Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Cichlidae > Oreochromis > Oreochromis mossambicus

Oreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique mouth-breeder; Tilapia; Redfin tilapia; Mozambique tilapia; Mozambique mouth-brooder; Mozambique mouthbrooder; Mozambique cichlid; Mouth-brooder; Mossambique tilapia; Mocambique tilapia; Largemouth tilapia; Largemouth kurper; Kurper bream; Java tilapia; Java fish; Japanese fish; Hawaiian sunfish; Hawaiian perch; Common tilapia; Blue tilapia; Blue bream; African perch; African mouthbrooder)

Synonyms: Chromis dumerilii; Chromis mossambicus; Chromis natalensis; Chromis niloticus var. mossambicus; Chromis vorax; Cromis mossambicus; Orechromis mossambica; Oreochromis mossambica; Oreochromis mozambica; Sarotherodon mossambica; Sarotherodon mossambicum; Sarotherodon mossambicus; Sarotherodon mossambicus natalensis; Sarothredon mossambica; Telapia mossambica; Tilapia arnoldi; Tilapia dumerili; Tilapia dumerilii; Tilapia mosambica; Tilapia mossambica; Tilapia mossambica mossambica; Tilapia mossambicus; Tilapia mozambique; Tilapia natalensis; Tilapia vorax
Language: Afrikaans; Bahasa Indonesia; Cantonese; Creole, French; Danish; Digo; Fijian; Finnish; French; German; Japanese; Javanese; Kannada; Khmer; Mahl; Malay; Malayalam; Mandarin Chinese; Nyanja; Portuguese; Russian; Sena; Sinhalese; Spanish; Sranan; Swedish; Tagalog; Tamil; Toba, Batak; Venda; Vietnamese

Wikipedia Abstract

The Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) is a tilapiine cichlid fish native to southern Africa. It is a popular fish for aquaculture. Dull colored, the Mozambique tilapia often lives up to a decade in its native habitats. Due to human introductions, it is now found in many tropical and subtropical habitats around the globe, where it can become an invasive species because of its robust nature. This makes it an optimal species for aquaculture because it readily adapts to new situations. It is known as black tilapia in Colombia and as blue kurper in South Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Oreochromis mossambicus

Invasive Species

Oreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) has spread worldwide through introductions for aquaculture. Established populations of Oreochromis mossambicus in the wild are as a result of intentional release or escapes from fish farms. Oreochromis mossambicus is omnivorous and feeds on almost anything, from algae to insects.
View ISSG Record: Oreochromis mossambicus


Adult Weight [2]  1.37 lbs (622 g)
Female Maturity [1]  5 months 21 days
Male Maturity [2]  9 months 23 days
Diet [3]  Omnivore, Planktivore, Detritivore
Adult Length [1]  15 inches (39 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  On/In self
Litter Size [1]  1,800
Maximum Longevity [1]  11 years
Migration [3]  Amphidromous


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Colorado Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
East Texas Gulf United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Florida Peninsula United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Gila Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Hawaiian Islands United States Oceania Oceanic Islands    
Puerto Rico - Virgin Islands United Kingdom, United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    
Southern California Coastal - Baja California Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Annaiwilundawa Tanks Sanctuary 3452 Sri Lanka      
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Danau Matano - Towuti Recreation Parks Nature Recreation Park V 96082 Sulawesi, Indonesia  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve 1364022 India  
Parc National de Marojejy National Park II 148550 Madagascar
Sanjay Gandhi National Park II 439343 Maharashtra, India

Prey / Diet

Assiminea ovata[4]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[4]
Brachidontes virgiliae (brack-water mussel)[4]
Brachionus caudatus[4]
Brachionus falcatus[4]
Brachionus forficula[4]
Caridina nilotica[4]
Ceriodaphnia cornuta[4]
Diaphanosoma excisum[4]
Keratella tropica[4]
Lagarosiphon major (oxygen-weed)[4]
Microcystis aeruginosa[4]
Moina micrura[4]
Oreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique mouth-breeder)[4]


Carcharhinus limbatus (Spot-fin ground shark)[4]
Cerberus australis (New Guinea bockadam, Dog-faced Water Snake)[5]
Ceryle rudis (Pied Kingfisher)[6]
Mystus montanus[4]
Noctilio leporinus (greater bulldog bat)[7]
Oreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique mouth-breeder)[4]
Pelecanus conspicillatus (Australian Pelican)[4]
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos (American White Pelican)[4]
Pelecanus onocrotalus (Great White Pelican)[4]


