Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Serranidae > Cephalopholis > Cephalopholis cruentata
 

Cephalopholis cruentata (Grouper; Graysby seabass; Graysby; Deady; Coney)

Synonyms: Bodianus stellatus; Cephalopholis cruentatus; Epinephelus cruentatus; Petrometopon cruentatum; Petrometopon cruentatus; Serranus apiarius; Serranus coronatus; Serranus nigriculus; Sparus cruentatus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The Graysby, Cephalopholis cruentata, is a Grouper in the Serranidae family from the Western Atlantic. It is found from North Carolina to southern Florida (USA), Bermuda, the Gulf of Mexico, the Bahamas, and the Caribbean. Its typical size is 15 to 25 cm (6 to 10 in) in length, with a maximum size of 42 cm (16.5 in).
View Wikipedia Record: Cephalopholis cruentata

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Cayos Cochinos Archipelago National Park Natural Marine Monument   Honduras  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  

Prey / Diet

Abudefduf saxatilis (Sergeant-major)[1]
Acanthurus bahianus (Shitty trooper)[2]
Acanthurus chirurgus (Doctorfish)[2]
Acanthurus coeruleus (Yellow doctorfish)[2]
Aegires ortizi[2]
Alpheus armillatus (banded snapping shrimp)[2]
Alpheus cristulifrons (dotted snapping shrimp)[2]
Alpheus normanni (green snapping shrimp)[2]
Alpheus peasei (orangetail snapping shrimp)[2]
Aluterus schoepfii (Tobaccofish)[2]
Aplysia parvula (pygmy seahare)[2]
Apogon maculatus (Spotted cardinalfish)[2]
Atagema browni[2]
Aulostomus maculatus (Trumpetfish)[2]
Calliostoma javanicum (chocolate-line topsnail)[2]
Ceratophyllidia papilligera[2]
Chaetodon capistratus (School mistress)[2]
Chaetodon sedentarius (School mistress)[2]
Chaetodon striatus (School mistress)[2]
Chromis multilineata (Yellow-edge chromis)[2]
Coralliophila aberrans (globose coralsnail)[2]
Coralliophila caribaea (Caribbean coralsnail)[2]
Coryphopterus glaucofraenum (Bridled Goby)[2]
Coryphopterus personatus (Masked goby)[1]
Cyphoma gibbosum (flamingo tongue)[2]
Dendrodoris krebsii (Kreb's doris)[2]
Diodora dysoni (Dyson's keyhole limpet)[2]
Domecia acanthophora (elkhorn coral crab)[2]
Eoacmaea pustulata (spotted limpet)[2]
Epialtus kingsleyi[2]
Epialtus longirostris[2]
Felimida clenchi (harlequin blue doris)[2]
Garthiope barbadensis (prickly mud crab)[2]
Geitodoris pusae[2]
Gonodactylus bredini[2]
Gonodactylus lacunatus[2]
Haemulon album (Yellow grunt)[2]
Haemulon aurolineatum (Seize)[2]
Haemulon carbonarium (Redmouth grunt)[2]
Haemulon chrysargyreum (Yellowstripe grunt)[2]
Haemulon flavolineatum (Yellow grunt)[2]
Haemulon macrostomum (Spanish grunt)[2]
Haemulon plumierii (White snapper)[2]
Hexabranchus morsomus[2]
Hexapanopeus caribbaeus (Caribbean mud crab)[2]
Kyphosus incisor (Yellow sea chub)[2]
Kyphosus sectatrix (Rudderfish)[2]
Lithopoma caelatum (carved starsnail)[2]
Lithopoma tectum (West Indian starsnail)[2]
Lithopoma tuber (green starsnail)[2]
Lobatus gigas (pink or queen conch)[3]
Luria cinerea (atlantic gray cowrie)[2]
Macrocypraea zebra (measled cowrie)[2]
Micropanope nuttingi (beaded mud crab)[2]
Microphrys antillensis (lobed decorator crab)[2]
Microphrys bicornutus (speck-claw decorator crab)[2]
Microspathodon chrysurus (Yellowtail damselfish)[2]
Mithraculus cinctimanus (banded clinging crab)[2]
Mithraculus ruber[2]
Mithraculus sculptus (green clinging crab)[2]
Mithrax aculeatus[2]
Mithrax hemphilli[2]
Mithrax holderi[2]
Mithrax spinosissimus (channel clinging crab)[2]
Mithrax verrucosus (paved clinging crab)[2]
Monoplex macrodon (hairy triton)[2]
Naria spurca (Dirty Cowry)[2]
Neogonodactylus oerstedii[1]
Pachycheles riisei (Riise porcelain crab)[2]
Pachygrapsus transversus (mottled shore crab)[2]
Paguristes cadenati (red reef hermit)[2]
