Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Gadiformes > Gadidae > Micromesistius > Micromesistius poutassou
 

Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou; Couch's whiting; Blue whiting)

Synonyms: Boreogadus poutassou; Gadus melanostomus; Gadus potassoa; Gadus poutassou; Merlangus albus; Merlangus pertusis; Merlangus pertusus; Merlangus poutassou; Merlangus vernalis; Micromessistius poutassou
Language: Albanian; Arabic; Bulgarian; Catalan; Croatian; Danish; Dutch; Faroese; Finnish; French; German; Greek; Hebrew; Icelandic; Italian; Maltese; Mandarin Chinese; Norwegian; Polish; Portuguese; Romanian; Russian; Serbian; Slovenian; Spanish; Swedish; Turkish

Wikipedia Abstract

The blue whiting, Micromesistius poutassou, one of the two species in the genus Micromesistius in the cod family, is common in the northeast Atlantic Ocean from Morocco to Iceland and Spitsbergen. It also occurs in the northern parts of the Mediterranean, where it may be locally abundant.Blue whiting also occur in the northwest Atlantic Ocean between Canada and Greenland, but is considered rare. It has a long, narrow body and a silvery underbody.
View Wikipedia Record: Micromesistius poutassou

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.01 lbs (457 g)
Female Maturity [2]  1 year 7 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 7 months
Maximum Longevity [2]  20 years
Migration [3]  Oceanodromous

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
North Bull Island Nature Reserve IV 3544 Ireland  

Prey / Diet

Acartia clausi[4]
Anarhichas denticulatus (Northern wolffish)[4]
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)[4]
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)[4]
Argentina sphyraena (Lesser silver smelt)[4]
Aurelia aurita (moon jelly)[4]
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)[5]
Calanus finmarchicus[4]
Calanus glacialis[4]
Calanus hyperboreus[4]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[4]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[5]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[4]
Cyanea capillata (Lion's mane jellyfish)[4]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[4]
Evadne nordmanni[4]
Gadiculus argenteus (Silvery pout)[4]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[4]
Gonatus fabricii (boreoatlantic armhook squid)[4]
Goneplax rhomboides (angular crab)[4]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[4]
Limacina helicina (helicid pteropod)[4]
Limacina retroversa (retrovert pteropod)[4]
Liparis gibbus (Dusky snailfish)[4]
Liparis montagui (Montagu's sea-snail)[4]
Loligo forbesii (Veined Squid)[4]
Lumpenus fabricii (Slender eelblenny)[4]
Lumpenus lampretaeformis (serpent blenny)[4]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[6]
Maurolicus muelleri (Silvery lightfish)[4]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[7]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[5]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[4]
Notoscopelus elongatus (a lanternfish)[4]
Nyctiphanes couchi[4]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[5]
Paraeuchaeta norvegica[4]
Parasagitta elegans (elegant arrow worm)[4]
Parathemisto oblivia[4]
Pasiphaea sivado (white glass shrimp)[7]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[4]
Pseudocalanus elongatus[4]
Sepia officinalis (common or european cuttlefish)[4]
Sepiola atlantica (Atlantic Bobtail)[4]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[4]
Themisto abyssorum[4]
Themisto libellula[5]
Thysanoessa inermis[4]
Thysanoessa longicaudata[4]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[4]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[4]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alca torda (Razorbill)1
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)1
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)3
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)4
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)2
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)1
Arctogadus glacialis (Polar cod)1
Argentina silus (Atlantic argentine)1
Artediellus atlanticus (Atlantic hookear)1
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)2
Bathyraja spinicauda (Spiny-tailed skate)2
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)2
Brosme brosme (Tusk)1
Careproctus rastrinus (Salmon snailfish)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)1
Centroscyllium fabricii (Black dogfish)1
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)1
Delphinapterus leucas (Beluga)2
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)2
Etmopterus pusillus (Smooth lanternshark)1
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)2
Eumicrotremus spinosus (Atlantic spiny lumpsucker)1
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)1
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)1
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)1
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)1
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)2
Gadus morhua (rock cod)2
Gadus ogac (White sea nonmigratory cod)2
Gaidropsarus argentatus (Treebearded rockling)1
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)1
Hemitripterus bolini (Bigmouth sculpin)1
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)1
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)1
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)3
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)1
Hoplostethus mediterraneus (Mediterranean redfish)1
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)1
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)1
Liparis gibbus (Dusky snailfish)1
Lycodes esmarkii (Esmark's eelpout)1
Lycodes frigidus (Glacial eelpout)1
Lycodes reticulatus (Arctic eelpout)1
Macrourus berglax (smoothspined grenadier)2
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)3
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)1
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)3
Nezumia bairdii (Marlin-spike grenadier)1
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Paraliparis bathybius (Black seasnail)1
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)1
Phycis chesteri (Longfin hake)1
Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus (Alaska plaice)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)3
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Rajella fyllae (Round ray)2
Rajella lintea (Sharp-nosed skate)1
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)3
Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon)1
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)1
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)1
Scyliorhinus retifer (Chain dogfish)1
Sebastes fasciatus (Acadian redfish)1
Sebastes mentella (Redfish)1
Sphyrna zygaena (Smooth hammerhead shark)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Stercorarius parasiticus (Parasitic Jaeger)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Triglops murrayi (Moustache sculpin)2
Uria aalge (Common Murre)2
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)3
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)1

