Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Coryphaenidae > Coryphaena > Coryphaena hippurus
 

Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi; Mahimahi; Mahi mahi; Dorado; Dolphinfish; Dolphin fish; Dolphin; Common dolphinfish; Common dolphin fish; Common dolphin; Common dolphifish; Green dolphin)

Synonyms: Coriphaena hippurus; Corypaena hippurua; Coryphaena argyrurus; Coryphaena chrysurus; Coryphaena dolfyn; Coryphaena dorado; Coryphaena fasciolata; Coryphaena hipporus; Coryphaena hyppurus; Coryphaena immaculata; Coryphaena imperialis; Coryphaena margravii; Coryphaena nortoniana; Coryphaena scomberoides; Coryphaena suerii; Coryphaena virgata; Coryphaena vlamingii; Lampugus siculus; Lepimphis hippuroides
Language: Aceh; Afrikaans; Agutaynen; Albanian; Arabic; Bahasa Indonesia; Bengali; Bikol; Bolinao; Cantonese; Carolinian; Catalan; Cebuano; Chavacano; Cotabato Chavacano; Creole, French; Creole, Portuguese; Croatian; Danish; Davawenyo; Dutch; Fijian; Finnish; French; Fwi; Fwâi; Gela; German; Greek; Gujarati; Hawaiian; Hebrew; Hiligaynon; Ilokano; Italian; Japanese; Javanese; Kagayanen; Kannada; Kiribati; Komoro; Korean; Kosraean; Kuyunon; Mahl; Makassarese; Malay; Malayalam; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Maranao/Samal/Tao Sug; Marathi; Marshallese; Misima-Paneati; Niuean; Norwegian; Oriya; Other; Palauan; Papiamento; Persian; Polish; Portuguese; Rapa; Romanian; Samoan; Serbian; Sinhalese; Slovenian; Somali; Spanish; Surigaonon; Swahili; Swedish; Tagalog; Tahitian; Tamil; Telugu; Tongan; Turkish; Tuvaluan; Vietnamese; Wallisian; Waray-waray

Wikipedia Abstract

The mahimahi (/ˈmɑːhiːˈmɑːhiː/) or common dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus) is a surface-dwelling ray-finned fish found in off-shore temperate, tropical and subtropical waters worldwide. Also known widely as dorado and dolphin, it is one of two members of the Coryphaenidae family, the other being the pompano dolphinfish.The name mahimahi means very strong in Hawaiian.
View Wikipedia Record: Coryphaena hippurus

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  48.50 lbs (22.00 kg)
Female Maturity [3]  6 months 17 days
Male Maturity [2]  6 months 17 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  4 years
Migration [4]  Oceanodromous
Water Biome [1]  Pelagic, Coastal

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Mascarenes Mauritius, France Afrotropic Oceanic Islands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Cayos Cochinos Archipelago National Park Natural Marine Monument   Honduras  
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    

