Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Rajiformes > Rajidae > Leucoraja > Leucoraja ocellata
 

Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate; Winter big skate; Eyed skate; Big skate)

Synonyms: Raja ocellata
Language: Danish; Dutch; Finnish; French; Italian; Mandarin Chinese; Portuguese; Swedish

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Leucoraja ocellata

Attributes

Female Maturity [1]  11 years 6 months
Litter Size [1]  35
Maximum Longevity [1]  21 years
Migration [2]  Migratory

Prey / Diet

Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[3]
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)[4]
Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[3]
Astarte arctica (Arctic astarte)[3]
Brosme brosme (Tusk)[3]
Cancer irroratus (rock crab)[3]
Cancer plebejus (Atlantic rock crab)[5]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[3]
Crangon septemspinosa (sevenspine bay shrimp)[5]
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)[3]
Hemitripterus americanus (Wip)[3]
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)[3]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[3]
Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Halibut)[3]
Leptocheirus pinguis[3]
Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder)[3]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[3]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[4]
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)[3]
Nephtys bucera[4]
Ovalipes ocellatus (ocellate lady crab)[5]
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)[3]
Peprilus triacanthus (Sheephead)[3]
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)[3]
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)[3]
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)[3]
Unciola irrorata[3]
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)[3]
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)[3]
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)[3]
Venustaconcha ellipsiformis (ellipse)[3]
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa mediocris (Hickory shad)1
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)2
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)1
Brosme brosme (Tusk)1
Carcharhinus obscurus (Whaler shark)2
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)3
Citharichthys arctifrons (Gulf Stream flounder)1
Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Saddled grenadier)1
Dasyatis americana (Kit)1
Dasyatis centroura (clam cracker)2
Dasyatis say (Say's stingray)1
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)1
Dipturus laevis (Barndoor skate)1
Gadus morhua (rock cod)3
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)1
Haemulon aurolineatum (Seize)1
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)3
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)2
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)2
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)1
Lepophidium profundorum (Fawn cusk-eel)1
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)4
Leucoraja garmani (Freckled skate)2
Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder)2
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)1
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)1
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)2
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)1
Menticirrhus americanus (Woundhead)1
Menticirrhus saxatilis (Northern kingfish)2
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)1
Morone americana (Wreckfish)1
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)1
Myliobatis freminvillei (Blue-nosed ray)1
Myoxocephalus aenaeus (Little sculpin)2
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)3
Ophichthus cruentifer (Snake eel)1
Ophidion marginatum (Striped cusk-eel)1
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)3
Peristedion miniatum (Armored searobin)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)1
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)1
Prionotus carolinus (Searobin)2
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)3
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)3
Rachycentron canadum (Sergent fish)1
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)3
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Rhizoprionodon terraenovae (Atlantic sharp-nosed shark)1
Sciaenops ocellatus (Spotted bass)1
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)3
Scyliorhinus retifer (Chain dogfish)1
Sebastes fasciatus (Acadian redfish)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)3
Tautoga onitis (Tautog)1
Tautogolabrus adspersus (Sea perch)1
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)4
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)3
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)1

Predators

Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)[3]
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)[3]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Empruthotrema raiae[6]
Grillotia erinaceus[6]
Otodistomum cestoides[6]
Podocotyle atomon[6]
Pseudanisakis tricupola <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium du Quebec
Biodome de Montreal
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Newport Aquarium

Distribution

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Canada; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Scotian Shelf; USA (contiguous states); Western Atlantic: Newfoundland Banks and southern Gulf of St. Lawrence in Canada to North Carolina, USA.;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
5 Steimle FW, Pikanowski RA, McMillan DG, Zetlin CA, Wilk SJ. 2000. Demersal Fish and American Lobster Diets in the Lower Hudson - Raritan Estuary. US Dep Commer, NOAA Tech Memo NMFS NE 161; 106 p.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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