Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Osteoglossiformes > Arapaimidae > Arapaima > Arapaima gigas

Arapaima gigas (Pirarucu; Giant arapaima; Arapaima)

Synonyms: Arapaema gigas; Sudis gigas; Vastres arapaima; Vastres cuvieri
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Wikipedia Abstract

Arapaima gigas is a species of arapaima, once believed to be the sole species in the genus. This species is only known from old museum specimens and its exact native range is unclear.
View Wikipedia Record: Arapaima gigas


Diet [1]  Carnivore
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  


Caiman crocodilus (Common caiman, Spectacled caiman)[2]
Homo sapiens (man)[2]


Parasitized by 
Caballerotrema arapaimense <Unverified Name>[3]
Caballerotrema brasiliense <Unverified Name>[3]
Caballerotrema piscicola <Unverified Name>[3]
Camallanus tridentatus <Unverified Name>[3]
Dawestrema cycloancistrioides <Unverified Name>[3]
Dawestrema cycloancistrium <Unverified Name>[3]
Dawestrema punctatum <Unverified Name>[3]
Gnathostoma gracile <Unverified Name>[3]
Goezia spinulosa <Unverified Name>[3]
Himasthla piscicola <Unverified Name>[3]
Nesolecithus janickii[3]
Nilonema senticosa <Unverified Name>[3]
Philometra senticosa <Unverified Name>[3]
Polyacanthorhynchus macrorhynchus[3]
Polyacanthorhynchus rhopalorhynchus[3]
Porrocaecum draschei <Unverified Name>[3]
Rumai rumai <Unverified Name>[3]
Schizochoerus liguloideus <Unverified Name>[3]
Terranova serrata <Unverified Name>[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Artis Zoo
Dallas World Aquarium
Denver Zoological Gardens
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Newport Aquarium
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Randers Regnskov
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Tennessee Aquarium
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Universeum Science Center
Wildlife World Zoo
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari


South America: Amazon River basin. International trade restricted (<b>CITES</b> II, since 1.7.75). The active fishing of this fish has reduced both the population size, and occurrence of large individuals, especially around the populated regions of the Amazon (Ref. 50891).;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access