Parasitized by 
Anacanthorus colombianus <Unverified Name>[8]
Cichlidogyrus sclerosus[8]
Cichlidogyrus thurstonae[8]
Cichlidogyrus tilapiae[8]
Clinostomum metacercaria <Unverified Name>[8]
Clinostomum tilapiae <Unverified Name>[8]
Diplostomum compactum <Unverified Name>[8]
Diplostomum hupehensis <Unverified Name>[8]
Diplostomum niedashui <Unverified Name>[8]
Drepanocephalus olivaceus[8]
Euclinostomum heterostomum <Unverified Name>[8]
Gnathostoma binucleatum <Unverified Name>[8]
Goezia nonipapillata <Unverified Name>[8]
Gyrodactylus cichlidarum[8]
Neobenedenia melleni[8]
Ophiovalipora minuta <Unverified Name>[8]
Orientocreadium batrachoides[8]
Rhabdochona kidderi <Unverified Name>[8]
Scutogyrus chikhii[8]
Scutogyrus longicornis[8]
Spiroxys contorta <Unverified Name>[8]
Transversotrema patialense[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Rotterdam Zoo
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
Tallinn Zoo
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario

Range Map

Africa-Inland Waters; Africa: Lower Zambezi, Lower Shiré and coastal plains from Zambezi delta to Algoa Bay. Occurs southwards to the Brak River in the eastern Cape and in the Transvaal in the Limpopo system (Ref. 6465). Widely introduced for aquaculture, but escaped and es; Africa: Lower Zambezi, Lower Shiré and coastal plains from Zambezi delta to Algoa Bay. Occurs southwards to the Brak River in the eastern Cape and in the Transvaal in the Limpopo system (Ref. 6465). Widely introduced for aquaculture, but escaped and established itself in the wild in many countries, often outcompeting local species (Ref. 12217). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.; Algeria; America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; American Samoa; Angola; Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Asia - Inland waters; Athi-Galana-Sabaki River Drainage System; Australia; Australian; Bahamas; Bangladesh; Barbados; Benin; Bensbach River; Bolivia; Botswana; Brazil; Cambodia; Caroline Island; Chiku River; China; Colombia; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Cook Islands; Costa Rica; Cuba; Côte d'Ivoire; Danube; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Timor; Ecuador; Egypt; El Salvador; Erhjen River; Ethiopian; Europe - Inland waters; Fiji Islands; France; French Polynesia; Godavari; Grenada; Guam; Guatemala; Guyana; Haiti; Hawaii (USA); Honduras; Hong Kong; India; Indonesia; Israel; Jamaica; Japan; Jordan; Kaoping River; Kariba; Kenya; Kiribati; Korea, Republic of; Krishna River; Kuban River; Kunene River; Laguna de Bay; Lake Buluan; Lake Toba; Lao People's Dem. Rep.; Lesotho; Limpopo; Madagascar; Malawi; Malaysia; Maldives; Malta; Martinique; Mayotte; Mekong; Mexico; Micronesia,Fed.States of; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; Nauru; Nearctic; Neotropical; Nepal; Netherlands Antilles; New Caledonia; Nicaragua; Nile; Niue; North Marianas; Oceania - Inland waters; Okavango; Orange; Oriental; Pakistan; Palearctic; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Peng-hu Island; Periyar; Peru; Philippines; Puerto Rico; Ruerhmen River; Russian Federation; Réunion; Saint Lucia; Samoa; Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Seychelles; Shihtsao River; Shiliao River; Shire; Singapore; Solomon Islands; South Africa; South China Sea; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Swaziland; Tahiti; Taiwan; Tana River; Tanzania, United Rep. of; Tennessee; Thailand; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Tsengwen River; Tunisia; Turkey; Tuvalu; US Minor Outlying Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Uganda; Vanuatu; Venezuela; Viet Nam; Wallis and Futuna Is.; Yemen; Yili River; Zambezi; Zambia; Zimbabwe;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5The prey and predators of Homalopsine snakes, HAROLD K. VORIS and JOHN C. MURPHY, Journal of Natural History, 2002, 36, 1621–1632
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7Diet of the fishing bat Noctilio leporinus (Linnaeus) (Mammalia, Chiroptera) in a mangrove area of southern Brazil, Marcelo O. Bordignon, Rev. Bras. Zool. [online]. 2006, vol.23, n.1, pp. 256-260
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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