Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Moronidae > Dicentrarchus > Dicentrarchus labrax

Dicentrarchus labrax (White salmon; King of the mullets; European seabass; European bass; Common bass; Capemouth; Bass; White mullet; Sea perch; Sea dace; Sea bass)

Synonyms: Centropomus lupus; Centropomus mullus; Dicentrarchus elongatus; Dicentrarchus lupus; Labrax diacanthus; Labrax elongatus; Labrax labrax; Labrax linnei; Labrax lupus; Labrax vulgaris; Morone labrax; Perca diacantha; Perca elongata; Perca labrax; Perca sinuosa; Roccus labrax; Sciaena diacantha; Sciaena labrax
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Wikipedia Abstract

The European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) is a primarily ocean-going fish that sometimes enters brackish and fresh waters. It is also known as the sea dace. Highly regarded as a table fish, it is often marketed as Mediterranean seabass, loup de mer, robalo, lubina, spigola, branzino, or bronzino.
View Wikipedia Record: Dicentrarchus labrax


Adult Weight [2]  14.55 lbs (6.60 kg)
Female Maturity [4]  4 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Brood Dispersal [3]  In the open
Brood Guarder [3]  No
Maximum Longevity [4]  15 years
Migration [3]  Intraoceanic
Water Biome [1]  Coastal


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Akyatan Lagoon 36324 Adana, Turkey      
Badies de Pollença i Alcúdia 75991 Spain    
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
D'Addaia a s'Albufera 6941 Spain  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Flamborough Head 15597 England, United Kingdom  
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
La Mola i s'Albufera de Fornells 3747 Spain    
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Miramare Marine Park Biosphere Reserve 717 Italy  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Reserve de la Biosphere d'Iroise Biosphere Reserve IV 118 France  
S'Albufera des Grau 6293 Spain  
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera 40611 Spain  
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Hams 320 England, United Kingdom  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tintagel–Marsland–Clovelly Coast 6004 England, United Kingdom  
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Alitta succinea (pile worm)[5]
Atherina boyeri (Big-scale sand smelt)[5]
Carcinus maenas (green crab)[5]
Corophium volutator (mud shrimp)[5]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[5]
Dicentrarchus labrax (White salmon)[5]
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)[5]
Leander serratus[5]
Neomysis integer[5]
Oikopleura dioica[5]
Orchestia gammarella[6]
Praunus flexuosus (chameleon shrimp)[5]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[5]
Schistomysis kervillei[7]
Schistomysis ornata[5]
Schistomysis spiritus[7]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[5]
Syngnathus abaster (Black-striped pipefish)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)2
Pomatoschistus lozanoi (Lozano's goby)1
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)1


Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)[5]
Dicentrarchus labrax (White salmon)[5]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[5]
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)[5]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[5]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[5]
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)[5]


Parasitized by 
Acanthostomum imbutiformis <Unverified Name>[8]
Acanthostomum saoudi[8]
Bothriocephalus labracis <Unverified Name>[8]
Bucephalus baeri[8]
Bucephalus labracis[8]
Bucephalus minimus[8]
Cainocreadium labracis[8]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[8]
Contracaecum rudolphii <Unverified Name>[8]
Derogenes varicus[8]
Diplectanum aequans[8]
Entobdella aegyptiacus[8]
Goezia annulata[8]
Hemiurus communis[8]
Ichthyonema globiceps <Unverified Name>[8]
Karyakartia pambanensis[8]
Lacistorhynchus tenuis[8]
Lecithaster confusus[8]
Lecithochirium musculus[8]
Lecithochirium rufoviride[8]
Microcotyle labracis <Unverified Name>[8]
Prosorhynchus crucibulum[8]
Scolex polymorphus <Unverified Name>[8]
Serranicotyle labracis[8]
Telosentis molini[8]
Timoniella imbutiforme[8]
Udonella caligorum[8]
Udonella lupi[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Acquario di Genova
Bristol Zoo Gardens
London Aquarium
Oceanario de Lisboa
Oresundsakvariet (Oresund Aquarium)
Rotterdam Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
Zoological Society of London


Aegean Sea; Africa-Inland Waters; Albania; Algeria; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Belgium; Black Sea; Bulgaria; Canary Current; Canary Islands; Cantabrian Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; China; Cyprus; Denmark; Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Morocco, the Canary Islands and Senegal. Also known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Absent from White, Barents, Baltic and Caspian Seas (Ref. 59043).; Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Morocco, the Canary Islands and Senegal. Reported from Iceland (Ref. 12462). Also known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea.; Egypt; England and Wales (UK); Europe - Inland waters; Faroe Plateau; Finland; France; Galician Shelf; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Greece; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy; Jordan; Latvia; Lebanon; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Lithuania; Malta; Mauritania; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Poland; Portugal; Russian Federation; Sea of Marmara; Senegal; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Tagus; Tunisia; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom; Western Sahara;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4,, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
4Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Feeding ecology of o-group sea bass,Dicentrarchus labrax, in salt marshes of Mont Saint Michel Bay (France); P. Laffaille, J. C. Lefeuvre, M. T. Schricke and E. Feunteun; Estuaries and Coasts Volume 24, Number 1 (2001), 116-125
7The mysid-feeding guild of demersal fishes in the brackish zone of the Westerschelde estuary, K. Hostens and J. Mees, Journal of Fish Biology (1999) 55, 704-719
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Ramsar Sites Information Service
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access