Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Scorpaeniformes > Triglidae > Eutrigla > Eutrigla gurnardus
 

Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)

Synonyms: Chelidonichthys gurnardus; Eutrigla gunardus; Eutrigla gurnardus gurnardus; Eutrigla gurnardus milvus; Eutriglia gurnardus; Eutroigla gurnardus; Trigla gurnardus; Trigla milvus
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Wikipedia Abstract

Eutrigla gurnardus, the grey gurnard, is a species of searobin native to the eastern Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea. This fish can be found at depths of from 10 to 340 metres (33 to 1,115 ft) though it is not normally found below 150 metres (490 ft). This species grows to a length of 60 cm (24 in) TL though usually reaching up to 30 cm (12 in) TL. This species is the only known member of its genus.In Ireland, the fish has been called the cuckoo fish, knoud or noud..
View Wikipedia Record: Eutrigla gurnardus

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Norwegian Sea Drainages Norway, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Eileanan agus Sgeiran Lios mór 2816 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lundy 7573 England, United Kingdom  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Morvern Woods 4763 Scotland, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Agonus cataphractus (Pogge)[1]
Alloteuthis media (little squid)[1]
Alpheus glaber (red snapping shrimp)[2]
Ammodytes tobianus (lesser sand eel)[1]
Ampelisca brevicornis[1]
Amphilochus tenuimanus[1]
Amphiura filiformis (brittlestar)[1]
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)[1]
Anchialina agilis[3]
Aphia minuta (Transparent goby)[1]
Aphrodita aculeata (Sea mouse)[1]
Arenicola marina (arénicole)[1]
Argentina sphyraena (Lesser silver smelt)[1]
Arnoglossus laterna (Scald-fish)[1]
Astacilla longicornis[1]
Atelecyclus rotundatus (circular crab)[1]
Bodotria scorpioides[1]
Branchiostoma floridae (Florida lancelet)[1]
Branchiostoma lanceolatum[1]
Buglossidium luteum (Yellow sole)[1]
Calanus finmarchicus[1]
Callianassa subterranea (mud shrimp)[1]
Callionymus lyra (european dragonet)[1]
Callionymus maculatus (Spotted dragonet)[3]
Callionymus reticulatus (Reticulated dragonet)[1]
Ciliata mustela (Rockling)[1]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[1]
Corbula gibba (basket shell)[1]
Corystes cassivelaunus (masked crab)[1]
Crangon allmanni[1]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[1]
Crystallogobius linearis (Crystal goby)[1]
Cyclopterus lumpus (Lumpsucker)[1]
Dexamine spinosa[1]
Donax vittatus (banded wedge-shell)[1]
Dulichia falcata[1]
Echiichthys vipera (Lesser weever)[1]
Enchelyopus cimbrius (Rockling)[1]
Erythrops elegans[1]
Eucidaris tribuloides (slate pencil urchin)[1]
Euspira pulchella (common necklace shell)[1]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[1]
Gadiculus argenteus (Silvery pout)[1]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[1]
Galathea dispersa[1]
Galathea intermedia[1]
Galathea rostrata[1]
Gastrosaccus spinifer[1]
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)[1]
Goneplax rhomboides (angular crab)[2]
Gymnammodytes semisquamatus (smoothed sandeel)[1]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[1]
Hippolyte varians[1]
Hippolyte zostericola (zostera shrimp)[1]
Hyperia galba[1]
Hyperoplus lanceolatus (greater sand eel)[1]
Idotea balthica (gewone zeepissebed)[1]
Leptomysis gracilis[3]
Leucon nasica[1]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[1]
Liocarcinus corrugatus (wrinkled swimming crab)[1]
Liocarcinus holsatus (flying crab)[1]
Liocarcinus pusillus (dwarf swimming crab)[1]
Liparis liparis (striped seasnail)[1]
Lophogaster typicus[3]
Lumpenus lampretaeformis (serpent blenny)[1]
Macropipus tuberculatus (portunid crab)[1]
Macropodia tenuirostris (slender spider crab)[1]
Mactra stultorum (rayed trough shell)[1]
Maurolicus muelleri (Silvery lightfish)[1]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[3]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[1]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[1]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[1]
Monoculodes carinatus[1]
Monoculodes gibbosus[3]
Munida angulata[1]
Munida rugosa (Long-clawed squat lobster)[1]
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Short-spined sea scorpion)[1]
Mytilus edulis (Blue mussel)[1]
Necora puber (velvet crab)[1]
Neomysis integer[1]
Nephrops norvegicus (Norway lobster)[1]
Nyctiphanes couchi[1]
Ophiura albida (brittlestar)[1]
Pagurus bernhardus (Bernhard's hermit crab)[1]
Pandalina brevirostris[1]
Pandalus borealis (northern shrimp)[1]
Pandalus montagui (Aesop shrimp)[1]
Pandalus stenolepis (roughpatch shrimp)[1]
Paracalanus parvus[1]
Parapleustes bicuspis[1]
Parathemisto oblivia[1]
Pasiphaea sivado (white glass shrimp)[1]
Patella vulgata (Limpet)[1]
Philocheras bispinosus[3]
Philocheras gorei[1]
Philocheras sculptus[3]
Pholis gunnellus (Tissy)[1]
Pinnotheres pugettensis (Puget pea crab)[1]
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)[1]
Podon intermedius[1]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[1]
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)[1]
Pontophilus abyssi[1]
Pontophilus echinulatus[1]
Pontophilus gracilis[1]
Pontophilus norvegicus (Norwegian shrimp)[1]
Pontophilus spinosus (spiny lobster)[3]
Porcellana longicornis (long-clawed porcelain crab)[1]
Processa canaliculata (processa shrimp)[1]
Processa hemphilli[1]
Protomedeia fasciata[1]
Pseudocalanus elongatus[1]
Pseudocuma longicorne[1]
Raja clavata (Roker)[1]
Rossia palpebrosa (warty bobtail squid)[1]
Sabella pavonina (slijkkokerworm)[1]
Scaphander lignarius (Woody Canoe-bubble)[1]
Schistomysis ornata[1]
Schistomysis spiritus[1]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[1]
Sepia officinalis (common or european cuttlefish)[1]
Sepiola atlantica (Atlantic Bobtail)[1]
Solea solea (True sole)[1]
Spirontocaris spinus (parrot shrimp)[1]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[1]
Synchiropus phaeton (Dragonet)[1]
Syngnathus typhle (broadnosed pipefish)[1]
Temora longicornis[1]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[1]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[1]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[1]
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)[1]
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)[1]
Upogebia deltaura[1]
Westwoodilla caecula[1]
Westwoodilla rectirostris[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)1
Anarhichas lupus (Wolffish)1
Argentina silus (Atlantic argentine)1
Arnoglossus laterna (Scald-fish)2
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Beryx splendens (Alfonsin)1
Bothus podas (Wide-eyed flounder)1
Brosme brosme (Tusk)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)1
Chelidonichthys cuculus (cockoo gurnard)4
Chelidonichthys lucerna (Sapphirine gurnard)2
Chelidonichthys obscurus (Shining gurnard)3
Citharus linguatula (Spotted flounder)3
Clupea harengus (Yawling)1
Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Saddled grenadier)1
Eledone cirrhosa (Curled octopus)1
Etmopterus spinax (Black centrina)1
Gaidropsarus biscayensis (Spotted rockling)1
Galeus melastomus (Black-mouth catshark)1
Gnathophis mystax (Thinlip conger)3
Lepidorhombus boscii (Whiff)1
Lepidotrigla cavillone (Large-scaled gurnard)3
Leucoraja naevus (Cuckoo ray)1
Malacoraja senta (Smooth skate)1
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)1
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)1
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)1
Nemipterus randalli (Randall's threadfin bream)1
Nezumia bairdii (Marlin-spike grenadier)1
Ophidion barbatum (Cusk eel)1
Pagellus bogaraveo (Sea-bream)1
Phycis blennoides (Greater fork-beard)1
Phycis chesteri (Longfin hake)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)1
Pomadasys incisus (Bastard grunt)1
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)1
Raja brachyura (Blond ray)1
Raja clavata (Roker)4
Raja montagui (Homelyn ray)3
Raja polystigma (Speckled ray)1
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)1
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)2
Scyliorhinus retifer (Chain dogfish)1
Sebastes fasciatus (Acadian redfish)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Trachyrincus scabrus (Roughsnout grenadier)1
Trigla lyra (Gurnard)2
Trigloporus lastoviza (Streaked gurnard)5
Trisopterus capelanus (Poor cod)2
Uranoscopus scaber (Stargazer)1
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)1
Urophycis tenuis (White hake)1