Prey / Diet

Acanthocybium solandri (Wahoo fish)[5]
Alepisaurus brevirostris (Shortsnouted lancetfish)[6]
Aluterus scriptus (unicornfish)[7]
Ammodytes americanus (inshore sand lance)[7]
Arctozenus risso (Spotted barracudina)[7]
Argonauta argo (greater argonaut)[8]
Argonauta nodosa (knobby argonaut)[6]
Argyropelecus hemigymnus (short silver hatchetfish)[7]
Atule mate (deep trevally)[9]
Auxis thazard (Frigate tuna)[7]
Balistes capriscus (Grey triggerfish)[7]
Belone belone (Garfish)[8]
Benthosema panamense (Panama's lanternfish)[5]
Brama brama (Ray's bream)[7]
Callinectes sapidus (blue crab)[7]
Canthidermis maculata (Ocean triggerfish)[7]
Canthidermis sufflamen (Filefish)[7]
Caranx crysos (Yellow tail cavalli)[7]
Caranx latus (Yellowjack)[7]
Caranx ruber (Bar jack)[7]
Cepola macrophthalma (Red bandfish)[7]
Chauliodus sloani (Dannevig's dragonfish)[7]
Cheilopogon cyanopterus (White-edged flying-fish)[7]
Cheilopogon furcatus (Spotfin flyingfish)[5]
Cheilopogon spilonotopterus (Stained flyingfish)[5]
Coryphaena equiselis (Small dolphin)[5]
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)[7]
Cubiceps pauciradiatus (Bigeye cigarfish)[5]
Cyclothone braueri (Bent - tooth lightfish)[8]
Dactylopterus volitans (Helmet gurnard)[8]
Decapterus maruadsi (White-tipped mackerel scad)[7]
Decapterus punctatus (Summer stonebrass)[10]
Diodon hystrix (Ajargo)[7]
Dosidicus gigas (jumbo squid)[5]
Eledone moschata (musky octopus)[8]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[8]
Euthynnus alletteratus (Little tunny)[7]
Euthynnus lineatus (Black skipjack)[5]
Exocoetus monocirrhus (Barbel flyingfish)[5]
Exocoetus volitans (Blue flying fish)[5]
Gadiculus argenteus (Silvery pout)[8]
Gempylus serpens (Snack mackerel)[5]
Hirundichthys affinis (Rondelet's flying fish)[7]
Hirundichthys rondeletii (Subtropical flyingfish)[8]
Hirundichthys speculiger (Mirrorwing flyingfish)[5]
Histioteuthis bonnellii (umbrella squid)[8]
Histioteuthis reversa (Reverse Jewell Squid)[8]
Holocentrus adscensionis (Squirrelfish)[7]
Idotea metallica[8]
Illex argentinus (Argentine Shortfin Squid)[11]
Illex coindetii (southern shortfin squid)[8]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[7]
Istiophorus albicans (Sailfish)[7]
Janthina janthina (janthina)[7]
Japetella diaphana[5]
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)[7]
Lagocephalus laevigatus (Smooth puffer)[7]
Lagocephalus lagocephalus (oceanic puffer)[5]
Lepas anatifera (duck barnacle)[7]
Lepidopus caudatus (Southern frostfish)[8]
Macroramphosus scolopax (Trumpetfish)[6]
Masturus lanceolatus (Sharptailed sunfish)[7]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[8]
Monacanthus ciliatus (Leather-fish)[7]
Monacanthus tuckeri (Slender Fiiefish)[7]
Mulloidichthys martinicus (Yellow goatfish)[7]
Myctophum aurolaternatum (Golden lanternfish)[5]
Myctophum nitidulum (Lampfish)[5]
Naucrates ductor (Sucker)[5]
Nealotus tripes (Black Snake Mackerel)[7]
Ocythoe tuberculata (Tuberculate Pelagic Octopus)[6]
Onychoteuthis banksii (common clubhook squid)[5]
Onychoteuthis borealijaponica (Boreal Clubhook Squid)[7]
Oxyporhamphus micropterus (smallwing flyingfish)[5]
Pagellus bogaraveo (Sea-bream)[8]
Paramonacanthus choirocephalus (Pig faced leather jacket)[7]
Pleuroncodes planipes (pelagic red crab)[5]
Portunus xantusii (Xantus swimming crab)[5]
Priacanthus tayenus (spottedfinned bulleye)[9]
Pterygioteuthis giardi (roundear enope squid)[7]
Remora osteochir (Sailfishsucker)[5]
Rhinesomus triqueter (Trunkfish)[7]
Sarda sarda (Stripe-backed pelamis)[8]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[8]
Sardinella aurita (Alache)[8]
Sardinella brasiliensis (Scale sardine)[7]