Paguristes grayi (Gray's hermit crab)[2]
Paguristes tortugae (bandeye hermit)[2]
Paraliomera dispar (black coral crab)[2]
Paraliomera longimana (longarm coral crab)[2]
Parapinnixa bouvieri[2]
Parapinnixa hendersoni[2]
Pauleo jubatus[2]
Periclimenes pedersoni (Pederson cleaner shrimp)[2]
Petrolisthes galathinus (banded porcelain crab)[2]
Petrolisthes jugosus (redwhite porcelain crab)[2]
Phaeoptyx pigmentaria (Pigmented cardinalfish)[1]
Pilumnus diomedeae[2]
Pilumnus gemmatus (tuberculate hairy crab)[2]
Pilumnus holosericus (roseate hairy crab)[2]
Pilumnus lacteus (velvet hairy crab)[2]
Pilumnus longleyi (studded hairy crab)[2]
Pilumnus marshi (quadrate hairy crab)[2]
Pilumnus pannosus (beaded hairy crab)[2]
Pilumnus reticulatus[2]
Pilumnus sayi (spineback hairy crab)[2]
Pisania pusio (miniature trumpet triton)[2]
Platydoris angustipes (Common leather doris)[2]
Prognathodes aculeatus (Poey's butterflyfish)[2]
Sargocentron coruscum (Conga tony)[1]
Scarus coelestinus (Midnight Parrotfish)[2]
Scarus guacamaia (Blue rainbow)[2]
Scarus iseri (Striped parrotfish)[2]
Sparisoma aurofrenatum (Black parrot)[2]
Sparisoma chrysopterum (Redtail parrotfish)[2]
Sparisoma radians (Sleep on grass)[2]
Sparisoma rubripinne (Yellowtail parrotfish)[2]
Sparisoma viride (Stoplight parrotfish)[2]
Stenorhynchus seticornis (yellowline arrow crab)[2]
Stylocheilus longicauda (blue-ring seahare)[2]
Synalpheus brevicarpus (Short-clawed sponge shrimp)[2]
Synalpheus longicarpus (Longclawed sponge shrimp)[2]
Tegula lividomaculata (West Indian tegula)[2]
Tritonia bayeri[2]
Tritoniopsis frydis[2]
Turbo castanea (chestnut turban)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aetobatus narinari (White-spotted eagle ray)1
Aulostomus maculatus (Trumpetfish)1
Balistes vetula (Turbot)1
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)1
Cephalopholis fulva (Yellowfish)1
Diodon hystrix (Ajargo)1
Epinephelus guttatus (Rockhind)1
Epinephelus striatus (White grouper)1
Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)1
Gerres cinereus (Yellowfin mojarra)1
Haemulon plumierii (White snapper)1
Haemulon sciurus (Yellow grunt)1
Lachnolaimus maximus (Hogftsh)1
Lutjanus analis (Virgin snapper)1
Lutjanus griseus (Snapper)1
Lutjanus jocu (Snuggletooth snapper)1
Mycteroperca venenosa (Yellow-finned grouper)1
Ocyurus chrysurus (Yellowtail snapper)2
Pseudupeneus maculatus (Spotted goat-fish)1
Trachinotus falcatus (Yellow-wax pompano)1

Predators

Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[2]
Lutjanus jocu (Snuggletooth snapper)[2]
Rhizoprionodon porosus (Snook shark)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Cainocreadium lintoni[4]
Hamacreadium mutabile[4]
Neobenedenia melleni[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Living Seas
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc

Distribution

Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bermuda; Brazil; Caribbean Sea; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Discovery Bay; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; French Guiana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Martinique; Mexico; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Nicaragua; North Brazil Shelf; Panama; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; South Brazil Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela; Virgin Islands (UK); Western Central Atlantic: North Carolina to southern Florida (USA), Bermuda, Gulf of Mexico, Bahamas, and the Caribbean; including the Antilles (Ref. 26938).;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Queen Conch Predators: Not a Roadblock to Mariculture, Darryl E. Jory and Edwin S. Iversen, Proc. Gulf Caribb. Fish. Inst. 35:108-111. (1983)
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access