Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Percidae > Sander > Sander canadensis

Sander canadensis (Sauger; Sand pike; Sand pickerel; Pike perch)

Synonyms: Lucioperca canadense; Lucioperca canadensis; Stizostedion canadense
Language: Danish; Dutch; Finnish; French; German; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Portuguese; Spanish; Swedish


Adult Weight [2]  4.41 lbs (2.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Adult Length [1]  28 inches (71 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Litho-pelagophils
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Gestation [2]  20 days
Litter Size [1]  100,000
Maximum Longevity [1]  18 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Apalachicola United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Appalachian Piedmont United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Laurentian Great Lakes Canada, United States Nearctic Large Lakes    
Lower Mississippi United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Middle Missouri United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Upper Missouri Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
US Southern Plains United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge IV 14642 North Dakota, United States
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area National Recreation Area V 120283 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States

Prey / Diet

Aplodinotus grunniens (Freshwater drum)[4]
Dorosoma cepedianum (American gizzard shad)[4]
Lota lota (Thin-tailed burbot)[4]
Morone chrysops (White perch)[4]
Notropis atherinoides (Common emerald shiner)[4]
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)[4]
Percopsis omiscomaycus (Trout-perch)[4]
Platygobio gracilis (Saskatchewan dace)[4]
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)[4]
Sander canadensis (Sauger)[4]
Sander vitreus (Walleye)[4]


Sander canadensis (Sauger)[4]


Parasitized by 
Bothriocephalus claviceps[5]
Bothriocephalus cuspidatus[5]
Centrovarium lobotes[5]
Dibothriocephalus latus[5]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[5]
Ichthyocotylurus platycephalus[5]
Neoechinorhynchus cylindratus[5]
Neoechinorhynchus tenellus[5]
Phyllodistomum superbum <Unverified Name>[5]
Prosorhynchoides pusilla[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium du Quebec
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Nat'l Mississippi River Museum & Aquar
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium

Range Map

America, North - Inland waters; Canada; Great Lakes; Mississippi; Missouri; Nearctic; Nelson-Saskatchewan; North America: St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Alberta in Canada, and south to northern Alabama and Louisiana in the USA. Introduced into Atlantic, Gulf and southern Mississippi River drainages.; St. Lawrence; USA (contiguous states);



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access