus crispatus (moss crab)[3]
Lumpenus lampretaeformis (serpent blenny)[3]
Lycodes esmarkii (Esmark's eelpout)[3]
Lycodes vahlii (Vahl's eelpout)[6]
Machaironyx muelleri[3]
Macropipus tuberculatus (portunid crab)[3]
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)[3]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[7]
Maurolicus muelleri (Silvery lightfish)[3]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[4]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[3]
Melita dentata[5]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[6]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[3]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[6]
Metridia longa[3]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[6]
Molva molva (Ling)[3]
Monoculodes edwardsi[5]
Munida sarsi[3]
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)[3]
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Short-spined sea scorpion)[3]
Mysis stenolepis[5]
Myxine glutinosa (Atlantic hagfish)[6]
Natatolana borealis[6]
Necora puber (velvet crab)[3]
Neomysis americana (Mysid shrimp)[5]
Nephtys incisa[5]
Orchomenella minuta[5]
Pagurus bernhardus (Bernhard's hermit crab)[3]
Pagurus bullisi[3]
Pagurus pubescens[5]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[6]
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)[3]
Paralithodes camtschaticus (red king crab)[3]
Peprilus triacanthus (Sheephead)[3]
Philocheras gorei[3]
Pholis gunnellus (Tissy)[3]
Phrynorhombus norvegicus (Norwegian topknot)[3]
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)[3]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[3]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[3]
Pontogeneia inermis[5]
Pontophilus echinulatus[3]
Pontophilus norvegicus (Norwegian shrimp)[6]
Pontophilus spinosus (spiny lobster)[3]
Priapulus caudatus (Priapulus)[3]
Processa hemphilli[3]
Psammonyx nobilis[5]
Pseudocuma longicorne[3]
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)[3]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[3]
Rossia palpebrosa (warty bobtail squid)[3]
Sabinea sarsii (Sars shrimp)[3]
Sabinea septemcarinata (sevenline shrimp)[3]
Schistomysis ornata[3]
Sclerocrangon boreas (sculptured shrimp)[3]
Scoletoma fragilis[5]
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)[3]
Sebastes mentella (Redfish)[3]
Sepiola atlantica (Atlantic Bobtail)[3]
Solea solea (True sole)[3]
Spirontocaris cranchi[3]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[3]
Sternaspis scutata[5]
Themisto abyssorum[3]
Themisto libellula[3]
Thysanoessa inermis[3]
Thysanoessa longicaudata[3]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[3]
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)[3]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[6]
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)[3]
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)[3]
Unciola leucopis[5]
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)[3]
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)[3]
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)[3]
Venustaconcha ellipsiformis (ellipse)[3]
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)3
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)4
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)3
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)2
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)3
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)6
Brosme brosme (Tusk)3
Cataetyx alleni (Allen's brotula)2
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)4
Citharichthys arctifrons (Gulf Stream flounder)2
Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Saddled grenadier)3
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)2
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)4
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)4
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)3
Gadus morhua (rock cod)5
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)3
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)2
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)3
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)4
Hemilepidotus jordani (Yellow Irish lord)2
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)2
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)4
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)2
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)4
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)5
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Atlantic White-sided Dolphin)2
Lagenorhynchus albirostris (White-beaked Dolphin)6
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)3
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)3
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)2
Lepophidium profundorum (Fawn cusk-eel)5
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)15
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)2
Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder)4
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)2
Lycodes frigidus (Glacial eelpout)2
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)4
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)12
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)5
Menticirrhus saxatilis (Northern kingfish)2
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)6
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)4
Morone americana (Wreckfish)2
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)2
Myoxocephalus aenaeus (Little sculpin)2
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)3
Ophichthus cruentifer (Snake eel)2
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)4
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)3
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)2
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)5
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)4
Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus (Alaska plaice)3
Pollachius virens (Sillock)5
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)2
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)2
Prionotus carolinus (Searobin)2
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)2
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)6
Raja clavata (Roker)2
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)2
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)3
Rajella lintea (Sharp-nosed skate)4
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)3
Scomber scombrus (Split)2
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)6
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)2
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)3
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)4
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)2
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)2
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)5
Uria aalge (Common Murre)6
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)8
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)3
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)2

Predators

Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[3]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[3]
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)[3]
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)[3]
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)[3]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[3]
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)[3]
Somniosus microcephalus (gray shark)[9]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[10]
Calicotyle kroyeri[10]
Capillaria khalili <Unverified Name>[10]
Capillaria schmidti <Unverified Name>[10]
Contracaecum plagiostomorum[10]
Dictyocotyle coeliaca[10]
Echeneibothrium affine[10]
Echeneibothrium canadensis[10]
Echeneibothrium dubium[10]
Echinorhynchus gadi[10]
Gonocerca phycidis[10]
Grillotia dollfusi[3]
Grillotia erinaceus[10]
Micropharynx parasitica <Unverified Name>[10]
Otodistomum cestoides[10]
Pseudacanthocotyla verrilli[10]
Pseudanisakis tricupola <Unverified Name>[10]
Pseudanthobothrium hanseni[10]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[10]
Rajonchocotyle batis[10]
Rajonchocotyle emarginata[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium du Quebec
Biodome de Montreal
Oresundsakvariet (Oresund Aquarium)

Distribution

Arctic Ocean; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Western Central; Baltic Sea; Barents Sea; Beaufort Sea; Belgium; Canada; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Channel Islands; Denmark; East Greenland Shelf/Sea; East Siberian Sea; Eastern Atlantic: Svalbard, Greenland and Iceland to the English Channel, including the North Sea (except southern part) and the western part of the Baltic; also off Cape Town, South Africa (Ref. 5578). Western Atlantic: Greenland and Hudson Bay, Canad; Eastern Atlantic: Svalbard, Greenland and Iceland to the English Channel, including the North Sea (except southern part) and the western part of the Baltic; also off Cape Town, South Africa (Ref. 5578). Western Atlantic: Greenland and Hudson Bay, Canada to South Carolina, USA (Ref. 7251).; England and Wales (UK); Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greenland; Hudson Bay; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Laptev Sea; Netherlands; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; North Sea; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Northern Ireland; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Poland; Russian Federation; Saint Pierre and Miquelon; Scotian Shelf; Scotland (UK); South Africa; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Sweden; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; West Greenland Shelf;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 5Thorny Skate, Amblyraja radiata, Life History and Habitat Characteristics, David B. Packer, Christine A. Zetlin, and Joseph J. Vitaliano, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-178 (2003) 6Distribution and feeding ecology of Raja radiata in the northeastern North Sea and Skagerrak (Norwegian Deep), J. E. Skjæraasen, and O. A. Bergstad, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57: 1249–1260. 2000 7Feeding Habits of Fish Species Distributed on the Grand Bank, Concepción González1, Xabier Paz, Esther Román, and María Hermida, NAFO SCR Doc. 06/31, Serial No. N5251 (2006) 8Feeding and Food Consumption by the Barents Sea Skates, A.V. Dolgov, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 35: 495–503 9McMeans, Bailey C., et al. "The role of Greenland sharks (Somniosus microcephalus) in an Arctic ecosystem: assessed via stable isotopes and fatty acids." Marine Biology 160.5 (2013): 1223+. Academic OneFile. Web. 14 July 2014. 10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access