Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Tetraodontiformes > Ostraciidae > Acanthostracion > Acanthostracion quadricornis
 

Acanthostracion quadricornis (Trunkfish; Shellfish; Scrawled cowfish; Cowfish)

Synonyms: Acanthostracion tricornis; Lactophrys quadricornis; Lactophrys tricornis; Ostracion quadricornis; Ostracion tricornis
Language: Afrikaans; Danish; French; Japanese; Mandarin Chinese; Marshallese; Papiamento; Polish; Portuguese; Russian; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The scrawled cowfish, Acanthostracion quadricornis, belongs to the Ostraciidae family and is closely related to boxfish and trunkfish. They range in size from 8-15 inches, with a maximum length of 18 inches, and can be found at depths between 6 and 80 feet. It is common to occasional in Florida and Bahamas; occasional to uncommon in the Caribbean. It may occur in the Gulf of Mexico, north to Massachusetts, Bermuda and south to Brazil in tropical and temperate waters.
View Wikipedia Record: Acanthostracion quadricornis

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Cayos Cochinos Archipelago National Park Natural Marine Monument   Honduras  
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  

Prey / Diet

Acartia lilljeborgi[1]
Acartia spinata[1]
Acartia tonsa[1]
Actinostella flosculifera (Collared sand anemone)[2]
Agelas dispar[1]
Aiolochroia crassa[1]
Amphimedon chloros[3]
Amphimedon erina[1]
Antillogorgia acerosa (purple sea plume)[1]
Antillogorgia americana (slimy sea plume)[1]
Aplysina cauliformis[1]
Aplysina fistularis (Yellow tube sponge)[1]
Aplysina fulva[1]
Aplysina lacunosa (Giant tube sponge)[1]
Brachyscelus crusculum[1]
Bunodosoma granuliferum (Red warty anemone)[2]
Capitella capitata (Threadworm)[1]
Centropages furcatus[1]
Cervicornia cuspidifera[1]
Chondrilla nucula (Chicken liver sponge)[1]
Chondrosia collectrix[3]
Clathrina coriacea (white clathrina)[1]
Cliona varians[1]
Cribrochalina dura[1]
Cribrochalina vasculum[1]
Dictyonella arenosa[1]
Dictyonella funicularis[1]
Dioithona oculata[1]
Ditrichocorycaeus amazonicus[1]
Ditrichocorycaeus americanus[1]
Dysidea fragilis (Keratose sponge)[3]
Dysidea janiae[1]
Euchaeta marina[1]
Eunicea asperula (knobby candelabra)[1]
Eunicea calyculata (warty eunicea)[1]
Eunicea flexuosa (bent sea rod)[1]
Eunicea succinea (Knobby candelabrum)[1]
Eunicea tourneforti (Tournefort's knobby candelabra)[1]
Eurydice littoralis[1]
Euterpina acutifrons[1]
Farranula gracilis[1]
Flaccisagitta enflata[1]
Fritillaria haplostoma[1]
Gelliodes ramosa[1]
Geodia neptuni[1]
Geodia papyracea[1]
Glossocephalus milneedwardsi[1]
Gorgonia mariae[1]
Grubeulepis westoni[1]
Hemipodia californiensis[1]
Hyrtios violaceus[1]
Iciligorgia schrammi (Black sea fan)[1]
Igernella notabilis[1]
Iotrochota birotulata (Black bush sponge)[1]
Ircinia campana (Stinking vase sponge)[1]
Ircinia felix (Stinking vase sponge)[1]
Isaurus tuberculatus[1]
Krohnitta subtilis[1]
Labidocera acutifrons[1]
Laeonereis culveri (Culver's sandworm)[1]
Lestrigonus bengalensis[1]
Mediomastus californiensis[1]
Microsetella rosea[1]
Muricea atlantica[2]
Muriceopsis flavida (Bottle-brush coral)[1]
Mycale laxissima[1]
Naineris laevigata[1]
Neofibularia nolitangere (Touch-me-not sponge)[1]
Neopetrosia rosariensis[1]
Neopetrosia subtriangularis[1]
Oikopleura dioica[1]
Oikopleura longicauda[1]
Oithona colcarva[1]
Oithona nana[1]
Oithona plumifera[1]
Oithona simplex[1]
Oncaea mediterranea[1]
Oncaea venusta[1]
Paguristes grayi (Gray's hermit crab)[1]
Pagurus bonairensis[2]
Pagurus brevidactylus (Hermit crab)[1]
Palythoa mammillosa (knobby zoanthid)[1]
Palythoa variabilis (Brown colonial anemone)[1]
Paracalanus aculeatus[1]
Paracalanus parvus[1]
Parazoanthus swiftii (Brown colonial anemone)[1]
Parvocalanus crassirostris[1]
Penilia avirostris[1]
Petrosia pellasarca[1]
Pista cristata[1]
Plexaura homomalla (black sea rod)[1]
Plexaura nina (sea rod)[1]
Plexaurella dichotoma (double-forked plexaurella)[1]
Prionospio heterobranchia[1]
Pterogorgia guadalupensis (Guadeloupe sea blade)[1]
Serratosagitta serratodentata[1]
Smenospongia aurea[1]
Spheciospongia vesparium (Common loggerhead sponge)[1]
Streblosoma hartmanae[1]
Strongylacidon griseum[1]
Syringodium filiforme (manatee grass)[1]
Tectitethya crypta[1]
Thalassia testudinum (turtlegrass)[1]
Umimayanthus parasiticus (Yellow colonial anemone)[1]
Undinula vulgaris[1]
Verongula gigantea (Giant bowl sponge)[1]
Verongula reiswigi[1]
Verongula rigida[1]
Xestospongia muta (giant barrel sponge)[1]
Xestospongia portoricensis[1]
Zoanthus pulchellus (Mat anemone)[2]
Zoanthus sociatus (Green sea mat)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aluterus scriptus (unicornfish)1
Cantherhines pullus (Tobaccofish)1
Haemulon parra (Sand grunt)1
Pomacanthus paru (French angelfish)1

