Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Gadiformes > Gadidae > Pollachius > Pollachius pollachius
 

Pollachius pollachius (Pollock; Pollak; Pollack; Margate hake; Lythe; Greenfish; Green pollack; Grass whiting; European pollock; Dover hake; Coalfish; Callagh)

Synonyms: Gadus lycostomus; Gadus pollachius; Gadus viridis; Merlangus pollachius; Pollachius linnei; Pollachius typus
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Wikipedia Abstract

The Atlantic or European pollock (Pollachius pollachius) is a species of marine fish in the Pollachius genus. FAO uses English name pollack for this species. Together with Pollachius virens, it may also be referred to as pollock. Other names include European pollock, lieu jaune, and lythe. It is common in the north-eastern parts of the Northern Atlantic, including the Bay of Biscay and North Sea.
View Wikipedia Record: Pollachius pollachius

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  21.95 lbs (9.96 kg)
Maximum Longevity [3]  8 years
Migration [2]  Oceano-estuarine

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Chesil and the Fleet 4032 England, United Kingdom
Clogwyni Pen Llyn/ Seacliffs of Lleyn 2591 Wales, United Kingdom
Fair Isle 1387 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Firth of Lorn 51830 Scotland, United Kingdom
Flamborough Head 15597 England, United Kingdom  
Glannau Ynys Gybi/ Holy Island Coast 1147 Wales, United Kingdom  
Isle of May 882 Scotland, United Kingdom
Isle of Portland to Studland Cliffs 3577 England, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Lands End and Cape Bank 74557 England, United Kingdom  
Limestone Coast of South West Wales/ Arfordir Calchfaen de Orllewin Cymru 3940 Wales, United Kingdom  
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Loch Creran 3030 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Loch nam Madadh 5734 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs 5883 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Lundy 7573 England, United Kingdom  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Rum 26775 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sanday 27112 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
South Devon Shore Dock 843 England, United Kingdom  
South Hams 320 England, United Kingdom  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
St David`s / Ty Ddewi 2312 Wales, United Kingdom  
St Kilda 62932 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
Tintagel–Marsland–Clovelly Coast 6004 England, United Kingdom  
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  
Yell Sound Coast 3807 Scotland, United Kingdom