Predators

Aethia psittacula (Parakeet Auklet)[4]
Aethia pusilla (Least Auklet)[4]
Alle alle (Little Auk)[4]
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)[5]
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[8]
Anarhichas denticulatus (Northern wolffish)[4]
Anarhichas minor (Spotted wolf-fish)[4]
Antimora rostrata (flatnose codling)[4]
Aphanopus carbo (Cutlassfish)[4]
Architeuthis dux (giant squid)[9]
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)[4]
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)[4]
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)[4]
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)[4]
Brachyramphus perdix (Long-billed Murrelet)[4]
Brosme brosme (Tusk)[4]
Cepphus carbo (Spectacled Guillemot)[4]
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)[4]
Chelidonichthys cuculus (cockoo gurnard)[4]
Chroicocephalus saundersi (Saunders's Gull)[4]
Conger conger (Conger)[7]
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)[10]
Coryphaenoides armatus (Smooth-scale rattail)[4]
Coryphaenoides rupestris (Roundnose grenadier)[11]
Deania calcea (Thompsons shark)[12]
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)[13]
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)[5]
Etmopterus pusillus (Smooth lanternshark)[14]
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)[11]
Eudyptes pachyrhynchus (Fiordland Penguin)[4]
Eudyptes robustus (Snares Penguin)[4]
Eudyptes sclateri (Erect-crested Penguin)[4]
Eudyptula minor (Fairy Penguin)[4]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[4]
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)[4]
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)[4]
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)[4]
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)[4]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[5]
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)[12]
Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Halibut)[4]
Histiobranchus bathybius (Deepwater arrowtooth eel)[4]
Hoplostethus atlanticus (Slimehead)[4]
Hydroprogne caspia (Caspian Tern)[4]
Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus (Great Black-headed Gull)[4]
Ichthyaetus relictus (Relict Gull)[4]
Illex coindetii (southern shortfin squid)[4]
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Atlantic White-sided Dolphin)[4]
Lampris guttatus (Sunfish)[4]
Larus canus (Mew Gull)[4]
Larus hyperboreus (Glaucous Gull)[4]
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (whiff)[4]
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)[15]
Loligo forbesii (Veined Squid)[9]
Loligo vulgaris (European Squid)[4]
Lophius budegassa (Blackbellied angler)[4]
Lycodes frigidus (Glacial eelpout)[16]
Megadyptes antipodes (Yellow-eyed Penguin)[4]
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)[4]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[4]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[4]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[7]
Microcarbo coronatus (Crowned Cormorant)[4]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[4]
Molva dypterygia (Ling)[11]
Molva molva (Ling)[4]
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)[4]
Morus serrator (Australasian Gannet)[4]
Onychoprion aleuticus (Aleutian Tern)[4]
Pagophila eburnea (Ivory Gull)[4]
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)[4]
Peponocephala electra (Melon-headed Whale)[4]
Phalacrocorax aristotelis (Shag)[4]
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)[4]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[4]
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)[4]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[17]
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)[4]
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)[18]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[5]
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)[15]
Raja clavata (Roker)[15]
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)[15]
Rajella lintea (Sharp-nosed skate)[11]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[5]
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)[4]
Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon)[4]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[4]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[7]
Scyliorhinus stellaris (Rigg)[4]
Sebastes mentella (Redfish)[4]
Spheniscus magellanicus (Magellanic Penguin)[4]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[4]
Stenella coeruleoalba (Striped Dolphin)[4]
Stercorarius parasiticus (Parasitic Jaeger)[4]
Sterna forsteri (Forster's Tern)[4]
Sterna hirundo (Common Tern)[4]
Sternula albifrons (Little Tern)[4]
Sternula antillarum (Least Tern)[4]
Synaphobranchus kaupii (Gray's cutthroat)[4]
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)[4]
Synthliboramphus wumizusume (Japanese Murrelet)[4]
Taningia danae (Dana Octopus Squid)[4]
Thalassarche cauta (Shy Albatross)[4]
Thalassarche eremita (Chatham Albatross)[4]
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)[4]
Thalassarche salvini (Salvin's Albatross)[4]
Thalasseus bernsteini (Chinese Crested Tern)[4]
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)[4]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[9]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[4]
Trachyscorpia cristulata (Atlantic thornyhead)[12]
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)[4]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[4]
Uranoscopus scaber (Stargazer)[4]
Uria aalge (Common Murre)[19]
Uria lomvia (Thick-billed Murre)[4]
Xema sabini (Sabine's Gull)[4]
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)[4]
Zeus faber (European john dory)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis pegreffii <Unverified Name>[20]
Anisakis physeteris <Unverified Name>[20]
Anisakis schupakovi <Unverified Name>[20]
Anisakis simplex[20]
Ascaris gadimerlangi <Unverified Name>[20]
Ascarophis morrhuae <Unverified Name>[20]
Bucephaloides gracilescens <Unverified Name>[20]
Bucephalopsis gracilescens <Unverified Name>[20]
Cucullanus cirratus <Unverified Name>[20]
Derogenes varicus[20]
Diclidophora minor[20]
Diphyllobothrium plerocercoid <Unverified Name>[20]
Echinorhynchus gadi[20]
Grillotia erinaceus[20]
Hemiurus communis[20]
Hemiurus levinseni[20]
Hepatoxylon trichiuri[20]
Lacistorhynchus tenuis[20]
Lecithaster gibbosus[20]
Podocotyle atomon[20]
Podocotyle reflexa[20]
Progonus muelleri[20]
Prosorhynchoides gracilescens[4]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[20]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[20]
Stephanostomum cesticillum[20]
Stephanostomum lophii[20]
Stephanostomum pristis[20]

