Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Serranidae > Epinephelus > Epinephelus adscensionis
 

Epinephelus adscensionis (Rockhind; Rock hind; Rock grouper; Rock cod; Jack; Hind; Grouper; Graysby; Deady; Butterfish)

Synonyms: Cerna adscensionis; Epinephelis adscensionis; Epinephelus ascencionis; Epinephelus ascensionis; Epinephelus aspersus; Epinephelus capreolus; Epinephelus impetiginosus; Perca stellio; Serranus ascensionis; Serranus capreolus; Serranus impetiginosus; Serranus luridus; Serranus nigriceps; Serranus pixanga; Serranus varius; Trachinus adscensionis; Trachinus osbeck
Language: Creole, Portuguese; Danish; Dutch; French; Mandarin Chinese; Papiamento; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Spanish; Swedish

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Isla Mujeres, Punta Cancun y Punta Nizuc National Park II 21428 Quintana Roo, Mexico    
Parque Marino Nacional Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano National Park II 129688 Mexico      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      

Prey / Diet

Acanthochitona hemphilli (red glass-hair chiton)[1]
Achelous sebae (ocellate swimming crab)[1]
Cantherhines pullus (Tobaccofish)[1]
Cataleptodius floridanus (spoonfinger rubble crab)[1]
Chromis multilineata (Yellow-edge chromis)[2]
Cittarium pica (West Indian topsnail)[1]
Domecia hispida[1]
Dyspanopeus texanus (Gulf grassflat crab)[2]
Hexapanopeus paulensis (knobbed mud crab)[2]
Hypsoblennius invemar (Tessellated blenny)[2]
Mithraculus sculptus (green clinging crab)[1]
Nemausa acuticornis (sharphorn clinging crab)[2]
Ophioblennius atlanticus (Devilfish)[2]
Ophiothrix angulata (angular brittle star)[2]
Parablennius marmoreus (Seaweed blenny)[2]
Percnon gibbesi (nimble spray crab)[1]
Petrolisthes galathinus (banded porcelain crab)[1]
Pilumnus sayi (spineback hairy crab)[2]
Stenopus hispidus (redbanded coral shrimp, 'opae-huna)[2]
Stenorhynchus seticornis (yellowline arrow crab)[1]
Synalpheus fritzmuelleri (speckled snapping shrimp)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Bodianus rufus (Spanish hogfish)1
Canthigaster rostrata (Sharpnose pufferfish)1
Cephalopholis fulva (Yellowfish)2
Diodon hystrix (Ajargo)1
Epinephelus guttatus (Rockhind)3
Epinephelus striatus (White grouper)2
Ginglymostoma cirratum (Sand shark)1
Halichoeres radiatus (Puddingwife wrasse)2
Holocentrus adscensionis (Squirrelfish)1
Holocentrus rufus (Wrenchman)2
Hypoplectrus chlorurus (Yellowtail hamlet)1
Labrisomus nuchipinnis (Molly miller)1
Labrus bergylta (Ballan wrasse)1
Lutjanus apodus (Schooly)2
Myrichthys breviceps (Sharptail eel)1
Ocyurus chrysurus (Yellowtail snapper)1
Pareques acuminatus (Cluck)1
Rypticus saponaceus (Three-spined soapfish)1
Sargocentron vexillarium (Welchman)2
Scorpaenodes caribbaeus (Reef Scorpionfish)1

Predators

Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[2]
Sphyrna lewini (Southern hammerhead shark)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ascarophis mexicana <Unverified Name>[4]
Cainocreadium longisaccum <Unverified Name>[4]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[4]
Cycloplectanum bocquetae <Unverified Name>[4]
Hamacreadium confusum[4]
Helicometra torta[4]
Lecithochirium musculus[4]
Lecithochirium parvum[4]
Myzoxenus lachnolaimi[4]
Neobenedenia melleni[4]
Neolepidapedoides epinepheli <Unverified Name>[4]
Opecoeloides vitellosus[4]
Postporus epinepheli[4]
Pseudorhabdosynochus bocquetae[2]
Pseudorhabdosynochus monaensis[4]
Stephanostomum dentatum[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Florida Aquarium
Living Seas

Distribution

Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Ascension Island; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bermuda; Brazil; Caribbean Sea; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Discovery Bay; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; French Guiana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Martinique; Mexico; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Nicaragua; North Brazil Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Panama; Puerto Rico; Saint Helena; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; Sao Tomé and Principe; South Brazil Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Suriname; Trindade Island; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Is.; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela; Virgin Islands (UK); Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA and Bermuda to the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean and southern Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Ascension and St. Helena islands; dubious records from the Canary Islands, Cape Verde and South Africa (Ref. 1496, 1953, 6572) ; Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA and Bermuda to the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean and southern Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Ascension and St. Helena islands; dubious records from the Canary Islands, Cape Verde and South Africa (Ref. 1496, 1953, 6572) are discussed by Heemstra (Ref. 6512).;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Captures and Diet of Three Sharks Species in the Veracruz Reef System, José Otilio Avendaño-Alvarez, Horacio Pérez-España, David Salas-Monreal, Emiliano García-Rodríguez, Open Journal of Marine Science, 2013, 3, 66-73
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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