Sargocentron bullisi (Deepwater Squirrelfish)[7]
Scomber japonicus (Striped mackerel)[7]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[8]
Scomberesox saurus (Atlantic saury)[8]
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)[7]
Selar crumenophthalmus (Steenbrass)[9]
Selaroides leptolepis (Yellow-striped trevally)[9]
Sepia elegans (elegant cuttlefish)[7]
Sphoeroides spengleri (Puffer)[7]
Sphyraena barracuda (Striped seapike)[7]
Spirula spirula (ram's horn squid)[7]
Squilla mantis[7]
Sthenoteuthis oualaniensis (purpleback squid)[5]
Syngnathus phlegon (Pipefish)[8]
Synodus saurus (Atlantic lizardfish)[8]
Thysanoteuthis rhombus (diamond squid)[12]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[8]
Todaropsis eblanae (Lesser Flying Squid)[6]
Trachurus lathami (Rough scad)[7]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[8]
Tremoctopus violaceus (common blanket octopus)[5]
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)[7]
Vinciguerria attenuata (slender lightfish)[7]
Vinciguerria lucetia (Lightfish)[5]
Xanthichthys ringens (Turbot)[7]
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alepisaurus ferox (Wolffish)6
Anous minutus (Black Noddy)2
Arctocephalus philippii (Juan Fernández Fur Seal)2
Arctocephalus pusillus (Brown Fur Seal)2
Arctocephalus townsendi (Guadalupe Fur Seal)2
Caranx caballus (Green jack)2
Deania calcea (Thompsons shark)4
Delphinus capensis (Long-beaked Common Dolphin)2
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)6
Diomedea exulans (Wandering Albatross)3
Etmopterus pusillus (Smooth lanternshark)2
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)4
Gadus morhua (rock cod)2
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)4
Genypterus capensis (Kingklip)2
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)4
Grampus griseus (Risso's Dolphin)8
Istiompax indica (Marlin)2
Istiophorus albicans (Sailfish)4
Istiophorus platypterus (Atlantic sailfish)3
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)2
Kajikia albida (Marlin)4
Kajikia audax (Stripey)5
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)3
Lagenorhynchus obscurus (Dusky Dolphin)3
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)3
Lutjanus argentiventris (yellowtail snapper)2
Makaira mazara (black spearfish)3
Makaira nigricans (Ocean guard)3
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)3
Mesoplodon densirostris (Blainville's Beaked Whale)2
Mustelus punctulatus (Black spotted smooth hound)3
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)2
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)5
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)8
Pterodroma phaeopygia (Galapagos Petrel)2
Rachycentron canadum (Sergent fish)2
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)4
Raja clavata (Roker)5
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)3
Rhinobatos rhinobatos (Mediterranean longnose)2
Scomberomorus commerson (Striped seer)2
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)2
Seriola dumerili (Yellow tail)2
Seriola rivoliana (Pacific amberjack)3
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)3
Stenella attenuata (Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)6
Stenella coeruleoalba (Striped Dolphin)8
Sula sula (Red-footed Booby)5
Synodus saurus (Atlantic lizardfish)3
Tetrapturus pfluegeri (Longbill spearfish)3
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)7
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)10
Thunnus maccoyii (Tunny)3
Thunnus obesus (Tuna)6
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)6
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)14
Ziphius cavirostris (Cuvier's Beaked Whale)3

