Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Rajiformes > Rajidae > Leucoraja > Leucoraja naevus
 

Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray; Sandy ray; Cuckoo skate; Butterfly skate)

Synonyms: Raja naevus; Raja quadrimaculata
Language: Arabic; Catalan; Danish; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Italian; Mandarin Chinese; Polish; Portuguese; Serbian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Attributes

Female Maturity [1]  9 years
Male Maturity [1]  8 years 6 months
Litter Size [1]  90
Maximum Longevity [1]  14 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Loch nam Madadh 5734 Scotland, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Sound of Arisaig (Loch Ailort to Loch Ceann Traigh) 11260 Scotland, United Kingdom

Prey / Diet

Alpheus glaber (red snapping shrimp)[2]
Ampelisca spinipes[2]
Aphrodita aculeata (Sea mouse)[2]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[2]
Callionymus reticulatus (Reticulated dragonet)[2]
Cepola macrophthalma (Red bandfish)[2]
Chlorotocus crassicornis (green shrimp)[3]
Ciliata mustela (Rockling)[2]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[2]
Corystes cassivelaunus (masked crab)[2]
Crangon allmanni[2]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[2]
Echinocardium cordatum (Heart urchin)[2]
Erythrops erythrophthalma[2]
Eualus pusiolus (doll eualid)[2]
Eurydice pulchra (gewone pissebed)[3]
Eurydice spinigera[3]
Fenestraria rhopalophylla (babies toes)[2]
Gobius niger (Black goby)[2]
Goneplax rhomboides (angular crab)[2]
Gymnammodytes semisquamatus (smoothed sandeel)[3]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[2]
Hippolyte varians[2]
Hippomedon denticulatus[3]
Hippomedon oculatus[3]
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (whiff)[2]
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)[2]
Liocarcinus holsatus (flying crab)[2]
Loligo vulgaris (European Squid)[3]
Lophogaster typicus[3]
Macropipus tuberculatus (portunid crab)[2]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[2]
Microchirus variegatus (Variegated sole)[2]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[3]
Munida rutlanti[3]
Necora puber (velvet crab)[2]
Ophelina acuminata[2]
Pandalina brevirostris[2]
Pandalus montagui (Aesop shrimp)[2]
Pholis gunnellus (Tissy)[2]
Pontocaris lacazei (hardshell shrimp)[3]
Processa canaliculata (processa shrimp)[3]
Processa hemphilli[2]
Pterygocythereis jonesi[2]
Pyrgo depressa[2]
Regalecus glesne (Giant oarfish)[4]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[3]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[2]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[2]
Sepiola atlantica (Atlantic Bobtail)[2]
Solea solea (True sole)[2]
Solenocera membranacea (Atlantic mud shrimp)[3]
Spirontocaris lilljeborgii[2]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[3]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[2]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[2]
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)[2]
Turritella communis[2]
Upogebia deltaura[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)1
Beryx splendens (Alfonsin)2
Chelidonichthys cuculus (cockoo gurnard)1
Chelidonichthys obscurus (Shining gurnard)1
Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Saddled grenadier)1
Conger conger (Conger)1
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)3
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)1
Deania calcea (Thompsons shark)2
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)2
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)1
Etmopterus princeps (rough sagre)1
Etmopterus pusillus (Smooth lanternshark)1
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)1
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)1
Gadus morhua (rock cod)2
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)2
Genypterus capensis (Kingklip)1
Gnathophis mystax (Thinlip conger)2
Grampus griseus (Risso's Dolphin)1
Hydrobates pelagicus (European Storm-Petrel)1
Hymenocephalus italicus (Glasshead grenadier)2
Lepidorhombus boscii (Whiff)2
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (whiff)1
Lepidotrigla cavillone (Large-scaled gurnard)3
Lophius vomerinus (Cape monk)1
Lycodes frigidus (Glacial eelpout)1
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)4
Molva dypterygia (Ling)1
Mullus barbatus (red mullet)1
Mustelus mustelus (Sweet William)1
Mustelus punctulatus (Black spotted smooth hound)1
Octopus vulgaris (common octopus)1
Ophidion barbatum (Cusk eel)1
Pagellus bogaraveo (Sea-bream)1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)1
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)1
Pomatoschistus microps (Common goby)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)6
Raja clavata (Roker)9
Raja miraletus (Brown ray)1
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)9
Raja polystigma (Speckled ray)2
Raja undulata (Painted ray)2
Rajella lintea (Sharp-nosed skate)1
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Sarda sarda (Stripe-backed pelamis)1
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)1
Seriola rivoliana (Pacific amberjack)1
Serranus cabrilla (Learned rockfich)1
Synodus saurus (Atlantic lizardfish)1
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)1
Trigla lyra (Gurnard)2
Trigloporus lastoviza (Streaked gurnard)1
Trisopterus capelanus (Poor cod)1
Uria aalge (Common Murre)2
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)2

Predators

Dipturus batis (Blue skate)[2]
Leucoraja fullonica (Shagreen ray)[2]
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthobothrium quadripartitum[5]
Calicotyle kroyeri[5]
Dictyocotyle coeliaca[5]
Echeneibothrium variabile[2]
Echeneibothrium vernetae[2]
Echinobothrium harfordi[5]
Empruthotrema raiae[5]
Grillotia erinaceus[5]
Rajonchocotyle emarginata[5]

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Canary Current; Cantabrian Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Channel Islands; Croatia; Cyprus; Denmark; Eastern Atlantic: Kattegat (Ref. 3167) and North Sea, around Great Britain, Ireland and the Mediterranean to Morocco and Senegal.; England and Wales (UK); Faroe Plateau; France; Galician Shelf; Gibraltar; Greece; Iberian Coastal; Ireland; Isle of Man; Italy; Lebanon; Malta; Mauritania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Northern Ireland; Norway; Portugal; Scotland (UK); Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Tunisia; Turkey; United Kingdom; Western Sahara;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 3Diet comparison of four ray species (Raja clavata, Raja brachyura, Raja montagui and Leucoraja naevus) caught along the Portuguese continental shelf, Inês Farias, Ivone Figueiredo, Teresa Moura, Leonel Serrano Gordo, Ana Neves and Bárbara Serra-Pereira, Aquat. Living Resour. 19, 105–114 (2006) 4Feeding ecology of demersal elasmobranchs from the shelf and slope off the Balearic Sea (western Mediterranean), MARIA VALLS, ANTONI QUETGLAS, FRANCESC ORDINES and JOAN MORANTA, Scientia Marina 75(4) December 2011, 633-639, Barcelona (Spain) 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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