Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Blicca > Blicca bjoerkna

Blicca bjoerkna (White bream; Silver bream; Flat bream)

Synonyms: Abramis björkna; Abramis bjoerkna; Abramis blicca; Abramis erythropterus; Abramis micropteryx; Blicca argyroleuca; Blicca björkna; Blicca bjoekna; Blicca bjoerkna bjoerkna; Blicca bjoerkna derjavini; Blicca bjoerkna transcaucasica; Cyprinus bjoerkna; Cyprinus blicca; Cyprinus gibbosus; Cyprinus gieben; Cyprinus laskyr; Cyprinus latus; Cyprinus meckel; Cyprinus plestya
Language: Bulgarian; Czech; Danish; Dutch; Estonian; Finnish; French; German; Hungarian; Italian; Latvian; Lithuanian; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Prussian, Old; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Slovak; Slovenian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

Blicca bjoerkna, alternatively called the white bream or the silver bream, is a European species of freshwater fish in the Cyprinidae family.
View Wikipedia Record: Blicca bjoerkna


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In the open
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Phytophils
Brood Guarder [1]  No
Migration [2]  Potamodromous


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Fenland 1529 England, United Kingdom
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Kivach Zapovednik IV 26885 Karelia, Russia
Nene Washes 218 England, United Kingdom
Ouse Washes 769 England, United Kingdom
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Portholme 227 England, United Kingdom  
Rheinsberger Rhin und Hellberge 2123 Germany  
Saltfleetby–Theddlethorpe Dunes and Gibraltar Point 2373 England, United Kingdom  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Srebarna 3579 Bulgaria  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  

Prey / Diet

Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[3]
Bosmina longirostris[3]
Chaoborus flavicans[3]
Dreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Neogobius melanostomus (Round goby)1
Vimba vimba (Vimba bream)1


Anguilla anguilla (River eel)[3]
Chlidonias hybrida (Whiskered Tern)[5]
Esox lucius (Jack)[3]
Larus cachinnans (Yellow-legged Gull)[6]
Sander lucioperca (Pike-perch)[3]


Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus anguillae[7]
Acanthocephalus clavula[7]
Acanthocephalus lucii[7]
Allocreadium dogieli <Unverified Name>[7]
Allocreadium isoporum <Unverified Name>[7]
Allocreadium markewitschi <Unverified Name>[7]
Anguillicola crassus <Unverified Name>[7]
Apharyngostrigea cornu <Unverified Name>[7]
Apophallus muehlingi[7]
Archigetes sieboldi <Unverified Name>[7]
Aspidogaster limacoides[7]
Asymphylodora dneproviana <Unverified Name>[7]
Asymphylodora imitans <Unverified Name>[7]
Asymphylodora kurensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Asymphylodora markewitschi <Unverified Name>[7]
Bucephalus polymorphus[7]
Camallanus lacustris[7]
Capillaria brevispicula <Unverified Name>[7]
Caryophyllaeides fennica <Unverified Name>[7]
Caryophyllaeus laticeps <Unverified Name>[7]
Caryophyllaeus mutabilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Cotylurus communis <Unverified Name>[7]
Cotylurus pileatus[7]
Cotylurus platycephalus <Unverified Name>[7]
Cucullanus dogieli <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus alatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus auriculatus[7]
Dactylogyrus cornoides <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus cornu <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus crucifer[7]
Dactylogyrus difformis <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus distinguendus <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus falcatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus fallax[7]
Dactylogyrus nanus <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus nasalis <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus propinquus <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus similis[7]
Dactylogyrus simplicimalleata <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus sphyrna[7]
Dactylogyrus vistulae <Unverified Name>[7]
Dactylogyrus wunderi[7]
Dactylogyrus zandti <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplostomulum clavatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplostomum chromatophorum[7]
Diplostomum clavatum[7]
Diplostomum erythrophthalmi <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplostomum helveticum[7]
Diplostomum macrostomum <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplostomum mergi <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplostomum paracaudum <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplostomum paraspathaceum[7]
Diplostomum spathaceum[7]
Diplostomum volvens[7]
Diplozoon bliccae <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplozoon gussevi <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplozoon markewitschi <Unverified Name>[7]
Diplozoon paradoxum[7]
Goezia ascaroides[7]
Gyrodactylus arcuatus[3]
Gyrodactylus carassii <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus elegans[7]
Gyrodactylus gracilihamatus[3]
Gyrodactylus gussevi <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus laevis <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus prostae <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus rarus[7]
Gyrodactylus scardinii <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus vimbi <Unverified Name>[7]
Gyrodactylus wageneri <Unverified Name>[7]
Hysteromorpha triloba[7]
Ichthyocotylurus metacercaria <Unverified Name>[7]
Ichthyocotylurus pileatus[7]
Ichthyocotylurus platycephalus[7]
Ichthyocotylurus variegatus[7]
Ligula intestinalis[7]
Metagonimus yokogawai[7]
Metorchis bilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Neodiplostomum pseudattenuatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[7]
Neogryporhynchus cheilancristrotus <Unverified Name>[7]
Opisthorchis felineus <Unverified Name>[7]
Palaeorchis incognitus <Unverified Name>[7]
Palaeorchis unicus <Unverified Name>[7]
Paracoenogonimus ovatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Paradiplozoon bliccae[7]
Paradiplozoon homoion[7]
Philometra abdominalis <Unverified Name>[7]
Philometra ovata <Unverified Name>[7]
Philometra rischta <Unverified Name>[7]
Phyllodistomum dogieli <Unverified Name>[7]
Phyllodistomum elongatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Phyllodistomum folium[7]
Phyllodistomum macrocotyle <Unverified Name>[7]
Pomphorhynchus laevis[7]
Posthodiplostomum brevicaudatum[7]
Posthodiplostomum cuticola[7]
Proteocephalus torulosus[7]
Pseudamphistomum truncatum[7]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[7]
Rhabdochona denudata[7]
Rhipidocotyle illense[3]
Sanguinicola volgensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Schulmanella petruschewskii <Unverified Name>[7]
Sphaerostomum bramae <Unverified Name>[7]
Sphaerostomum globiporum <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetracotyle percae-fluviatilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetracotyle variegatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Thominx petruschewskii <Unverified Name>[7]
Tylodelphys clavata[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Artis Zoo
Museum de Besancon
Ouwehand Zoo
Pet Porpoise Pool Pty. Ltd.
Universeum Science Center