Predators

Acanthocybium solandri (Wahoo fish)[13]
Carcharhinus plumbeus (Thickskin shark)[7]
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)[7]
Kajikia albida (Marlin)[7]
Lampris guttatus (Sunfish)[7]
Makaira mazara (black spearfish)[7]
Makaira nigricans (Ocean guard)[7]
Onychoprion fuscatus (Sooty Tern)[7]
Phaethon rubricauda (Red-tailed Tropicbird)[14]
Pseudorca crassidens (False Killer Whale)[15]
Scomberomorus cavalla (Spanish mackerel)[7]
Sphyrna zygaena (Smooth hammerhead shark)[16]
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Accacladium nematulum[17]
Anisakis physeteris <Unverified Name>[17]
Anisakis typica[17]
Bathycotyle branchialis[17]
Bathycotyle coryphaenae[17]
Benedenia hendorffi[17]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[17]
Capsala laevis[17]
Dibothriocephalus attenuatus[17]
Dinurus barbatus[17]
Dinurus breviductus[17]
Dinurus hippuri <Unverified Name>[17]
Dinurus longisinus[17]
Dinurus longissimus <Unverified Name>[17]
Dinurus tornatus[17]
Floriceps saccatus[17]
Helicometrina nimia[17]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[17]
Heteronybelinia estigmena[17]
Hirudinella clavata <Unverified Name>[17]
Hirudinella marina <Unverified Name>[17]
Hirudinella phalloides <Unverified Name>[17]
Hirudinella ventricosa[17]
Hysterothylacium marinum[17]
Hysterothylacium pelagicum <Unverified Name>[17]
Kudoa thyrsites[18]
Lecithochirium branchialis[17]
Lecithocladium excisum[17]
Metabronema magna <Unverified Name>[17]
Neobenedenia melleni[17]
Neothoracocotyle acanthocybii[17]
Neothoracocotyle coryphaenae <Unverified Name>[17]
Nybelinia indica[17]
Opechona bacillaris[17]
Otobothrium cysticum[17]
Otobothrium dipsacus[17]
Pelichnibothrium speciosum[17]
Phylline hendorffi <Unverified Name>[17]
Plerocercoides lonchophorus <Unverified Name>[17]
Plicocestus janickii[17]
Pterobothrium acanthotruncatum[17]
Pterobothrium heteracanthum[17]
Rhadinorhynchus ornatus[17]
Rhadinorhynchus pristis[17]
Rhinebothrium flexile[17]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[17]
Serrasentis sagittifer[17]
Stephanostomum coryphaenae[17]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[17]
Tetrochetus aluterae <Unverified Name>[17]
Tetrochetus coryphaenae[17]
Tristomella laevis[7]
Udonella caligorum[7]

