Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Pleuronectiformes > Scophthalmidae > Lepidorhombus > Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis
 

Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (whiff; Megrim; Flounder)

Synonyms: Lepidorhombus megastoma; Pleuronectes megastoma; Pleuronectes pseudopalus; Pleuronectes whiffiagonis
Language: Albanian; Catalan; Croatian; Danish; Dutch; Faroese; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Icelandic; Italian; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

The megrim or whiff (Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis) is a species of left-eyed flatfish in the family Scophthalmidae. It is found in the northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea between 100 and 700 m (330 and 2,300 ft) below sea level. It is caught commercially in some countries.
View Wikipedia Record: Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
North Bull Island Nature Reserve IV 3544 Ireland  

Prey / Diet

Abra prismatica[1]
Alloteuthis subulata (European Common Squid)[1]
Alpheus glaber (red snapping shrimp)[1]
Ampelisca brevicornis[1]
Anchialina agilis[1]
Argentina sphyraena (Lesser silver smelt)[1]
Arnoglossus imperialis (Scaldfish)[1]
Arnoglossus laterna (Scald-fish)[1]
Boiga dendrophila (Gold-ringed Cat Snake, Mangrove Snake)[1]
Boreomysis megalops[1]
Callianassa subterranea (mud shrimp)[1]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[1]
Callionymus risso (Dragonet)[1]
Calocaris macandreae[1]
Capros aper (cuckoofish)[1]
Cepola macrophthalma (Red bandfish)[1]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[1]
Corystes cassivelaunus (masked crab)[1]
Crangon allmanni[1]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[1]
Deltentosteus quadrimaculatus (fourspotted goby)[1]
Enchelyopus cimbrius (Rockling)[1]
Erythrops elegans[1]
Erythrops erythrophthalma[1]
Fenestraria rhopalophylla (babies toes)[1]
Gadiculus argenteus (Silvery pout)[1]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[1]
Gaidropsarus biscayensis (Spotted rockling)[2]
Gaidropsarus vulgaris (Whistler)[1]
Galathea squamifera (Lobster)[1]
Gastrosaccus spinifer[1]
Gobius auratus (Golden goby)[1]
Goneplax rhomboides (angular crab)[1]
Goniada maculata[1]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[1]
Jaxea nocturna[1]
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (whiff)[1]
Lesueurigobius friesii (fries' goby)[1]
Liocarcinus depurator (harbour crab)[1]
Liocarcinus holsatus (flying crab)[1]
Liocarcinus pusillus (dwarf swimming crab)[1]
Loligo vulgaris (European Squid)[1]
Lophogaster typicus[1]
Macropipus tuberculatus (portunid crab)[1]
Malacocephalus laevis (Softhead grenadier)[1]
Maurolicus muelleri (Silvery lightfish)[1]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[1]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[1]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[1]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[1]
Microchirus variegatus (Variegated sole)[1]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[1]
Munida rugosa (Long-clawed squat lobster)[1]
Mysideis parva[1]
Natatolana borealis[1]
Necora puber (velvet crab)[1]
Nephrops norvegicus (Norway lobster)[1]
Notomastus latericeus[1]
Nyctiphanes couchi[1]
Pagurus bernhardus (Bernhard's hermit crab)[1]
Pandalina brevirostris[1]
Pandalus montagui (Aesop shrimp)[1]
Parapandalus narval (narwal shrimp)[1]
Parapseudomma calloplura[1]
Pasiphaea sivado (white glass shrimp)[1]
Philocheras bispinosus[1]
Phtisica marina[1]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[1]
Pontophilus echinulatus[1]
Pontophilus spinosus (spiny lobster)[1]
Processa canaliculata (processa shrimp)[2]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[1]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[1]
Sepia officinalis (common or european cuttlefish)[1]
Sepiola atlantica (Atlantic Bobtail)[1]
Sergestes arcticus[1]
Solenocera membranacea (Atlantic mud shrimp)[1]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[1]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[1]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[1]
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)[1]
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)[1]
Venus verrucosa (Warty venus)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)1
Gnathophis mystax (Thinlip conger)1
Hymenocephalus italicus (Glasshead grenadier)1
Lepidorhombus boscii (Whiff)1
Lepidotrigla cavillone (Large-scaled gurnard)1
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)1
Molva macrophthalma (Spanish ling)1
Mullus barbatus (red mullet)1
Ophidion barbatum (Cusk eel)1
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)1
Raja undulata (Painted ray)1

Predators

Chelidonichthys lucerna (Sapphirine gurnard)[1]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[1]
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)[1]
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (whiff)[1]
Leucoraja fullonica (Shagreen ray)[1]
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)[1]
Lophius budegassa (Blackbellied angler)[1]
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)[1]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[1]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[1]
Scophthalmus maximus (Turbot)[1]
Scophthalmus rhombus (Flounder)[1]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[3]
Bothrimonus nylandicus[3]
Bothriocephalus scorpii[3]
Hemiurus levinseni[3]
Lecithochirium fusiforme[3]
Stephanostomum lophii[3]

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Barents Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Canary Current; Cantabrian Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Croatia; Denmark; Faroe Plateau; France; Galician Shelf; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Greece; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Italy; Malta; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Northeast Atlantic: Iceland southward to Cape Bojador (26°N), West Sahara and in the western Mediterranean.; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Portugal; Sea of Marmara; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Tunisia; Turkey; United Kingdom;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 2Šantić, M., Podvinski, M., Pallaoro, A., Jardas, I. and Kirinčić, M. (2009), Feeding habits of megrim, Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (Walbaum, 1792), from the central Adriatic Sea. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 25: 417–422 3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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