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Baltic Sea; Barents Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Canada; Canary Current; Cantabrian Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Croatia; Denmark; East Greenland Shelf/Sea; Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; France; Galician Shelf; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Greece; Greenland; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Italy; Le Danois Bank; Lebanon; Malta; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Northeast Atlantic: Barents Sea south through the eastern Norwegian Sea, around Iceland, then in the western Mediterranean, and south along the African coast to Cape Bojador. Northwest Atlantic: southern Greenland and off southeast Canada and the north; Northeast Atlantic: Barents Sea south through the eastern Norwegian Sea, around Iceland, then in the western Mediterranean, and south along the African coast to Cape Bojador. Northwest Atlantic: southern Greenland and off southeast Canada and the northeastern coast of the USA.; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Portugal; Russian Federation; Sea of Marmara; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Sweden; Tunisia; Turkey; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; West Greenland Shelf; Western Sahara;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 3Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Trophic ecology of blue whiting in the Barents Sea, Andrey V. Dolgov, Edda Johannesen, Mikko Heino, and Erik Olsen, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67: 483–493 6The role of capelin (Mallotus villosus) in the foodweb of the Barents Sea, A. V. Dolgov, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: 1034–1045. 2002 7Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002 8Distribution and feeding ecology of Raja radiata in the northeastern North Sea and Skagerrak (Norwegian Deep), J. E. Skjæraasen, and O. A. Bergstad, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57: 1249–1260. 2000 9CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 10DIET AND FEEDING OF DOLPHIN (CORYPHAENA HIPPURUS) IN WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN WATERS, Enric Massutí, Salud Deudero, Pilar Sánchez and Beatriz Morales-Nin, BULLETIN OF MARINE SCIENCE, 63(2): 329–341, 1998 11Predator-Prey Relationships and Food Sources of the Skagerrak Deep-Water Fish Assemblage, O. A. Bergstad, Å. D. Wik and Ø. Hildre, J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol. 31, 2003, pp. 165-180 12Feeding ecology of deep fishes in the Le Danois Bank (Cantabrian Sea, North Spain), Preciado, I., Cartes, J., Velasco, F., Olaso, I., Serrano, A., Frutos, I., Sánchez, F., nternational Symposium on Oceanography of the Bay of Biscay (Vigo, Spain) (2006) 13Diet of common dolphins, Delphinus delphis, off the Portuguese continental coast, M.A. Silva, J. Mar. Biol. Ast. U.K. (1999), 79, 531-540 14Feeding ecology of the deep-sea lanternshark Etmopterus pusillus (Elasmobranchii: Etmopteridae) in the northeast Atlantic, JOSÉ C. XAVIER, CÁTIA VIEIRA, CARLOS ASSIS, YVES CHEREL, SIMEON HILL, ESMERALDA COSTA, TERESA C. BORGES and RUI COELHO, Scientia Marina 76(2) June 2012, 301-310, Barcelona (Spain) 15Diet comparison of four ray species (Raja clavata, Raja brachyura, Raja montagui and Leucoraja naevus) caught along the Portuguese continental shelf, Inês Farias, Ivone Figueiredo, Teresa Moura, Leonel Serrano Gordo, Ana Neves and Bárbara Serra-Pereira, Aquat. Living Resour. 19, 105–114 (2006) 16Trophic ecology of deep-water fishes associated with the continental slope of the eastern Norwegian Sea, Otte Bjelland, Odd Aksel Bergstad, Jon Egil Skjæraasen & Kenneth Meland, Sarsia 85:101-117 – 2000 17The harbour seal Phoca vitulina as a predator in the Skagerrak. Haerkoenen, T | Heide-Joergensen, M-P, Ophelia. Vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 191-207 1991 18PRELIMINARY REPORT FROM A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE DIET OF FOUR GADOID FISHES IN A FJORD OF WESTERN NORWAY, A.G. Vea Salvanes, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, C.M. 1986/G: 71, Demersal Fish Committee 19An estimate of summer food consumption of six seabird species in Iceland, K. Lilliendahl and J. Solmundsson, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 54: 624–630. 1997 20Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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