Distribution

Admiralty Islands; Aegean Sea; Agulhas Current; American Samoa; Andaman Sea; Angola; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Arabian Sea; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: in tropical and subtropical waters. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139).; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Atulayan Bay; Australia; Bahamas; Bangladesh; Bank 8; Barbados; Bay of Bengal; Belize; Benguela Current; Benin; Bermuda; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Brazil; Brooks Banks; Brunei Darussalam; Calauag Bay; California Current; Cambodia; Cameroon; Canada; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cape Verde; Caribbean Sea; Carigara Bay; Cayman Islands; Chagos Islands; Chile; China; Christmas Island (Aust.); Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Colombia; Comoros; Congo, Republic of; Cook Islands; Coral Sea and GBR; Costa Rica; Croatia; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Côte d'Ivoire; Djibouti; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; East China Sea; East Timor; Ecuador; El Salvador; Equatorial Guinea; Fiji Islands; France; French Guiana; French Polynesia; Gabon; Galapagos Islands; Gambia; Ghana; Great Barrier Reef; Greece; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guam; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea Current; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Aden; Gulf of Aqaba; Gulf of California; Gulf of Mexico; Gulf of Thailand; Guyana; Haiti; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Hong Kong; Hsiao-liu-chiu; Humboldt Current; Iberian Coastal; India; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean, Eastern; Indian Ocean, Western; Indonesia; Indonesian Sea; Insular Pacific-Hawaiian; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Italy; Jamaica; Japan; Johnston Island; Jordan; Juan Fernández Islands; Kenya; Kimbe Bay; Kiribati; Korea, Dem. People's Rep; Korea, Republic of; Kuroshio Current; Lagonoy Gulf; Lebanon; Liberia; Macau; Madagascar; Madeira Islands; Malaysia; Maldives; Malta; Marshall Islands; Martinique; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Micronesia,Fed.States of; Midway Islands; Milne Bay; Monaco; Montserrat; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; Nauru; Netherlands Antilles; New Caledonia; New Zealand; New Zealand Shelf; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Niue; North Australian Shelf; North Brazil Shelf; North Marianas; Northampton Seamount; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Oman; Ormoc Bay; Pacific Central-American Coastal; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Eastern Central; Pacific, Northeast; Pacific, Northwest; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Pacific, Western Central; Pakistan; Palau; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Peng-hu Island; Persian Gulf; Peru; Peru-Galapagos Waters; Philippines; Polynesian Waters; Puerto Rico; Red Sea; Rodriguez; Ryukyu Islands; Réunion; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Rogatien Bank; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; Samoa; San Miguel Bay; Sao Tomé and Principe; Sargasso Sea; Scotian Shelf; Sea of Japan; Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Singapore; Slovenia; Sogod Bay; Solomon Islands; Somali Coastal Current; Somalia; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; South China Sea; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Southwest Chilean Waters; Spain; Sri Lanka; Sulu-Celebes Sea; Suriname; Taiwan; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Tayabas Bay; Thailand; Togo; Tokelau; Tonga; Trindade Island; Trinidad and Tobago; Tunisia; Turkey; Turks and Caicos Is.; Tuvalu; US Misc. Pacific Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Vanuatu; Venezuela; Verde Island Passage; Viet Nam; Virgin Islands (UK); Wake Island; Wallis and Futuna Is.; Yellow Sea; Zapadnaya Seamount;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 4Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 5Olson, Robert J., and Felipe Galvan-Magana. "Food habits and consumption rates of common dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus) in the eastern Pacific Ocean." Fishery Bulletin 100.2 (2002): 279+. Academic OneFile. Web. 23 July 2010 6Feeding ecology and niche segregation in oceanic top predators off eastern Australia, Jock W. Young, Matt J. Lansdell, Robert A. Campbell, Scott P. Cooper, Francis Juanes, Michaela A. Guest, Mar Biol (2010) 157:2347–2368 7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 8DIET AND FEEDING OF DOLPHIN (CORYPHAENA HIPPURUS) IN WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN WATERS, Enric Massutí, Salud Deudero, Pilar Sánchez and Beatriz Morales-Nin, BULLETIN OF MARINE SCIENCE, 63(2): 329–341, 1998 9Diet composition and food habits of demersal and pelagic marine fishes from Terengganu waters, east coast of Peninsular Malaysia, Z. Bachok, M.I. Mansor and R.M. Noordin, NAGA, WorldFish Center Quarterly Vol. 27 No. 3 & 4 Jul-Dec 2004, p. 41-47 10COMMUNITY STRUCTURE AND DIETS OF FISHES ASSOCIATED WITH PELAGIC SARGASSUM AND OPEN-WATER HABITATS OFF NORTH CAROLINA, Tara L. Casazza, Thesis, University of North Carolina Wilmington, 2008 11Santos RA, Haimovici M. 2000. The Argentine short-finned squid Illex argentinus in the food webs of southern Brazil. Sarsia 85:49-60 12CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 13Diet of Wahoo, Acanthocybium solandri, from the Northcentral Gulf of Mexico, JAMES S. FRANKS, ERIC R. HOFFMAYER, JAMES R. BALLARD, NIKOLA M. GARBER, and AMBER F. GARBER, Proceedings of the 60th Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute November 5 - 9, 2007 Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, p. 353-362 14Seasonal and inter-annual variation in the feeding ecology of a tropical oceanic seabird, the red-tailed tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda, M. Le Corre, Y. Cherel, F. Lagarde, H. Lormée, P. Jouventin, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 255: 289–301, 2003 15Pseudorca crassidens, Pam J. Stacey, Stephen Leatherwood, and Robin W. Baird, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 456, pp. 1-6 (1994) 16Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 17Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 18Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
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