Prey / Diet

Acartia clausi[4]
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)[4]
Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[4]
Apherusa bispinosa[4]
Arenicola marina (arénicole)[4]
Astarte arctica (Arctic astarte)[4]
Calanus finmarchicus[5]
Calanus glacialis[4]
Calanus hyperboreus[4]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[4]
Caprella monocera[4]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[4]
Corophium volutator (mud shrimp)[4]
Crangon allmanni[4]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[4]
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Rock cook)[5]
Dactylopusia tisboides[4]
Dactylopusia vulgaris[4]
Dexamine spinosa[5]
Eledone cirrhosa (Curled octopus)[4]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[4]
Euterpina acutifrons[4]
Gadiculus argenteus (Silvery pout)[4]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[4]
Gammarellus homari[4]
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)[5]
Gnathia maxillaris[4]
Gobiusculus flavescens (Two-spotted goby)[5]
Gonatus fabricii (boreoatlantic armhook squid)[4]
Harpacticus chelifer[4]
Harpacticus uniremis[4]
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)[4]
Hippolyte varians[4]
Hyperia galba[4]
Idotea balthica (gewone zeepissebed)[4]
Idotea emarginata[4]
Idotea linearis (smalle zeepissebed)[4]
Idotea pelagica[4]
Leander serratus[4]
Liocarcinus holsatus (flying crab)[4]
Lumpenus lampretaeformis (serpent blenny)[4]
Lycodes vahlii (Vahl's eelpout)[4]
Macropipus tuberculatus (portunid crab)[4]
Maurolicus muelleri (Silvery lightfish)[5]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[4]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[4]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[4]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[4]
Metridia longa[4]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[5]
Microsetella norvegica[4]
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)[4]
Neomysis integer[4]
Oithona similis[4]
Oithona spinirostris[4]
Pagurus bernhardus (Bernhard's hermit crab)[4]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[4]
Pandalus montagui (Aesop shrimp)[4]
Pasiphaea multidentata (pink glass shrimp)[4]
Pasiphaea sivado (white glass shrimp)[4]
Peprilus triacanthus (Sheephead)[4]
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)[4]
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)[4]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[5]
Praunus flexuosus (chameleon shrimp)[4]
Praunus inermis[5]
Pseudocalanus elongatus[4]
Sabinea sarsii (Sars shrimp)[4]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[4]
Schistomysis ornata[4]
Schistomysis spiritus[4]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[4]
Sepiola atlantica (Atlantic Bobtail)[4]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[4]
Temora longicornis[4]
Themisto abyssorum[4]
Thysanoessa longicaudata[4]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[4]
Tigriopus fulvus[4]
Tisbe furcata[4]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[4]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[4]
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)[4]
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)[4]
Urophycis regia (Spotted hake)[4]
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)[4]
Venustaconcha ellipsiformis (ellipse)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alle alle (Little Auk)1
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)1
Argentina silus (Atlantic argentine)2
Aythya fuligula (Tufted Duck)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Benthosema glaciale (Large-eyed froghead)1
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)1
Brama brama (Ray's bream)1
Bucephala clangula (Common Goldeneye)1
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Conger conger (Conger)1
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)1
Ctenolabrus rupestris (Rock cook)2
Deania calcea (Thompsons shark)1
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)1
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)1
Etmopterus pusillus (Smooth lanternshark)1
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)2
Gadus morhua (rock cod)4
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)1
Gavia arctica (Black-throated Loon)1
Gavia stellata (Red-throated Loon)1
Gobius niger (Black goby)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)1
Lycodes frigidus (Glacial eelpout)1
Melanitta nigra (Black Scoter)1
Mergus serrator (Red-breasted Merganser)1
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)1
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)1
Molva dypterygia (Ling)1
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)1
Perca fluviatilis (River perch)1
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)1
Platalea leucorodia (Eurasian Spoonbill)1
Podiceps grisegena (Red-necked Grebe)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)4
Polydactylus quadrifilis (Threadfin)1
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)1
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)1
Raja clavata (Roker)2
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)1
Raja undulata (Painted ray)1
Rajella lintea (Sharp-nosed skate)1
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon)1
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)1
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Trisopterus capelanus (Poor cod)4
Uria aalge (Common Murre)1

Predators

Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[4]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[4]
Homo sapiens (man)[4]
Lagenorhynchus albirostris (White-beaked Dolphin)[4]
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)[4]
Leucoraja ocellata (Winter skate)[4]
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)[4]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[4]
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)[4]
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)[4]
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)[4]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[4]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[4]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[4]
Trachinus draco (Greater weever)[4]
Zeus faber (European john dory)[4]

Providers

Parasite of 
Anisakis simplex[4]
Diclidophora pollachii[4]
Diphyllobothrium elegans[4]
Echinorhynchus armoricanus[4]
Grillotia erinaceus[4]
Lacistorhynchus tenuis[4]
Lepidapedon rachion[4]
Nybelinia surmenicola[4]
Podocotyle atomon[4]
Pyramicocephalus phocarum[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis simplex[6]
Diclidophora pollachii[6]
Diphyllobothrium elegans[6]
Echinorhynchus armoricanus[6]
Grillotia erinaceus[6]
Lacistorhynchus tenuis[6]
Lepidapedon rachion[6]
Nybelinia surmenicola[6]
Podocotyle atomon[6]
Pyramicocephalus phocarum[6]
Taenia pollachii <Unverified Name>[6]

Distribution

Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Cantabrian Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Denmark; Estonia; Faeroe Islands; Faroe Plateau; France; Galician Shelf; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Latvia; Netherlands; North Sea; Northeast Atlantic: Norway, the Faeroes, and Iceland to the Bay of Biscay. Reported from Estonia (Ref. 33247).; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Poland; Portugal; Sweden; Tagus; United Kingdom;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5PRELIMINARY REPORT FROM A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE DIET OF FOUR GADOID FISHES IN A FJORD OF WESTERN NORWAY, A.G. Vea Salvanes, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, C.M. 1986/G: 71, Demersal Fish Committee 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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