Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Rajiformes > Rajidae > Leucoraja > Leucoraja erinacea
 

Leucoraja erinacea (common skate; Little skate; summer skate; Little summer skate; Little common skate)

Synonyms: Raia erinacea; Raja erinacea; Raja erinaceus
Language: Danish; Dutch; French; Mandarin Chinese; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

The little skate, Leucoraja erinacea, is a species of skate in the family Rajidae, found from Nova Scotia to North Carolina on sand or gravel habitats. They are one of the dominant members of the demersal fish community in the northwestern Atlantic. This species is of minimal commercial importance and is mostly used as bait for lobster traps, though its wings are also marketed for food. It is also important as a model organism for biological and medical research.
View Wikipedia Record: Leucoraja erinacea

Attributes

Female Maturity [1]  4 years
Male Maturity [1]  4 years 3 months
Litter Size [1]  30
Maximum Longevity [1]  8 years
Migration [2]  Migratory

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada

Prey / Diet

Alitta acutifolia (ambergele zeeduizendpoot)[3]
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[4]
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)[5]
Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[4]
Aphrodita hastata[3]
Astarte arctica (Arctic astarte)[4]
Axius serratus (Shrimp)[5]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[4]
Brosme brosme (Tusk)[4]
Byblis serrata[3]
Cancer borealis (Jonah crab)[5]
Cancer irroratus (rock crab)[4]
Cancer plebejus (Atlantic rock crab)[6]
Chiridotea tuftsii[3]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[4]
Clymenella torquata (Bamboo worm)[3]
Crangon septemspinosa (sevenspine bay shrimp)[6]
Dichelopandalus leptocerus (bristled longbeak)[6]
Ensis leei (Atlantic razor clam)[3]
Ericthonius fasciatus[3]
Eualus pusiolus (doll eualid)[3]
Euceramus praelongus (olivepit porcelain crab)[3]
Eunice pennata[3]
Faughnia haani (Mantis shrimp)[3]
Gammarus annulatus[6]
Glycera dibranchiata (Bloodworm)[3]
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)[4]
Hemitripterus americanus (Wip)[4]
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)[4]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[4]
Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Halibut)[4]
Hippomedon serratus[3]
Leptocheirus pinguis[6]
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)[4]
Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder)[4]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[4]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[4]
Monoculodes edwardsi[6]
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)[4]
Neomysis americana (Mysid shrimp)[6]
Nephtys incisa[3]
Nothria conchylega[3]
Ophelia denticulata[3]
Ovalipes ocellatus (ocellate lady crab)[6]
Pagurus acadianus (Acadian hermit crab)[5]
Pagurus pubescens[3]
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)[4]
Peprilus triacanthus (Sheephead)[6]
Pleustes panoplus[3]
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)[4]
Protohaustorius wigleyi[3]
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)[4]
Scoletoma fragilis[3]
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)[4]
Unciola irrorata[6]
Upogebia affinis (coastal mud shrimp)[3]
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)[4]
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)[4]
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)[4]
Venustaconcha ellipsiformis (ellipse)[4]
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa mediocris (Hickory shad)1
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)2
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)15
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)2
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)1
Bathytoshia centroura (clam cracker)2
Brevoortia aurea (Brazilian menhaden)1
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)1
Brosme brosme (Tusk)2
Carcharhinus obscurus (Whaler shark)3
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)3
Carcharhinus signatus (Shark)1
Carcharias taurus (Spotted sand tiger shark)1
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)4
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)5
Citharichthys arctifrons (Gulf Stream flounder)3
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Saddled grenadier)3
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)6
Cynoscion striatus (Striped weakfish)1
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)1
Dipturus laevis (Barndoor skate)3
Fundulus heteroclitus (mummichog)1
Gadus morhua (rock cod)3
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)3
Haematopus palliatus (American Oystercatcher)1
Haemulon aurolineatum (Seize)1
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)1
Hemitripterus americanus (Wip)2
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)4
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)3
Hypanus americanus (Kit)1
Hypanus say (Say's stingray)1
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)1
Larimus fasciatus (Banded drum)1
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)2
Lepidochelys kempii (Atlantic Ridley, Kemp’s Ridley Seaturtle)3
Lepophidium profundorum (Fawn cusk-eel)6
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)1
Leucoraja garmani (Freckled skate)2
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)4
Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder)5
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)2
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)1
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)7
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)3
Menticirrhus americanus (Woundhead)1
Menticirrhus saxatilis (Northern kingfish)4
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)4
Micropogonias furnieri (Whitemouth drummer)1
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)3
Morone americana (Wreckfish)2
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)1
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)5
Mycteroperca microlepis (Velvet rockfish)1
Myliobatis freminvillei (Blue-nosed ray)2
Myoxocephalus aenaeus (Little sculpin)3
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)5
Ophichthus cruentifer (Snake eel)2
Ophidion marginatum (Striped cusk-eel)1
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)5
Paralichthys orbignyanus1
Peristedion miniatum (Armored searobin)2
Pollachius virens (Sillock)1
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)3
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Prionotus carolinus (Searobin)4
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)5
Prionotus scitulus (Leopard searobin)1
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)9
Rachycentron canadum (Sergent fish)1
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)4
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Rhizoprionodon terraenovae (Atlantic sharp-nosed shark)2
Sciaenops ocellatus (Spotted bass)3
Scomber scombrus (Split)2
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)6
Scyliorhinus retifer (Chain dogfish)1
Sphyrna zygaena (Smooth hammerhead shark)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Squatina dumeril (Atlantic angelshark)1
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)7
Syngnathus fuscus (Northern pipefish)2
Tautoga onitis (Tautog)2
Tautogolabrus adspersus (Sea perch)1
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)2
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)3
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)7
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)5
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)1
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)3

Predators

Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)[4]
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)[7]
Mustelus canis (Dogfish)[4]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[4]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocotyle verrillii[8]
Echeneibothrium vernetae[8]
Empruthotrema raiae[8]
Grillotia erinaceus[8]
Pseudanisakis tricupola <Unverified Name>[8]
Thaumatocotyle dasybatis[8]

Distribution

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Canada; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Scotian Shelf; USA (contiguous states); Western Atlantic: southern Gulf of St. Lawrence and Nova Scotia in Canada to North Carolina, USA.;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
3Little Skate, Leucoraja erinacea, Life History and Habitat Characteristics, David B. Packer, Christine A. Zetlin, and Joseph J. Vitaliano, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-175 (2003)
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
6 Steimle FW, Pikanowski RA, McMillan DG, Zetlin CA, Wilk SJ. 2000. Demersal Fish and American Lobster Diets in the Lower Hudson - Raritan Estuary. US Dep Commer, NOAA Tech Memo NMFS NE 161; 106 p.
7Food and Ontogenetic Shifts in Feeding of the Goosefish, Lophius Americanus, Michael P. Armstrong, John A. Musick, and James A. Colvocoresses, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 18: 99–103
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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