Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Percidae > Sander > Sander vitreus

Sander vitreus (Walleye; Yellow walleye; Yellow pike-perch; Yellow pike perch; Yellow pike; Yellow pickerel; Wall-eyed pike-perch; Wall-eyed pike; Walleyed pike; Wall-eyed pickerel; Walleye pike; Walleye pickerel; Pike-perch; Pickerel; Okow; Marble Eye; Jack salmon; Green pike; Gray pike; Glass eye; Dory; Blue pike)

Synonyms: Lucioperca americana; Lucioperca grisea; Perca fluviatilis; Perca vitrea; Sander vitreus glaucus; Stizostedion glaucum; Stizostedion virtreum; Stizostedion vitreum; Stizostedion vitreum glaucum; Stizostedion vitreum vitreum; Stizostedium vitreum vitreum
Language: Danish; Finnish; French; German; Mandarin Chinese; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

Walleye (Sander vitreus, formerly Stizostedion vitreum) is a freshwater perciform fish native to most of Canada and to the Northern United States. It is a North American close relative of the European pikeperch. The walleye is sometimes called the yellow walleye to distinguish it from the blue walleye, which is a subspecies that was once found in the southern Ontario and Quebec regions, but are now presumed extinct.
View Wikipedia Record: Sander vitreus


Adult Weight [3]  24.25 lbs (11.00 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  3 years
Adult Length [2]  35 inches (90 cm)
Brood Dispersal [2]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Litho-pelagophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Litter Size [2]  600,000
Maximum Longevity [2]  14 years
Migration [1]  Potamodromous
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gauley River National Recreation Area V 10157 West Virginia, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Greenwater Provincial Park II 11019 Ontario, Canada
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Temperate Lakes LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Wisconsin, United States
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada


Emblem of

South Dakota

Prey / Diet

Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)[4]
Bythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)[4]
Coregonus hoyi (Bloater)[4]
Cottus cognatus (Anadyr sculpin)[4]
Cyclops bicuspidatus (cyclopoid copepod)[4]
Daphnia galeata (waterflea)[4]
Diaptomus sicilis (calanoid copepod)[4]
Etheostoma nigrum (Johnny darter)[5]
Myoxocephalus quadricornis (Alaska fourhorn sculpin)[4]
Neogobius melanostomus (Round goby)[4]
Osmerus mordax (Rainbow smelt)[4]
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)4
Coregonus clupeaformis (Common whitefish)4
Coregonus hoyi (Bloater)4
Cottus cognatus (Anadyr sculpin)4
Esox lucius (Jack)1
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)1
Gavia pacifica (Pacific Loon)1
Lota lota (Thin-tailed burbot)7
Micropterus dolomieu (Smallmouth bass)7
Myoxocephalus quadricornis (Alaska fourhorn sculpin)4
Neosalanx pseudotaihuensis1
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)7
Oncorhynchus mykiss (redband trout)11
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon or king salmon)7
Osmerus eperlanus (European smelt)1
Osmerus mordax (Rainbow smelt)4
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)4
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)2
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)2
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)7
Salvelinus alpinus (Arctic charr)1
Salvelinus namaycush (American lake char)7
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Sterna forsteri (Forster's Tern)1
Thymallus arcticus (Arctic grayling)1


Petromyzon marinus[4]


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus dirus[6]
Apophallus venustus[6]
Azygia angusticauda[6]
Bothriocephalus cuspidatus[6]
Bothriocephalus formosus <Unverified Name>[6]
Bunodera sacculata[6]
Camallanus oxycephalus <Unverified Name>[6]
Centrovarium lobotes <Unverified Name>[6]
Clinostomum marginatum[6]
Crassiphiala bulboglossa[6]
Crepidostomum cooperi[6]
Cucullanellus cotylophora <Unverified Name>[6]
Diphyllobothrium latum[6]
Diplostomum spathaceum[6]
Echinorhynchus salmonis[6]
Eustrongylides tubifex <Unverified Name>[6]
Hysterothylacium brachyurum <Unverified Name>[6]
Leptorhynchoides thecatus[6]
Neoechinorhynchus cylindratus[6]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[6]
Neoechinorhynchus strigosus[6]
Neoechinorhynchus tenellus[6]
Ornithodiplostomum ptychocheilus[6]
Petromyzon marinus (Eel sucker)[4]
Phyllodistomum superbum <Unverified Name>[6]
Posthodiplostomum minimum[6]
Prosorhynchoides pusilla <Unverified Name>[6]
Proteocephalus ambloplitis <Unverified Name>[6]
Proteocephalus luciopercae <Unverified Name>[6]
Proteocephalus macrocephalus[6]
Proteocephalus pearsei <Unverified Name>[6]
Proteocephalus pinguis <Unverified Name>[6]
Proteocephalus stizostethi <Unverified Name>[6]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[6]
Sanguinicola occidentalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Spinitectus gracilis <Unverified Name>[6]
Tetracotyle diminuta <Unverified Name>[6]
Triaenophorus crassus[6]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[6]
Triaenophorus stizostedionis <Unverified Name>[6]
Tylodelphys scheuringi <Unverified Name>[6]
Urocleidus aculeatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Uvulifer ambloplitis <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Biodome de Montreal
ECHO Lake Aquarium & Science Center
Henry Vilas Zoo
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Nat'l Mississippi River Museum & Aquar
Natural History Museum of Adirondacks
Newport Aquarium
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Ctr
Wonders of Wildlife Museum

Range Map

America, North - Inland waters; Canada; China; Great Lakes; Mackenzie; Mississippi; Mississippi-Missouri; Missouri; Nearctic; Nelson-Saskatchewan; North America: St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Arctic, and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Northwest Territories in Canada, south to Alabama and Arkansas in the USA. Widely introduced elsewhere in the USA, including Atlantic, Gulf, and Pacific drainag; North America: St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Arctic, and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Northwest Territories in Canada, south to Alabama and Arkansas in the USA. Widely introduced elsewhere in the USA, including Atlantic, Gulf, and Pacific drainages. Rarely found in brackish waters of North America (Ref. 1998).; Rio Grande; St. Lawrence; USA (contiguous states);



Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at 2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory 5Food habits and growth of walleye, Stizostedion vitreum , smallmouth bass, Micropterus dolomieui , and northern pike, Esox lucius , in the Kaministiquia River, Ontario. Stephenson, SA | Momot, WT Canadian field-naturalist. Ottawa ON [CAN. FIELD-NAT.]. Vol. 105, no. 4, pp. 517-521. 1991 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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