Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Limanda > Limanda ferruginea
 

Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder; Yellowtail flounder; Yellowtail; Sandy dab; Rusty dab; Mud dab)

Synonyms: Limanda oceanica; Limanda vulgaris; Platessa ferruginea; Pleuronectes ferruginaeus; Pleuronectes ferruginea; Pleuronectes ferrugineus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The yellowtail flounder (Pleuronectes ferruginea or Limanda ferruginea) is a species of fish in the Pleuronectidae family. It is found in Canada and the United States.
View Wikipedia Record: Limanda ferruginea

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.82 lbs (825 g)
Female Maturity [2]  4 years 8 months
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 7 months
Maximum Longevity [2]  12 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)[3]
Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[4]
Ampelisca macrocephala[4]
Amphipholis squamata (dwarf brittle star)[4]
Aricidea suecica[4]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[4]
Chaetozone setosa[4]
Chone infundibuliformis[5]
Cistenides granulata[4]
Corophium crassicorne[4]
Crangon septemspinosa (sevenspine bay shrimp)[5]
Diastylis quadrispinosa[4]
Echinarachnius parma (common sand dollar)[4]
Ericthonius rubricornis[5]
Eudorellopsis deformis[4]
Gammarus annulatus[5]
Leptocheirus pinguis[5]
Mysis mixta[4]
Ophelina acuminata[4]
Parexogone hebes[4]
Pontogeneia inermis[4]
Pseudoleptocuma minus[4]
Scoloplos armiger (wapenworm)[4]
Spiophanes bombyx (Bee spionid)[5]
Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (Green sea urchin)[4]
Unciola irrorata[5]
Venustaconcha ellipsiformis (ellipse)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa mediocris (Hickory shad)1
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)4
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)1
Bathytoshia centroura (clam cracker)1
Brosme brosme (Tusk)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)2
Citharichthys arctifrons (Gulf Stream flounder)1
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Saddled grenadier)1
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)1
Gadus morhua (rock cod)1
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)1
Haemulon aurolineatum (Seize)1
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)1
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)1
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)1
Hypanus say (Say's stingray)1
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)1
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)1
Lepophidium profundorum (Fawn cusk-eel)3
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)5
Leucoraja garmani (Freckled skate)1
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)2
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)1
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)1
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)3
Menticirrhus americanus (Woundhead)1
Menticirrhus saxatilis (Northern kingfish)1
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)2
Morone americana (Wreckfish)1
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)1
Myoxocephalus aenaeus (Little sculpin)1
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)2
Ophichthus cruentifer (Snake eel)2
Ophidion marginatum (Striped cusk-eel)1
Paralichthys dentatus (fluke)2
Peristedion miniatum (Armored searobin)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)1
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)1
Prionotus carolinus (Searobin)2
Prionotus evolans (Striped searobin)1
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)5
Raja eglanteria (Clearnose skate)1
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)4
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Stenotomus chrysops (Scup)4
Syngnathus fuscus (Northern pipefish)1
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)1
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)1
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)3
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)3
Zoarces americanus (Ocean pout)2

Predators

Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[4]
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)[6]
Hemitripterus americanus (Wip)[4]
Homo sapiens (man)[4]
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Atlantic White-sided Dolphin)[4]
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)[4]
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)[4]
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)[4]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[4]
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)[4]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[4]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[4]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[5]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[7]
Corynosoma wegeneri[7]
Cryptocotyle lingua[7]
Derogenes varicus[7]
Diplocotyle olrikii[7]
Echinorhynchus gadi[7]
Echinorhynchus laurentianus[7]
Grillotia erinaceus[7]
Homalometron pallidum[7]
Lecithaster gibbosus[7]
Macvicaria soleae[7]
Otodistomum veliporum[7]
Podocotyle atomon[7]
Podocotyle reflexa[7]
Progonus muelleri[7]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[7]
Scolex polymorphus <Unverified Name>[7]
Steganoderma formosum[7]
Stenakron vetustum[7]
Stephanostomum baccatum[7]
Steringophorus furciger[7]
Steringotrema pagelli[4]
Zoogonoides viviparus[4]

Distribution

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northwest; Canada; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Northwest Atlantic: southern Labrador, Canada to Chesapeake Bay, USA.; Scotian Shelf; USA (contiguous states);

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Feeding Habits of Fish Species Distributed on the Grand Bank, Concepción González1, Xabier Paz, Esther Román, and María Hermida, NAFO SCR Doc. 06/31, Serial No. N5251 (2006)
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000)
6Offshore diet of grey seals Halichoerus grypus near Sable Island, Canada, W. D. Bowen, G . D. Harrison, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 112: 1-11, 1994
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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