Predators

Carcharhinus leucas (Zambezi shark)[1]
Carcharhinus limbatus (Spot-fin ground shark)[1]
Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[1]
Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)[1]
Octopus briareus (Caribbean reef octopus)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Dermadena lactophrysi[5]
Haliotrema kritskyi[5]
Haliotrema lactophrys[5]
Haliotrema minutum[5]
Haliotrema torridum[5]
Hypocreadium lactophrysi[5]
Megapera gyrina[1]
Megapera orbicularis[1]
Megapera pseudura[1]
Neobenedenia melleni[5]
Thysanopharynx elongatus[1]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Newport Aquarium
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden

Distribution

Agulhas Current; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Aruba; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic Ocean: in tropical and temperate waters (Ref. 3696). Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (USA), Bermuda, and northern Gulf of Mexico to southeastern Brazil. Reported from tip of South Africa.; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southeast; Atlantic, Southwest; Atlantic, Western Central; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Benguela Current; Bermuda; Brazil; Caribbean Sea; Celestún Biosphere Reserve; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao Island; Discovery Bay; Dominica; Dominican Republic; East Brazil Shelf; French Guiana; Grenada; Guatemala; Gulf of Mexico; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Laguna de Términos; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Mexico; Namibia; Nicaragua; North Brazil Shelf; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Panama; Patagonian Shelf; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent & the Grenadines; South Africa; South Brazil Shelf; Southeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; US Virgin Islands; USA (contiguous states); Venezuela; Virgin Islands (UK);

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
2Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
3Sponge-feeding fishes of the West Indies, J. E. Randall and W. D. Hartman, Marine Biol. 1, 216-225 (1968)
4CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access