Predators

Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)[1]
Conger conger (Conger)[1]
Dipturus batis (Blue skate)[1]
Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)[1]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[1]
Galeorhinus galeus (Vitamin shark)[1]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[1]
Lagenorhynchus albirostris (White-beaked Dolphin)[1]
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)[1]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[1]
Scophthalmus maximus (Turbot)[1]
Scophthalmus rhombus (Flounder)[1]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[1]
Zeus faber (European john dory)[1]

Providers

Parasite of 
Acanthocephaloides propinquus[1]
Anisakis simplex[1]
Contracaecum fabri[1]
Euzetacanthus simplex[1]
Grillotia erinaceus[1]
Lacistorhynchus tenuis[1]
Nybelinia lingualis[1]
Plectanocotyle gurnardi[1]
Stephanostomum baccatum[1]
Stephanostomum triglae[1]
Trochopus gaillimhe[1]
Trochopus tubiporus[1]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephaloides propinquus[4]
Anisakis simplex[4]
Ascarophis arctica <Unverified Name>[4]
Contracaecum fabri[4]
Euzetacanthus simplex[4]
Grillotia erinaceus[4]
Hysterothylacium fabri <Unverified Name>[4]
Hysterothylacium rigidum <Unverified Name>[4]
Lacistorhynchus tenuis[4]
Nybelinia lingualis[4]
Plectanocotyle gurnardi[4]
Scolex pleuronectis <Unverified Name>[4]
Stephanostomum baccatum[4]
Stephanostomum triglae[4]
Trochopus gaillimhe[4]
Trochopus tubiporus[4]

Distribution

Aegean Sea; Albania; Algeria; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Atlantic, Northeast; Baltic Sea; Black Sea; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Canary Current; Cantabrian Sea; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Channel Islands; Croatia; Cyprus; Denmark; Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Morocco, Madeira, and Iceland. Also known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea (Ref. 4697).; Egypt; England and Wales (UK); Faroe Plateau; France; Galician Shelf; Georgia; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Gibraltar; Greece; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy; Lebanon; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Madeira Islands; Malta; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Monaco; Morocco; Netherlands; North Sea; Northern Ireland; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Scotland (UK); Sea of Marmara; Serbia and Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Tunisia; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 2Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002 3Feeding habits of grey gurnard, Eutrigla gurnardus (L., 1758), along the Catalan coast (northwestern Mediterranean), R. Moreno-Amich, Hydrobiologia 273: 57-66, 1994. 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access