Albania; Andorra; Armenia; Asia - Inland waters; Atlantic, Northeast; Austria; Azerbaijan; Baltic Sea; Belarus; Belgium; Bulgaria; Caspian Sea; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Don; Elbe; Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Europe and Asia: North, Baltic, White, Black (south to Rioni drainage) and Caspian Sea basins, Atlantic basin southward to Adour drainage (France; possibly introduced southward of Loire) and Mediterranean basin in France (Hérault and Rhône drainages). In Aral, Marmara and Anatolian Black Sea basins west of Ankara. Naturally absent from Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Adriatic basin, Crimea, Great Britain (except southeast), Scandinavia north of Sundsvall (Sweden) and 65° N (Finland). Locally introduced in Spain and northeastern Italy; in France, apparently introduced in smal coastal drainages of Var.; Europe: France to the Urals except Italy, Greece and former Yugoslavia.; Faeroe Islands; Finland; France; Garonne; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Hungary; Iceland; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Ireland; Italy; Kazakhstan; Kuban River; Latvia; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Loire; Luxembourg; Moldova, Republic of; Monaco; Netherlands; Norway; Onega River; Palearctic; Poland; Rhine; Rhône; Romania; Russian Federation; Seine; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovakia; Spain; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom; Volga;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Specziár, A., Tölg, L. and Bíró, P. (1997), Feeding strategy and growth of cyprinids in the littoral zone of Lake Balaton. Journal of Fish Biology, 51: 1109–1124
5Reproductive parameters in relation to food supply in the whiskered tern (Chlidonias hybrida), Jean-Marc Paillisson, Sébastien Reeber, Alexandre Carpentier, Loïc Marion, J Ornithol (2007) 148:69–77
6Robert Gwiazda, Dariusz Bukaciński, Grzegorz Neubauer, Marcin Faber, Jacek Betleja, Magdalena Zagalska-Neubauer, Monika Bukacińska & Przemysław Chylarecki, Diet composition of the Caspian Gull (Larus cachinnans) in inland Poland: effects of breeding area, breeding stage and sympatric breeding with the Herring Gull (Larus argentatus), Ornis Fennica 88:80–89. 2011
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access